There are simply no ideal gardens for the relief and conditions. Each site has its own drawbacks - either elevation differences, then specific soil characteristics, or zones with too high a groundwater table. If your garden has such a problem area in which the soil is swampy or waterlogged, do not rush to lay powerful drainage and change the landscape by artificial methods.
You have a unique chance to equip a truly unusual object - a wet flowerbed and a picturesque corner with hygrophilous plants. These are unique cultures with magnificent leaves and unique flowering.Flower bed in a wet area.
The lack of relief does not exist
It is no coincidence that professional landscape designers claim that the notion of imperfections or poor conditions does not exist in principle. Any feature of the site that is not suitable for standard landscaping is not a source of headache, but unlimited possibilities. After all, all of us, first of all, strive for uniqueness, a bright individuality, and if there are problem areas on the site, nature itself provides a chance to create something unusual.
High humidity areas are not a problem, but a chance
The most problematic areas are those with high, constant humidity and dampness. Of course, for the arrangement of the garden and orchard, such conditions need to be changed by the drainage system, but for decorative compositions this is not necessary at all. Especially if it is only a small area or corner of the garden.
Such wet gardens are an example of landscape, natural beauty. By choosing the right plants, you can even break the colorful flowering compositions in such seemingly adverse conditions.
Plant Requirements for Waterlogged Plots
The main requirements for such plants are a love of a high level of hydration and fear of flooding and stagnation of moisture in the soil. They must tolerate a low concentration of oxygen in the soil, be able to withstand flooding and wetting. But no less important is sufficient endurance, resistance to frost. After all, soil saturated with moisture creates specific and more severe conditions, freezing earlier than ordinary garden soil, and thawing much later.Lysichiton in the design of a waterlogged area.
Crops that can settle on waterlogged, swampy areas in the garden are very different. They are conditionally divided into:
- decorative deciduous, whose flowering is rather inconspicuous;
- flowering (but their foliage is also always quite attractive).
Their moisture-loving stars can be found among perennials, and even among flyers. But most crops are still ranked either as a group of giants (tree and shrubs from viburnum to hydrangea and maples), or to herbaceous perennials that will adorn such sites for decades.
Plants that can grow on a wet plot are suitable for decoration of various water bodies and prefer to settle in shallow water or in a swamp. But there are plants that are most often used precisely in decorative swamps or wet beds, and not in ponds. Wet flower beds, although rare, are becoming more common and help solve problems without drastic measures and significant funds.
Let's get acquainted with the favorites of the "wet" design closer:
For a list of wetland and wetland plants, see the next page.