Passion for orchids is rightly called a very special field of floriculture. These amazing plants are so unique in their growth form, and in the type of rhizome, and in terms of requirements, that reckoning them with ordinary flowering crops would be a real crime. Among orchids there is a huge number of both the most hardy and unpretentious, specially adapted to room conditions, and very capricious, able to grow only in greenhouses or special windows of beautiful women. For those who are just getting acquainted with these exotic stars, it’s pretty hard to find out what exactly a particular orchid needs and decide to replenish their collection with tropical stars. And there can only be one recommendation - start small.Orchid Phalaenopsis.
Those for whom the words "pseudobulb", "aerial roots", "epiphytes" and other concepts that invariably accompany indoor orchids seem unfamiliar, should first study the basic features of these plants. Do not immediately strive to become the owner of a huge collection of orchids, even if you have such an opportunity. It is better to get acquainted with one single flower and, observing it for some time, carefully caring and studying, to figure out whether you are ready to take responsibility for exotic beauties from among the most valuable indoor plants. The following tips will help you understand the basics in the basics of orchid care:
Tip 1. Choose wisely, or start small
If you are just starting to get involved in orchids and despite being enchanted by the beauty of inflorescences, you are afraid to have such a beautiful woman because of the difficult care, start with the most non-capricious representatives of the family. Familiarity with orchids is best to start with disease-resistant and standard in their requirements varieties and species. For beginners in matters of orchid cultivation, phalaenopsis are best suited. Malay flowers or butterfly orchids stand out not only for their amazing longevity. These orchids are really easy to care for and it is best to learn how to handle all of these amazing plants.Orchid phalaenopsis pink hybrid.
Tip 2. Soft light - the key to the beauty of orchids
Choose the right illumination for the orchid. These tropical flowers in indoor conditions belong to photophilous cultures, but they do not tolerate direct sunlight. The flowers and leaves of orchids, and especially transparent pots, if orchids are grown in special containers and belong to species capable of photosynthesis, should not be exposed to the sun. Orchids should be placed at those windows that look west or east. The most shade-tolerant of all orchids are just the phalaenopsis, which can come to terms with the conditions of the windows of the northern orientation.Orchid Phalaenopsis Tzu Chiang Balm.
Tip 3. Smart watering orchids
The love of orchids and their tropical origin should not mislead you. In most cases, orchids are enough to water about once a week. It is better to water the orchid by immersion in water or by the method of showering, while the first method is much easier and more reliable. A pot of orchid is immersed in a container with rain or other soft water so that the substrate is well saturated with moisture (no more than 20-30 minutes). If you are lucky and your tap water is not hard and suitable for taking care of indoor plants, then you can even turn the plants under the tap or soak an earthen clod with a shower, but remember that the water should never be cold. As soon as the water completely saturates the substrate, carefully remove the container on a stand or pan and let all excess water drain (it should not stagnate around the roots of orchids and remain in the pan).Orchid Phalaenopsis Hybride weiß gefleckt.
Tip 4. Nutrition = Growth
Without exception, all orchids need a sufficiently high concentration of fertilizers in the soil. For these crops, you can only use special fertilizers designed for orchids and you need to make them only with water for irrigation. For phalaenopsis and other disease-resistant and unpretentious orchids, it is enough to feed 1 time per month or every 3 weeks in a standard dose or 2 times a month with a half-reduced amount of fertilizer. Fertilizing is done not throughout the year, but in the months of active development.Orchid phalaenopsis yellow.
Tip 5. Careful, but meticulous transplant
Orchids need to be transplanted on average every 2 years. These plants must be handled very carefully, because the roots are easily injured and break off. The substrate is completely replaced. Orchids need special soil mixtures for these types of plants, consisting of coarse parts of the bark, moss and other useful components. Before planting, you need to carefully inspect the plant and remove all soft, damaged, dry areas, treating the cuts with charcoal. Orchids are not buried, they are carefully placed on a mound on the bottom of the pot, and then fill the empty space with a substrate. If you are afraid of damaging the rhizome of an orchid during transplantation, ask your associate florist who already knows how to handle orchids to assist you with the first procedure. After the procedure, do not water the plant for at least 3 days, and renew feeding only after a month.Phalaenopsis rider.
Tip 6. Without control of the temperature of flowering orchids can not be achieved
In order for the orchids to bloom, they need cool conditions, in particular, the temperature at night during the preparation for flowering should drop to at least 15-18, and ideally up to 12-15 degrees. About the specific time of the transfer to the dormant stage and the indicators necessary for your orchid, you must definitely clarify the information when buying, because each variety has its own specific characteristics and "habits". But just providing cool conditions for orchids will not be enough. A contrast must be observed between daytime and nighttime temperature: at night, the air temperature in the room where the orchid is standing should fall by an average of 4-5 degrees relative to daytime.Orchid phalaenopsis mariae.
Tip 7. Cropping is not like everyone else
If you have chosen phalaenopsis for acquaintance with orchids, then correctly prune wilted inflorescences on the plant. In phalaenopsis, new peduncles will develop not only at the base of the stem, but also from the eye of a sleeping bud on the shoot. Therefore, wilted inflorescences are not completely removed, but approximately half, above the second or even third eye. If you are afraid to make a mistake, it is better to leave the shoots completely after flowering: you can cut off the tops after new shoots appear or as they dry out, removing only the dried tops.