Rhododendrons fully justify their status as an elite shrub. Even the difficulties in growing these plants and strict soil requirements do not prevent them from being one of the most beloved flowering stars. Rhododendrons are good in corners with conifers and hedges, in front gardens and flower beds, as well as soloists and in groups. But the title of the most colorful way to use this oriental shrub in the gardens rightfully claims mono-flowers from rhododendrons - a bright and easy-to-care option for growing an entire collection of varieties.Rhododendrons on a flower bed from a single plant feel more comfortable than in complex decorative ensembles.
Advantages of Monocot from Rhododendrons
In recent years, mono-flowers - flower beds in which the focus is a single species of plants - are becoming more popular. The ceremonial composition, revealing all the advantages of a favorite garden plant, allows you to admire the unique flowering and fully appreciate all the advantages of a favorite. A new reading of sirengaria, iridaria, rosary, host flower garden allows you to break the coveted corner in any garden - and large, medium, and small area.
Flower beds from one plant are equipped, choosing different varieties and types of inimitable, fashionable and favorite garden plants. No exception - and one of the most beloved shrubs is rhododendron, whose lush flowering is difficult to eclipse with anything else.
Rhododendrons are deciduous and evergreen, amazingly diverse plants in terms of endurance, winter hardiness, and size. All rhododendrons are different, but at the same time they are strikingly similar. From miniature border rhododendrons, which they love to call azaleas, to gigantic species plants, there are plenty to choose from.
Even the most modest bush is always distinguished by its special flowering: the rhododendron inflorescences literally hide the bush underneath, turning the plant into a bright lace miracle. Each individual rhododendron flower can be considered endlessly, but abundant flowering and the overall effect are the main trump cards of this shrub.
There are many options for using rhododendrons in garden design. In most cases, significant characteristics are imposed by soil characteristics and site structure, because you cannot find a nook with acidic soil for rhododendron everywhere. Of course, the preliminary preparation of the soil partially solves any problem, and the correction of fertilizing allows you to compensate for the initial parameters of the soil, but it is much easier to grow rhododendrons in a separate corner with ideally suitable conditions, without scattering your efforts on dozens of places in the garden.
Rhododendrons on a flower bed from a single plant feel more comfortable than in complex decorative ensembles. The thing is that such a flowerbed is created specifically for the plant and provides for such conditions that fully comply with its requirements. On the flower bed of rhododendrons there will be no difficulties with the selection of neighbors that can grow in the same soil and the same lighting as the main shrub. The structure, composition, soil reaction, drainage, mulching - all this can be thought out when breaking down an individual flower garden.
A flower garden of rhododendrons is a chance to realize the dream of a collection of these plants. Even a small collection of species and varieties on one site will allow each plant to shine and enhance the attractiveness of a neighbor. The impression of the beauty of rhododendrons in the ensemble is amplified tenfold, on the monoclomb the very unique charm of rhododendrons is revealed in full.
The flower bed of rhododendrons can be constantly expanded and supplemented. For those gardeners who sincerely love this plant, growing a rhododendron in a flower garden allows you not to give up the temptation to replenish the collection every year. New varieties of your favorite rhododendrons can be planted on an already finished base of flower beds or periodically expand the flower garden at the expense of the adjacent territory, planting new plants on it.A flower garden of rhododendrons is a chance to realize the dream of a collection of these plants.
Selection of rhododendrons for a flower garden
For flower beds, the choice can be made according to two criteria. Usually the main guideline is an attempt to stretch the flowering of rhododendrons to four months. From the first to start genital rhododendron before Schlippenbach's rhododendron. From slow-growing hybrids and varieties multi-colored rhododendron to early grades Katevbinsky rhododendron and rhododendrons of the Yakushimans and stupidrelaying Japanese, bukhan and late large-leaved rhododendrons. There is something to “play” with the flowering dates.
The second criterion - height and color palette - allows you to combine rhododendron compositions of various sizes - from wild giants to dwarf varieties in the foreground. When compiling a flower garden with rhododendrons, it is imperative to observe a direct ranking of the height from high varieties in the background to low in the foreground (or from high in the center to low along the edges, if the beds are multilateral).
Choosing a color palette, you should avoid contrasts and prefer mutually reinforcing harmonious color combinations. Rhododendrons are watercolor plants, picturesque and vibrant. The selection of tones that combine with each other, perfectly complement each other, will reveal their character is much better than dazzling contrasts. There is another reason to rely on harmonious color combinations in the flower garden with rhododendrons: plants turn into a solid color spot, and excessive variegation will add dissonance and grudge.
For a small garden, subject to the selection of compact varieties of rhododendrons, you can use a composition of 5-7 plants.
For a rhododendron flower garden, it is advisable to use either seedlings in containers or plants dug up and transplanted from your own garden. To admire such a flower garden as early as next year, you need to choose adult plants of at least five years of age and old bushes. To achieve high decorativeness of a flower bed of young rhododendrons, you will have to wait about 5 years.To achieve high decorativeness of a flower bed of young rhododendrons, you will have to wait about 5 years.
Simple rules for arranging a bed of rhododendrons
Rhododendrons feel good in partial shade, in a quietly scattered light, in places where coolness, tranquility and high humidity reign. A flower garden with rhododendrons can be placed in the shade of garden giants - tall trees that will simulate a forest setting.
A flower garden with rhododendrons that create continuous plantings can be placed where there are suitable conditions. Usually it is tied to large trees - either placed between two trees, creating a flower garden, or create a flowerbed with a one-sided view, stretching from the border of the plot to the tree. So that such a flower garden does not conceal the space, but visually expands it, it is better to always place the border of the flowerbed behind a tree, as if continuing the flower garden by the trunk.
Preparing a future flower bed actually comes down to preparing the soil. First of all, you need to remove all the weeds and conduct a deep digging, digging the soil for a half or two bayonet shovels. Assessment of soil characteristics is an important step that will help to correctly adjust the conditions for this shrub. If we are talking about "average", high-quality garden soil, it is enough to add compost and peat to create a nutritious and acidic environment and a rough texture. On depleted soil, additional mineral fertilizers are additionally applied, and on heavy soil, loosening additives and sand are added. A large amount of plant organics and a rather coarse structure are optimal for rhododendron.
Arrangement of a flower garden does not require special tricks:
- Plants are laid out on the territory of the flower garden, observing the distances recommended when planting certain species and varieties.
- The future location of the bushes is planned, sketches are drawn to determine the color scheme and the plantings are adjusted, looking at them from a distance from different sides.
- For each bush, they dig a personal landing hole, given that the root system grows in breadth and for this bush, the landing holes should be spacious - from 60 cm in diameter.
- Seedlings are installed in the planting pits, adjusting the depth of the root neck. If the seedlings are dry, without leaves, old bushes are transplanted that show signs of stunting, you can trim them. For large plants, pruning after planting is also carried out to limit the size. Pruning on rhododendrons is carried out just above the sleeping buds located in the axils of the leaves.
- Planting pits are filled with a substrate and gently compact the soil.
- Around the bushes create watering recesses.
- Spend abundant watering of plants.
- After drying, the soil is mulched. For rhododendrons, the ideal mulch is considered to be crushed coniferous bark. But you can "close" the soil with soil protectors, a shady lawn or other materials that do not change the characteristics of the soil. Mulching should protect rhododendrons not only from drying out and loss of soil friability, but also from overheating.
Other plants on a bed of rhododendrons
A flower bed of rhododendrons is created exclusively from them. Other plants are brought there only at the forefront or as a knockout to create the effect of ceremonial fullness and impeccable beauty. Rhododendrons, over time, even with proper pruning, grow and close with their crowns, so continuous compositions with a bare front edge do not look too neat even when mulching.
Planting perennials on a flower bed with rhododendrons is better when the plants reach their optimal size, and not in the first years. Firstly, it is easier to avoid mistakes when choosing the distance and calculating the number of plants that can be added to the flower bed. And secondly, it’s easier to evaluate how much those other plants are needed and what species will help bring the image of the flower garden to perfection.
Among the crops that can be used to shape the leading edge of a rhododendron flower garden, ferns are the undisputed leaders. Carved foliage in neat rosettes adds a special touch and, as it were, knocks out plantings from rhododendrons with a lace edging. But the queen of the host’s shadow looks no worse as a partner, the selection of varieties of which allows you to play with optical effects and highlighting.
Also at the edge of the flower bed of rhododendrons, other perennials look great too:
- fragrant bedstraw;
- podophyllous rogers;
- primrose Japanese;
- trillium large-flowered;
- a canoe;
- hellebores black and eastern;
- Siberian iris;
- red-brown geranium;
- Highlander Serpentine;
- hyacinthoid spanish.
You can complement the composition with rhododendrons and astilbe, and Japanese anemones, and aquilegia - any plants that like acidic soil and partial shade are suitable. It is better to focus on the assortment of plants typical of other shading compositions, creating a kind of transition from a flower garden from rhododendrons to the rest of the garden.
If the flower bed of rhododendrons is located on a boring background, you can add shading plants to the background to it. Spectacular maples or derens, hazel, honeysuckle, lilac, willow, cypress, red oak, junipers or pine trees will help create an effective background for a colorful flower garden.