Garden ponds, like any other water bodies, it is impossible to imagine without plants. Water bodies are special, closed ecosystems with their unique balance and their own mores. Even regular ponds, surrounded by a strict parapet, still green. When water plants were first mentioned, luxurious water lilies were the first to come to mind. But they are just one of many hundreds of cultures with which you can decorate the water surface. Yes, and rather a rarity: most plants are much closer to the coastline than at great depths.Plants for ponds
Different depths - different plants
When they talk about aquatic plants and cultures, with the help of which they draw water objects, they always mean a narrow circle of quite specific moisture-loving crops. But the reservoir is also a special object because of the heterogeneity of conditions. There is no single group of “aquatic” plants, but there are cultures that are suitable for the design of different zones of a reservoir. Moreover, their list is not so great at a distance from the coast.
The choice of plants for the design of any water body is not an easy task. Unlike the design of flower beds or flower beds, and any other kind of decorative compositions, ponds require a special approach. When developing a unified design concept, each zone is designed separately according to those plants that can be planted in it. And when considering this or that enchanting culture, in the first place they always have in mind precisely the depth. This is a key parameter when choosing plants, which you cannot arbitrarily play with. The needs of plants in depth determine their use, and choice, and location. And it is precisely this need that must be precisely and implicitly followed. In contrast to the flower garden, where the choice of height and ranking errors are not critical, and sometimes desirable, errors in the selection of depth are unforgivable. Even a slight deepening or landing “aground” can lead to the death of a plant, a change in greenery, loss of ability to bloom, etc. Among the cultures that are used in the reservoir, universal plants that are able to settle in several zones at once and feel comfortable both in shallow water and on the shore. But there are not so many such plants, and almost always we are talking only about neighboring coastal zones.Decorative pond with aquatic plants
Garden ponds are very conditionally, but quite practical, divided into five zones. They differ in depth, conditions and the "set" of plants that can grow in them.
The first zone is deep water. Despite the name, it begins where the water layer is only 40 cm and includes all the other deepest sections of the pond. This zone is the only one that does not freeze in winter (assuming a total pond depth of 80 cm). In the deep water zone, only plants with floating or underwater leaves and shoots grow.
The second zone is shallow water. It includes a pond zone with a water depth of 10 cm to 40 cm. Only crops with hollow or tubular stems, including flowering crops, can settle here.
The third zone is the swamp. It starts from shallow water and ends with the edge of the coast, is unstable in depth due to fluctuations in water, ebbs and flows, but does not provide for deepening more than 10 cm. This zone is intended for most moisture-loving herbaceous perennials.
Fourth zone - wet lawn, or coastal zone. Here, the film does not isolate the soil from water, but there is no flooding, plants freely "breathe". Damp, constantly moist areas create specific conditions, but the absence of flooding allows you to expand the range of crops.
Fifth zone - the shore itself. It is protected from the reservoir by a film, water has practically no effect on soil conditions, it is considered similar to the usual conditions for growing cultivated plants. But you can plant here not quite ordinary garden crops.Water plants near the coastal zone of a decorative pond
Let's get acquainted with the plants that can be used to design each of the zones of the reservoir:
See the next page for a list of plants for different zones of the pond.