Florariums are one of the most spectacular ways of landscaping the interior. Decorative, impeccable in appearance, requiring minimal care, but at the same time bringing us closer to nature, like classical plants, these gardens in glass vessels conquer more and more flower growers and designers. And although decorative elements in florariums of any format are no less important, plants still remain the "soul" of mini-terrariums. For such compositions, they really should be special - expressive, vibrant and stylish.
For general information about the types of florariums, the basic principles of their creation, read the material: Terrariums for plants, or Florariums.
The diversity of the inhabitants of the florarium
Florariums, combining so many different areas of phytodesign and acting as a symbiosis of the art of growing plants with the art of decorating, can be very different in size and in the possibilities of growing indoor plants in them. After all, florariums, in which only one single star is planted, and full-fledged imitations of natural landscapes, which use complex compositions from species that are similar in requirements, are equally popular, and landscape terrariums are not inferior to decorative varieties. All florariums are equally beautiful: for each there is a special and unique option.
The possibilities of planting a large number of plants in the florarium are limited primarily by the size of the container itself. If we are talking about today's fashionable mini-florariums, the size of which is limited by the ability to place a vegetable terrarium on a coffee table or tabletop, in the interior of the interior without violating the possibilities of its use, then usually they use from one to 3 plants, with rare exceptions - 5 cultures. Large florariums - flower showcases and huge aquariums with plants - allow you to grow dozens of species, but they require a special place, scrupulous care, and special climate control, giving way today in popularity to much more compact terrariums in decorative vessels. The main condition for success is that cultures should be proportional to capacity, relate to it, have a beautiful silhouette and details, since plants in the florarium will literally be viewed from all sides and all the imperfections of the greenery or shape will immediately catch your eye. The maximum size of plants for the florarium is usually limited to 20 cm (larger crops can only be used if they can be cut). When choosing compositions, they carefully study not only decorative characteristics, but also plant preferences for the soil, lighting, humidity and care requirements: for “neighbors” in the florarium, all parameters must match.
The question of choosing the number of plants and the correct combination of them among themselves is important from a purely practical point of view. But when arranging florariums, one should not forget about aesthetics - the search for the most expressive cultures. To solve the problem of creating the most attractive composition is necessary, based not only on your own tastes and preferences. The view of the terrarium imposes no less restrictions on the assortment of plants that can be used in it. In accordance with the division of all terrariums into wet tropical and dry desert-mountainous ones, all crops suitable for decorating plant terrariums are also divided into two groups:
- Moisturizing plants that require stable or high humidity not only the substrate, but also air.
- Succulents and cacti that are content with minimal resources.
Plants for the florarium do not have to be indoor. They can either be transferred from ordinary pot culture or hydroponics to florariums, or to search for new species among plants that are now used in pet shops for decorating paludariums. Of course, you can use plants that grow in the wild (for example, in the forest you can look for original species of moss and ferns). But cultural species are preferable even in the process of choosing mosses, otherwise you will have to make a lot of efforts to combat pollution and, accordingly, to disinfect the "wild" inhabitants of the florariums.
Plants for tropical terrariums
In wet terrariums, not classical, but special, difficult to grow plants are used that require specific conditions. Moreover, not all plants with which you can recreate the forest landscape are moody and cannot grow in ordinary rooms. But all crops for wet terrariums have one thing in common: they love high humidity and require very careful care in a pot culture. To avoid it or recreate an ideal environment, they are recommended to be grown most often in closed terrariums. And some exotics may even require the installation of climate control systems. Such florariums are more difficult to arrange and care because of the choice of plants, but they are also an excellent simplifying solution for those who dream of exotics and especially rare cultures, which can be provided with everything necessary in the terrarium.
Among the 10 most popular indoor plants for decorating wet florariums include:
Asplenum, mnogoryadnik, pteris, adiantum are good both on their own, and in the company of mosses, and as a background for other plants, and as an openwork addition to more densely growing tropical crops. Carved ways of ferns in the florarium surprise not only with a lace pattern, but also with the beauty of the silhouette of each leaf, they adorn the composition with some special airiness, which is not so easy to evaluate when grown in pots.Ferns in the Terrarium
Most often, a classic sphagnum is chosen for florariums, creating a dense and very bright coating. But the wet florarium is suitable for mosses of different species, which can be found in any pet store and aquarium department, and the choice is not limited either by the degree of "curly" or by color (except for classic greens, you will even find mosses with "metallic" effects). But it will be possible to grow mosses in florariums only if constant humidity and rather damp conditions are maintained in it. It is also advisable to use acidic soil, which must be poured over a common substrate. But mosses are perfectly combined with most other hygrophilous plants.Moss in the terrarium
The brightest in the colors of the patterns is the appearance of decorative foliage plants for florariums. Crotons are known to most florists as rather large plants, but in addition to varieties with massive leathery leaves, there are more compact varieties with narrower and finer greens (the name of such varieties almost always contains "dwarf"). The color does not suffer from size reduction: bright yellow, red, orange in a variety of variations of spots, veins and “washouts” turn each plant into a colorful color miracle.Croton in the terrarium.
A charming representative of ancient walkers, famous primarily for their compact size. But for the florariums, selaginella is ideal not only because of the ease of control: it adores high humidity and only in the terrarium fully reveals its beauty. Openwork and dense at the same time, its greenery looks filigree and fascinates with its complex structure. And against the background of decorative soil, the beauty and shape of the selaginella are revealed from a completely new perspective.Selaginella in the terrarium
They boast an enviable variety. If the most popular species are “reconciled” with room conditions, the more rare species require a very specific environment. And the easiest way to grow capricious orchid species is in the florarium. Of course, you can mix orchids with other plants, but most often they are grown either in the company of brothers, or in splendid isolation. Florariums with orchids are called in a special way - orchidariums. They require the installation of life support systems, heating and ventilation, but few other landscaping methods can compare with them in prestige and beauty.Orchids in the terrarium.
They are often called the main tiny decoration of window sills and are usually associated with potted culture. But they also look great in florariums, where stable conditions of moderate humidity make it possible to achieve a unique plentiful flowering. And their touching flowers, in the company of stone chips, decor, and other plants, all seem like a precious accent.Saintpaulia, or uzambar violets in a terrarium
Unlike alocasia, this plant looks very friendly. This bushy miracle, unique in its unpretentiousness in florariums, loving stable moisture, is rightfully considered one of the best decorative and deciduous species. For florariums, ground cover species of Fittonia and the most compact varieties are used. The soft, velvety, somewhat reminiscent of mint, oval-ovoid leaves of Fittonia are decorated with a thin pattern-network of colored veins that turn each plant into a luxurious decoration of any florarium. Playing on the texture, fittonia blends perfectly with decorative materials, with other plants with simple coloring of leaves and decorative elements. And several different varieties of Fittonia in one florarium look amazing at all. This is the main plant for playing with tissue effects in wet florariums. But it has a drawback - Fittonia will need regular access to fresh air.Fittonia in the terrarium
These are not at all typical inhabitants of florariums. Moody, but such beautiful plants with unusual butterfly flowers and very beautiful leaves, are now available for sale in both classic and mini varieties. The latter open up completely new possibilities for the design of florariums, since cyclamens under such conditions can literally bloom for almost the entire year. They are perfectly combined with all decorative and deciduous plants, as if they crown the composition with a bright spot of numerous and very elegant flowers.Cyclamen in the terrarium
Rhododendrons are transformed in the florarium. Getting a more stable environment, they conquer both with a more saturated color of charmingly dense glossy leaves, and with longer and more abundant flowering. For florariums use miniature varieties of indoor azaleas. Especially effective in such compositions are rhododendrons formed in the form of a deciduous tree.Rhododendron or Azalea
Alocasias are variegated favorites that allow you to bring not only beautiful patterns, but also daring lines to the design of florariums. Dark heart-shaped leaf plates are decorated not only with a pointed tip, but also with an unusual carved edge, and contrasting, almost graphic thick veins give the plant an almost flashy severity. And although these plants are quite large, today there are also compact varieties not higher than 30 cm on sale.Alocasia in the terrarium
If you wish, you can decorate a florarium with a humid environment and other bright plants. Today it is easy to find a compact Dieffenbachia with bright white-green colors. Velvet leaves and dazzling red flowers will shine in the florarium. And the representative of exotic bromeliad gusmania, which in the florarium looks like an exotic bird, will reveal its beauty in a new way. Like a relative unlike her, a cryptanthus with star-shaped colorful leaves, a groundcover growing with beautiful cushions of salt, miniature begonias, calamus so suitable for moist landscapes, a modest and hardy saxifrage, and openwork asparagus. Often used in the design of a dwarf and a very "obedient" plant - creeping ficus (Ficus pumilaм) with its rounded leaves up to 1 cm in diameter on flexible creeping shoots, miniature ivy, philodendrons, epipremma, terrarium living conditions that adore indoor predators (sundew, fly fly) , sarracenia), etc.
Crops for desert and mountain terrariums
The simplest terrariums in arrangement - dry ones - would not be so popular if it were not for the simplicity of caring for the unique plants that are used in them. For such terrariums, not only plants are selected that will help to recreate desert or mountain landscapes, but also only those crops that tolerate dry conditions perfectly, do not require high humidity, can grow literally with minimal care. Hardy and amazingly viable, such plants allow you to create decorative compositions that require very rare watering. The assortment of crops suitable for making dry florariums is not as diverse as the choice of plants for tropical terrariums. But among them you can find original forms, and unusual colors, and a unique personality.Terrarium with succulents.
The TOP 10 drought tolerant plants for dry terrariums include:
Cacti (prickly pear, rebutia, echinopsis, notocactus, etc.) in the florarium fully retain their ability to live in almost completely dry conditions. Against the background of correctly selected decor, the beauty of their silhouettes and patterns of thorns is revealed in a new way, and in complex compositions cacti never seem boring or ordinary. Their presence gives any florarium similarity to desert landscapes with minimal effort to imitate. But even in purely decorative florariums, cacti look no worse.Cacti in the terrarium
Young - a legendary stone rose, which even in the garden can effectively decorate a rocky landscape, and in terrariums it will also look great (in imitating desert and mountain) dry compositions. This is one of the most hardy plants that can survive in extreme conditions. Dense leaves, collected in complex, and really reminiscent of flowers, rosettes look surprisingly ornamental, and the purple tips of the leaves and the play of colors only add charm to the younger generation.Young in the terrarium.
As it was young, this succulent flaunts flower-like dense rosettes of leaves. But they are much more juicy and massive than the young, and the color of the plant due to the gray-silver fringe seems completely different. In Echeveria, a classic meaty succulent from the Tolstyankov family is easily guessed. She looks very neat and almost perfect, and in the florariums all the advantages of a boring potted plant are fully revealed.Echeveria in the terrarium
Agave succulent with a completely different character. Like her wild ancestors, this beauty - the plant is outwardly quite aggressive, in the florariums it creates a feeling of impregnability and "pricklyness". She alone is able to recreate the charm of the landscapes of the Mexican prairies. The leaves of the plant are also collected in rosettes with a symmetrical pattern, but their shape does not at all resemble the “tile” of young or echeveria. Dense, fleshy, lanceolate, elongated, with a sharp edge, the leaves are decorated with thorns and spikes and flaunt gray-bluish shades of green colors, and sometimes - the original border or stripe.Agave in the terrarium.
Aloe is the most classic, but far from the most boring type of succulents. In addition to ordinary aloe, which was previously found on almost every window sill and led to a long period of unpopularity of this plant, there are numerous other decorative species and varieties. Compact bright, with a diverse form of long, succulent leaves, different density of rosettes, reduced or full-fledged stems, decorative spikes, modern varieties of aloe are far from uniform. You can even choose according to the silhouette - from flat rosettes reminiscent of flowers and geometric fractals to almost sod bushes and trees. (To understand what fractals are, you can look at information about a cabbage of Romanesco species, very interesting). And all aloe are equally hardy and unpretentious.Aloe in the terrarium
Adromiscus is one of the most "strange" and special representatives of the Crassulaceae. Low-growing succulents with a short lying stalk, bright red airy roots became famous for their unusual round or triangular, juicy leaves of a bizarre shape. They resemble pebbles, then tuff, then lava pieces, then kidneys, then maces, or even various representatives of mollusks. The variety of adromiscus is great, all plants seem exotic and cause vivid associations, their color ranges from pale green to a variety of shades of purple and brick.Adromiscus in the terrarium.
Haworthia outwardly can easily pass for a relative of the agave. But it gives a dense surface and colorful colors on fleshy leaves in rosette hedgehogs. This is a miniature succulent, the collection of varieties of which in the West is often compared with fanaticism. This plant has more than 600 different species, and new varieties and forms appear annually. Different haworthias differ in appearance, but the most popular plants are familiar to everyone. Thick long lanceolate leaves with a pointed edge, dark color and a pattern of white transverse "stripes" consisting of warty tubercles form a classic symmetrical rosette. If you want to find original species, you can pay attention to haworthia, similar to young, arachnid, pink, lace varieties: their diversity will allow everyone to easily find their favorite look.Haworthia in the terrarium
The godfather became famous mainly due to one variety - today’s super-popular Senecio Rowley, whose leaves resemble green peas, and on the shoots they look like luxurious beads. Long thin shoots and some fragility in the florariums will not hurt, but they will allow you to effectively drape mini-landscapes, "take" the shoots outside the vessels and create unexpected transitions.The godson, or Senezio Rowley in a mini terrarium.
Kalanchoe can offer a considerable choice between classic flowering varieties, bright and dense inflorescences-shields of which will place unexpected spots in the florarium from succulents. But a flowering plant needs a cool dormant phase, and when grown in the florarium in compositions, it is impossible to organize it. But decorative foliage Kalanchoe with "ruffles" of miniature children along the edge of dense fleshy leaves is a completely different matter. Against the background of classical succulents, they always look pretentious aristocrats, somewhat prim, rather large and very interesting. Unlike most "rosette" competitors, such a Kalanchoe will form full-fledged bushes and add a game with height and silhouette to the composition.Kalanchoe in the terrarium
Malefora is a relatively unpopular succulent, but it was florariums that revived attention to it. Indeed, in dry compositions, malefora is not only a dense form of growth, but also the ability to bloom almost the whole year. Low-growing creeping shrubs, whose height does not exceed 20 cm, capable of producing long shoots are the main competitors of the godchildren. Leaves with mealy bloom, fused at the base, are most often linguate or spade, rather small. The flowers bloom one at a time, very bright, up to 4 cm in diameter, are typical inflorescences-baskets, slightly reminiscent of flowering cacti.Malefora.
It is worth paying attention to both classic fat women, including the legendary money tree, and Brazilian wild with an extremely unusual rosette of long, drooping serrated leaves, from which an elegant peduncle rises. Euphorbia is sometimes used in florariums, from euphorbia to rarer species, with their original “trunk” structure, quivering leaves and unusual developmental cycles. The most unusual rosettes, which outwardly seem like a rose flower, are formed by another rare succulent that looks great in desert florariums - green.