Blooming, bright, lushly decorated with colorful flowers balconies have long been one of the symbols of an unforgettable summer. But in the design of balconies it is not at all necessary to use only classic flyers. And to wait for the actual summer for proper landscaping is not always the best option. Varied, delightful, elegant and equally special bulbous flowers will happily settle not only in the garden or room, but also on the balcony at the very beginning of the season.Growing daffodils in flower pots on the balcony
Growing bulb flowers on balconies and loggias
Bulbous flowers on balconies and loggias delight with their bloom from March to July, covering the period when the main summer stars either can not cope with the cold, or are just starting their parade. Touching, elegant, graceful or bright, but always unique, bulbous do an excellent job of decorating balconies and loggias, creating a cozy atmosphere in the first warm spring months. They adorn the spring, allowing plenty to admire the long-awaited first flowers and compensate with their beauty for any vagaries of the weather.
Wonderful seasonal accents from bulbs are so dear to us in the gardens and interior that not many people think about the possibility of growing these plants either as a temporary decoration, but as a permanent resident of the houses. Meanwhile, cold-resistant bulbs will feel great on balconies and loggias. They are specially protected for the winter, but otherwise the cultivation is quite simple and similar to the strategy for garden plants. The same plants that cannot winter on the balcony can always find a place between petunias and lobelias; they are planted earlier in summer in pots and put on balconies.
For growing on balconies and loggias, you should choose not exotic, but well-known onion bulbs - cold-resistant, hardy and not capricious. Moreover, the choice is not at all limited to classical indoor plants - crocuses and hyacinths. In the design of balconies as permanent decorations, you can use the Scylla, and the spring, and Muscari, as well as the main spring favorites - daffodils with tulips.
You can try to grow other bulbs if they are cold-resistant. To decorate balconies, you can always use bulbs, digging for the winter - these are tigridia, eukomis, sprekelia and Co., which will become a star not only in the garden, but also in the balcony.
Bulbous plants on balconies and loggias also need annual digging. Regardless of whether they will winter on the balcony or not, after flowering is completed they are dug up and stored outside the soil, and then planted again.Growing spring bulbs on the loggia and balcony.
Planting dates for balconies
Those bulbs that cannot winter on the balcony, as well as new acquisitions, exotics or plants that you simply want to put on the balcony for decoration in spring, are better planted in pots in March-April.
Bulbs that you want to grow on the balcony all the time, leaving for wintering, cold-resistant plants that can winter in the open ground are planted at completely different times - in the fall. Moreover, the planting is also oriented, as well as for garden bulbs - depending on their type. But it affects the landing time and another important factor - the characteristics of your balcony. Indeed, on open or closed balconies, bulbous winters not only with different shelters, but also have to be planted at different times.
The earliest plantings on an open balcony (bulbs) should be well rooted and adapted before winter. The first landings are best done in early September. The first to plant crocuses and hionodoksa. In the second half of the month, muscari, daffodils, tulips and snowdrops are planted. But decorative bows and hyacinths are best planted only in early October.
On a closed balcony, landing should be postponed for 1 month, starting the first landings until early or mid-October and ending with the last landing in the first ten days of November.Growing hyacinths on the balcony
Features of planting bulbs for a balcony
When growing any bulbs on a balcony or loggia, observe the general rules for planting bulbs in containers. It is best to learn agricultural techniques for each plant species individually, but there are still general principles for planting.
- Bulb crops are always planted to a depth equal to three times the height of the bulb itself (counting from the bottom).
- Bulbs should not be planted too tightly, since the plant is not thrown out for more spectacular flowering, but it is preserved and grown from year to year, and for normal growth and development it is necessary to provide a sufficient amount of free soil. The landing distance is selected in accordance with the preferences and dimensions of a particular species. So, for crocuses the optimal distance is 5-6 cm, and for tulips - 10-12 cm.
- The substrate needs to be given more attention. For bulbous potted plants, light, loose, water-, breathable, and necessarily nutritious soil is selected. If you compose it yourself, then mix equal parts of sand, peat, turf and leafy soil. It is undesirable to use garden or garden soil, but if you want to save money or you have no choice, be sure to improve it by adding organic fertilizers, sand and peat.
- At the bottom of any container or container into which the bulbs are planted, a drainage layer must be laid. For bulbous plants, its minimum height is 5-6 cm.
- After planting, provide stable light moisture for rooting.
It is not necessary to plant only one onion in a container - they can be planted in groups and mixed together to create onion compositions. At the same time, the main principle of planting bulbous plants in pots is observed - tiered arrangement. Planting is carried out from large to small plants, given that such plants are planted at different depths and at different distances between bulbs.
The first to place tulips and daffodils, sprinkle them with soil and arrange the next tier of plants - hyacinths or muscari, and then - even smaller bulbs of primroses. But when planting different bulbs together, try not to forget about the individual approach and do not overly thicken the planting, leaving enough space for the normal development of roots and access to nutrients.Layout of flower bulbs in a container
Bulb Protection for the Winter
Plants that you do not plan to leave for the winter on the balcony or loggia, after withering, the greenery is dug up and stored in cool, dry conditions, focusing on the preference of each individual species. They are planted again in March-April.
The bulbs that you will leave on the balcony need protection. After all, even the most winter-hardy crops that withstand temperatures below 25 degrees below zero in the tanks will freeze even into light frosts. Winter protection for them should be very thorough. As with the landing, there is a difference in protection for balconies open and closed:
- On open, unprotected balconies, bulb containers are covered with a reliable air-dry method. For pots, boxes or boxes are selected, installing them inside on polystyrene foam or planks. All free space is filled with dry filler - sawdust, crumpled paper, shavings. The box is covered from above and, if necessary, covered with burlap or non-woven materials, bubble wrap or any available materials. The main task is to create a shelter like garden roses, only in a portable version.
- On closed, but unheated balconies, onions continue to be watered, preventing the soil from drying out completely. Capacities do not need the same protection, but still need to wrap them with insulation materials. All containers are wrapped in several layers of insulation materials, for example, non-woven materials, burlap, old knitted scarves or paper and must be placed on stands, preventing contact with the floor (on wooden planks, stands on legs or polystyrene foam).
An early but neat spring start
So that the bulbous, wintering on the balcony, bloomed earlier and adapted gradually to changes, the start of the balcony season should be in early March or even the end of February. Plants are freed from outer clothing, the first layers of shelter, literally, as soon as the air warms up a little and warms the sun. On days with a drop in temperature, the plants are wrapped up again. The coating is removed, as for garden plants, layer by layer, focusing on the weather.
Watering and feeding do not resume until the first sprouts appear. Then the onion is watered very carefully, gradually restoring the normal intensity of irrigation. Top dressing is carried out at first four times, and then twice with diluted fertilizers with a standard frequency.Growing spring bulbs on the loggia and balcony.
Excavation of balcony bulbs
After flowering ends, any bulbous plants begin to prepare for the dormant phase, necessarily reducing watering and gradually reducing it to minimal procedures until it stops. Top dressing is stopped completely at the peak of flowering. After the leaves turn yellow, they dig out the bulbs, dry them for several days in the air and clean them of roots and dry scales.
Until the next planting, they are stored in a dry, cool and dark place, and then planted at the same time - either again in containers or in the garden. Small-bulbous plants are not required to be dug up annually, unless they grow in pots along with other crops. But still it is more reliable for any species to conduct an annual excavation.