Sowing calendar of vegetables for seedlings 2020


Experiments with varieties and the desire to grow a good crop of vegetables make gardeners forget about rest immediately after the winter holidays. Already in January, the seedling season begins - a period of responsible and very exciting work. And although the main months for planting seedlings of vegetable crops are March and April, in January it is time to start preparing, and with illumination, the first crops. Growing your own seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, eggplant and cabbage requires a careful selection of planting dates and studying the characteristics of plants. And the best helper in planning seedlings is the sowing calendar of vegetables for seedlings 2020.

Sowing calendar of vegetables for seedlings 2020

Read also our Lunar calendar of garden works for 2020.

How to use the planting calendar?

The start of the growing season for vegetable seedlings should not depend on the availability of favorable days or desires, but on opportunities. For early harvest, January and February sowing is preferable (especially if seedlings are grown for greenhouses and greenhouses). But the objective ability to provide small shoots with everything necessary for healthy development is much more important than any time frame.

Seedling of vegetables requires good bright lighting and controlled temperatures, careful care and protection from any extremes. And if there is no opportunity to provide them, it is better to postpone sowing. The safest months are the "average" - March and April.

Particular caution in choosing the timing of planting seeds of vegetable crops for seedlings should be observed in regions with severe winters. After all, with climate changes this spring has to wait a long time. The calendar for planting vegetables shows the dates and dates recommended for the middle lane. For northern regions and warmer climatic conditions, it is necessary to take into account local characteristics and shift the sowing dates 2-3 weeks later or earlier, respectively.

For any plants, the optimal timing should be calculated individually - taking into account the duration of the growing season, the characteristics of the variety, and the manufacturer's recommendations.

Pay attention also to our special project Secrets of growing healthy seedlings.

Sowing calendar for January 2020

What to plant on seedlings in January?

A snowy and festive January is the month when you can begin to plan crops and, finally, sow the earliest vegetables. This is the main month for planting celery and a very important period for fans of the incomparable leek. They simply cannot be grown in a seedling-free manner where winters are frosty and long.

In January, with the possibility of constant exposure, the following is sown:

  • late and slowly growing varieties of vegetables for greenhouses with the longest growing season;
  • vegetables for growing in pots and containers.

The main vegetable of January is not accidentally called celery. With a very long growing season, it requires extremely early sowing and considerable patience. But your own fragrant and such an indispensable crop in a healthy diet is worth the work in January. Celery can be sown throughout the month, but the middle and end of January are considered the most favorable.

January vegetable can be considered leek. True, favorable lunar cycles for this perennial onion crop, the crop of which has to wait so long, fall only in the first decade of January. Sowing leeks is better in individual containers.

If you are lucky enough to have a greenhouse, or you plan to build greenhouses, it is in January that you can sow the first seedlings for the early harvest of almost all your heat-loving pets. Tomatoes, physalis, peppers, eggplant, zucchini, new varieties peking and kale if desired, can be sown in the last days of January or in the first decade of the month - from January 3 to 9. In January, middle and late varieties are traditionally sown.

Sweet potato It is possible to plant for reproduction and obtaining sprouts from January 16 to 23. The same period is favorable for germination on seedlings potato and sowing seeds of elite varieties.

Also in January, do not forget about several trifles important for growing seedlings of vegetables at home:

  • This month is ideal for checking seed germination;
  • while there is time, you can clean up the seed fund and collection, study catalogs and evaluate the recommendations of other gardeners;
  • this is the best month for stratification and other long-term seed treatment.

How to care for seedlings in January?

January is the month when the chances of losing crops from the black leg and other fungal infections are very high. The combination of unstable temperatures and humidity in low light is critical. In January, seedlings need to be watered gently. Any waterlogging can turn into a disaster for seedlings.

The temperature in January is worth watching. Sudden jumps, drafts, inaccurate ventilation, proximity to radiators or opening window sashes are high-risk factors.

The key to caring for seedlings of vegetables in January is backlighting. Insufficient daylight hours requires placing crops on the brightest window sill and additionally lighting up to prevent stretching. In January, usually the entire seedlings are illuminated with phytolamps at least a few hours a day.

Work with seeds and seedlings in January on the lunar calendar

Type of workAuspicious daysBad days
Seed soaking1, 5, 6, 9-11, 16-19, 27-2910, 24, 25, 26
Tillage and soil preparation4, 5, 6, 10, 13, 24, 30, 31
Picking sprouts13, 14
Top dressing1, 5, 6, 9-11, 18, 19, 22-24, 27, 28
Watering1, 5, 6, 9-11, 16-19, 22, 23, 27-29
Seedling hardening20-29
Landing1, 5, 6, 9, 11, 16-19, 22, 23, 27-29
Celery is the main vegetable of January.

Sowing calendar for February 2020

What to plant on seedlings in February?

This is a kind of transitional month. Usually, the third decade of February is used to start active crops, which is considered the official start of the period of planting vegetables, not only for closed crops. February is the month of sowing seedlings of late varieties of some southern favorites and those vegetable crops that either sprout slowly or grow slowly.

Throughout February, a period favorable for planting heat-loving leeks and celery seedlings continues. Stem and root celery in February you can sow on the 6th, 7th or in the second decade of the month. For leek the most favorable are considered the beginning and end of the month - February 1-7, February 26-28.

During February, due to the frequent change of conditions, it is necessary to carefully monitor the stretching of celery seedlings. Since the seeds germinate slowly, it is better to carry out pre-planting treatment - soaking in warm water with the addition of a growth stimulant.

Tomatoes most often begin to be sown in February. It should be borne in mind that it will be necessary to start planting in the soil 2 months after the emergence of seedlings. For greenhouses, varieties with long vegetation are sown 1-7 numbers. The sowing of late varieties and all large-fruited tomatoes, the vegetation period of which lasts more than 100 days, begins at the end of the month. The most favorable days are from February 26 to 28. On the same days, you can sow and physalis.

Possessing a long growing season and quite slow in development eggplantsown at the end of February, will allow to achieve much earlier crops. But this month, you need to sow eggplant carefully: in individual containers, without picking or with a very large distance between the seeds, allowing plants to be transferred without root injury.

The main seedlings for growing in greenhouses and hotbeds of all heat-loving vegetables can be sown at the end of the month. The last days of a leap February are perfect for sowing sweet pepper, chili and decorative hot peppers for growing in pots. When sowing in February, it is better to treat pepper seeds with a weak solution of growth stimulants. This month, seeds are best sown without picking - in individual containers or cassettes.

Sowing is becoming more and more popular. black onions seedlings, which allows you to get large heads in the fall. For seedlings, Dutch onion varieties are used, which form bulbs in the first season. Onion seedlings are unpretentious, but require a lot of space and patience, because the sprouts are very weak at first. Sowing chernushka onions can be carried out from mid-February.

You can sow seedlings for a greenhouse in February cucumbers. For sowing in the last week of February, select varieties from which you will have to wait for the harvest the longest or varieties with unknown characteristics. Many gardeners prefer to experiment with cucumbers in February, and in March leave the most “proven” varieties.

For all kinds cabbage, especially early white-headed, as well as for kohlrabi and Brussels sprouts in February, you can use favorable days at the beginning and end of the month. But broccoli or cauliflower is best sown for seedlings in the second half of February. If desired, in the last days of the month you can even sow seedlings squash, squash and squash for the greenhouse.

Sweet potato, Jerusalem artichoke and potatoes planted on seedlings and germination for propagation from February 12 to 20. In the middle of the month you can sow seeds potatoto get a full harvest next year.

For seedlings chard, chicory, sorrel and spinach in February, the third decade is more suitable. All classic and unusual varieties are sown at the same time. basilica, which for early harvest in greenhouses and greenhouses can be grown in seedlings.

Also read our material 10 rules for the successful cultivation of tomato seedlings in the apartment.

How to care for seedlings in February?

Caring for seedlings of vegetables in February is not much different from January. This month, it's also worth monitoring the lighting. All signs of a lack of light need to be compensated in time, and plants should be placed on the brightest window sills in the house. Additional illumination is the best prevention of problems with diseases and pests. Like regular ventilation, daily removal of shelter from containers with crops to prevent accumulation of excessive moisture.

If the seedlings are still pulled out and there were mistakes in the irrigation, you can add perlite, sand or a disinfected substrate to the seedlings, creating a mulching effect.

Top dressing this month is still undesirable. Care actually comes down to gentle hydration. Only early January crops may require the formation of pinching tops.

Work with seeds and seedlings in February, according to the lunar calendar

Type of workAuspicious daysBad days
Seed soaking1-3, 6, 7, 12-15, 23-25, 28, 299, 21, 22, 23
Tillage and soil preparation1, 2, 9, 11, 26
Picking sprouts12, 13, 19, 20
Top dressing1-3, 6, 7, 14, 15, 19, 20, 23-25, 28, 29
Watering1-3, 6, 7, 9, 12-15, 19, 20, 24-25, 28, 29
Seedling hardening19-29
Landing1-3, 6, 7, 12-15, 19, 20, 24-25, 28-29
Tomatoes most often begin to be sown in February.

Sowing calendar for March 2020

If you miss time in March and do not prepare for a dive, do not stock up on substrate and everything you need, in April there may not be enough time for basic care. This month, you should write down information in time and streamline the entire collection of seedlings. After all, the more seedlings grow, the easier it is to get confused in the varieties. Plates and tags, notes and labels are the best helpers.

What to plant on seedlings in March?

The main vegetable month is an unconditional favorite of all heat-loving vegetables, without exception. Both tomatoes, and peppers, and eggplant love the March sowing, and plants are much easier to care for.

Tomatoes in March require careful planning. Indeed, according to the lunar calendar, it is better to sow them either at the beginning of the month - from March 1 to March 6, or at the end - from the 25th to the 31st. Varieties are best selected for the duration of the growing season, height and early maturity. In March, tomatoes are sown not only for greenhouses and hotbeds, but also for open ground. Determinant varieties are best sown at the beginning of the month, high varieties at the end.

Eggplant - also lovers of the March crops. If you postpone their sowing at a later date, then the crop will have to wait too long. This month, eggplant is sown either in the first decade or in the last 5 days. When caring for seedlings, remember that photophilia is one of the main features of this culture. Daylight hours should be maintained at 12 hours.

Hot Peppers in March it is better to sow in the first or third decade. The beginning of the month is ideal for all large-fruited varieties of peppers, as well as salad varieties with juicy, thick pulp. And here is the sowing paprika can be postponed to a later date.

For growing in greenhouses in March, seedlings begin to be sown cucumbers. Early March sowing allows you to get abundant crops in June. Of course, the choice is best made in favor of varieties that are more suitable for indoor use.

In March, they begin to sow early varieties of white cabbagetrying to use favorable days in the middle of the month. For cultivation in a greenhouse in March, you can sow all types kale, broccoli, cauliflower, Beijing cabbage.

For all root crops, including late germination for seedlings sweet potatosowing root parsley and celery, the most favorable in March will be the second decade. If sowing seedlings beets, then after a month, your favorite root crop can be transferred to the soil of a greenhouse or greenhouse.

Leek you can still have time to sow seedlings in the first half of the month. The first decade is the only favorable period for sowing seeds onions, and chives, as well as other decorative and edible species of onions. In the second half of March sown on seedlings basil, chard other stem and leafy vegetables.

If you grow through seedlings pumpkin or zucchinilove to speed up gourds and other vegetables, then sow in the last decade of March. When growing ripe pumpkins and squash, sowing is carried out 35-40 days before the date of planting in the greenhouse.

Read also our article Pepper - we grow seedlings according to the rules.

How to care for seedlings in March?

New crops need to be combined with active care for growing seedlings, picking seedlings and providing plants with everything necessary. In March, you need to remember the need:

  • maintain optimal average soil moisture, protecting plants from drying out the soil, and from dampness;
  • monitor uniform lighting and timely rotation of plants;
  • to provide illumination on bad days;
  • monitor air temperatures (for seedlings that prefer coolness, allocate a separate place);
  • to start airing, on warm days - to take January and February crops to fresh air on protected balconies;
  • introduce dressing for peaked seedlings;
  • to form plants in time.

Work with seeds and seedlings in March, according to the lunar calendar

Type of workAuspicious daysBad days
Seed soaking4, 5, 6, 11, 12, 13, 14, 22, 23, 27, 289, 21, 22, 23
Tillage and soil preparation9, 15, 25, 26, 27, 28, 31
Picking sprouts11, 12, 17, 18
Top dressing1, 4, 5, 6, 13, 14, 17, 18, 22, 23, 27, 28
Watering1, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 22, 27, 28
Seedling hardening4-18, 27, 28
Greenhouse planting1, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 22, 27, 28

Sowing calendar for April 2020

What to plant on seedlings in April?

In April, any vegetables sprout much faster, and seedlings develop so actively that they need careful monitoring. This month you can sow not only vegetables with long vegetation, but also "early" vegetables, as well as all types of vegetables, which should give a crop closer to autumn.

In April, crops continue for all southern vegetables - tomato, physalis, peppers, at the beginning of the month spend the last crops eggplant with shortened vegetation periods. True, for tomatoes and pepper in April, the selection of early and early varieties is more relevant. For heat-loving vegetables, which they began to sow in March, the beginning of the month and the last week of April are suitable.But it is better to take advantage of any favorable day on the lunar calendar.

April - the month of the main sowing cabbage. All types of white cabbage, kohlrabi, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, Peking, pok-choi, leaf feces - there is plenty to choose from. In April, it is important to moisten the soil with plenty of water before sowing and soak the seeds (you can - contrast, in hot and cold water). The most favorable for all leafy and flowering cabbage is the middle and beginning of the month, and for the cabbage - the third decade.

Except the importance of sowing seedlings in April with cabbage can only cucumbers. They are most often sown precisely in April. Soaking and seed treatment speeds up the process of waiting for seedlings, and careful hydration and good lighting will allow for rapid growth.

If zucchini and Co. is grown through seedlings, then after warm processing and germination, the sowing of seeds is carried out in April. To accelerate development melons, squash, pumpkins and zucchini (harvesting an average of 3 weeks earlier), you can sow in individual containers for seedlings in the first decade or in the period from April 24 to 29.

Read also our article Growing Eggplant Seedlings.

How to care for seedlings in April?

This month, all attention should be focused on basic care for seedlings of vegetables and its three main components:

  • watering;
  • formation;
  • top dressing.

With vegetable seedlings, it is important to avoid any extremes. After all, both excess and insufficient watering, overfeeding and underfeeding are equally dangerous. Pinching and removing excess shoots control the future size of the plant. Hardening, if it was not started in March, should start this month.

Work with seeds and seedlings in April, according to the lunar calendar

Type of workAuspicious daysBad days
Seed soaking1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, 18, 19, 23, 24, 28, 299, 19-21, 23, 24
Tillage and soil preparation5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 18, 20, 21, 25, 26
Picking sprouts13, 14
Top dressing1, 2, 9, 10, 13, 14, 18, 19, 23, 24, 28, 29
Watering1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 18, 19, 24, 28, 29
Seedling hardening1-13, 18-29
Landing in greenhouses, hotbeds1, 2, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 18, 19, 24, 28, 29
April is the month of the main seeding of cabbage.

Sowing calendar for May 2020

What to plant on seedlings in May?

May is considered not a month of sowing seedlings, but a month of hardening and preparation for planting in the soil. But while you have to wait for the end of May to carry seedlings into the ground, you can catch the seedlings of early and early ripening varieties and vegetables with a short growing season.

Crops for seedlings in May do not include as many "points" as in previous months. This month (preferably in early May), you can continue sowing early white, leaf and cauliflower.

To accelerate vegetation in the first decade of May, you can also sow cucumbers, zucchini, squash, pumpkin and all melons. Sowing for these plants is carried out in individual containers. May crops for seedlings will allow to achieve flowering and harvest 2-3 weeks earlier.

For planting seedlings of all vegetables sown in previous months, the days favorable for working with plants are used. When choosing planting dates, it is necessary to take into account the degree of cold resistance of plants and carefully check the recommendations for a specific variety and species.

Read also our article Your cucumbers already in May, or 7 secrets of early cucumbers.

How to care for seedlings in may?

The hardening of plants comes first in May. Removal to fresh air, gradual accustoming to the conditions of the garden and the vagaries of the weather, lowering the general temperature of the content will harden the seedlings of vegetables before planting and increase endurance and adaptive abilities.

In May, you should not make mistakes with watering and weaken the plants before they are planted in the soil, but top dressing should be limited to the minimum.

Organizational chores and preparation for planting and transporting plants need to be given no less time than care.

Work with seeds and seedlings in May, according to the lunar calendar

Type of workAuspicious daysBad days
Seed soaking4, 5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 25, 267, 12, 13, 14, 21, 22
Tillage and soil preparation2, 3, 6, 7, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 27
Picking sprouts11, 12, 20, 21
Top dressing1, 6, 7, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 25, 26
Watering4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 20, 25, 26
Seedling hardening1-26
Landing in greenhouses, greenhouses, soil4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 20, 25, 26

Sowing calendar for June 2020

What to plant for seedlings in June?

In the first calendar month of summer, seedlings are not sown for seedlings - except for the ripening vegetables or salads for transfer to containers and pottery gardens. This is the main month for transplanting seedlings into the soil, when open ground conditions in the middle lane allow finding a permanent place even for the most heat-loving species.

Planting seedlings in June is better to complete in the first decade, without waiting for the hottest temperatures. Of course, for thermophilic plants, you need to wait for the period when the threat of return frosts disappears.

If you plan to replace vegetables in the greenhouse with new ones, then for the early ones that have begun bearing fruit - tomato, cucumbers, peppers or stem vegetables and cabbage - In June, crops can be carried out for "replacement". In June, vegetables are sometimes sown for seedlings, which are planted in the soil only in the middle and end of summer - including Chinese and kale, chicoryadoring the cold autumn months.

How to care for seedlings in June?

Both before and after transplanting into the soil, seedlings require enhanced care. Already adult plants, ready to move to a new place, are more sensitive to soil moisture. After transplanting, for quick adaptation, protect the seedlings from the sun and do not let it suffer from drought.

Work with seeds and seedlings in June, according to the lunar calendar

Type of workAuspicious daysBad days
Seed soaking1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 12, 13, 17, 18, 21, 22, 23, 28, 29, 305, 9, 10, 11, 20, 21
Tillage and soil preparation5, 6, 9, 10, 15, 17, 18, 19, 25, 27
Picking sprouts7, 8, 17, 18, 26, 27
Top dressing3, 4, 7, 8, 12, 13, 17, 18, 21, 22, 23, 30
Watering1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 29, 30
Seedling hardening1-30
Landing, greenhouses1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 12, 13, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 29, 30

Dear readers! Using the sowing calendar when growing vegetable seedlings and focusing on favorable days for sowing, always take into account the climatic features of your region and the varietal qualities of the plants.