Today, the trend is experiments with non-banal combinations and non-standard colors in the garden. For example, plants with black inflorescences. All black flowers are original and specific, and it is important for them to be able to choose the right partners and location. Therefore, this article will not only introduce you to the assortment of plants with black aspidium inflorescences, but also teach you the intricacies of using such mystical plants in garden design.11 of the most beautiful black flowers, or A little mysticism in the garden.
Black flowers in the design of the garden
Of course, no living flower is truly black. Most often, the petals have such a deep shade of burgundy, purple or blue that under certain lighting conditions they appear almost black.
The motivation for choosing black flowers for the garden is different for each particular grower and designer. Considering that plants with black varieties are usually rare, for some, a similar flower will become a unique gem of the collection. Someone will bet on impressing guests and neighbors with such a curiosity. And someone just wants to add rigor or “mysticism” to their garden.
Black is very easy to combine with various colors and, depending on the color of the accompanying plants, can be perceived differently. For example, black-and-white combinations will look stylish and strict, yellow-black - expressively, black-red - solemnly, and black-blue sends us to mysticism.
It is highly discouraged to create an exclusively black flower garden, combining plants with aspidno-black flowers or foliage. The slightest wine or purple hue along the edge of the flower, which is most often found in "black" varieties, adds depth to black inflorescences and facilitates their combination with other plants.
The shading of the color of inflorescences in the flower garden looks much more spectacular: from flowers with almost black petals to burgundy, lilac and pinkish.
As for the location of the black flower gardens, first of all, of course, it depends on the exactingness of the selected plants to the sun. Of course, the need for lighting intensity for black flowers varies depending on the species, however, in any case, it is important to keep in mind that most flowers in black-black shades look best, at least in partial sun.
The black flower that grows in the shade seems like an inconspicuous dark spot. Black flowers open their charm only when contemplating near, in the distance, plants of aspidno-black flowers will simply be lost and will look like a gloomy massif.
The best place for black flower gardens is in the immediate vicinity of the recreation areas. By the way, from plants with black flowers you can also create potted compositions for balconies and terraces. For these purposes, annual plants in ink colors are suitable, for example, hybrid petunia (Black Velvet Debonair Black Cherry, Sophistica blackberry), nemophyllus "Ladybug", pion-shaped poppy "Black dragon", morning glory sweet potato with dark purple foliage, etc.
In vertical landscaping, black flowers can also be used. For example, almost black flowers have clematis "Dark Ice" from the Vititzella group. Some other varieties of clematis also differ in such a deep dark purple or dark purple color that they look really black.
An original cold-resistant plant called hellebore, or Winterman (Helleborus) will open the parade of black flowers in the garden. Large flowers up to 7 centimeters in diameter of a dark plum color have such varieties of hellebore as "Blue Lady" and Purpuraskens.Freezer "Double Ellen Purple".
Like most varieties of the winter hut, both varieties are distinguished by charming fluffy light green stamens that revive the flower, so it does not look too gloomy.
Elegant terry grade hellebore Double Ellen Purple evokes associations with a real lady in a black Empire style dress.
In floriculture, hellebore is valuable primarily because of its very early flowering, it occupies a niche, when nothing is blooming in the garden and little is pleasing to the eye. These hardy plants are evergreens and tolerate shady dry places where little can be grown.
However, if you plant hellebore in fertile land and regularly water it, soon a small bush will turn into a curtain covered with original black inflorescences. When growing hellebore in the garden, it is important to take into account that the plant is poisonous.
2. Hazel grouse
Another noteworthy plant, which blossoms almost black flowers in spring, is the many-faced bulbous perennial from the lily family - hazel grouse.Grouse broadleaf.
Among the many varieties of primrose, there are those that bloom "enchanted" black flowers. Among them broadleaf grouse, Mikhailovsky, chess grouse and some others - they differ in dark purple, almost black petals. And the latter has an original checkered pattern, combining very dark and slightly lighter squares.
Hazel grouse blooms in April, its flowering time is about two weeks. The plant is very unpretentious, however, when buying planting material, it is important to ensure that it is as fresh as possible, since over-dried bulbs may not germinate. In the future, these types of hazel grouse will require minimal care, without regular digging and feeding.
Further, the parade of black flowers will be supported by a charming viola, or Pansy. The popular cold-resistant biennial viola wittrock There are many varieties of black shades.Viola Wittrock "The Black Knight".
Pansies are distinguished by a pleasant velvety texture of the petals, which visually makes the dark purple color deeper and almost black. At the same time, a small bright yellow mark in the center of the petals adds expressiveness to each flower.
The viola, grown in a two-year-old culture, blooms very early, and in some years, during its flowering, return snowfalls can occur. Can you imagine the curtains of brooding black flowers amidst sparkling white snow? In my opinion, such a picture looks really fantastic. Moreover, the cold resistance of the viola will allow it to survive the cooling without problems and continue to bloom until mid-summer.
Viola Wittrock has black varieties such as "Black Knight", "Black Crystal", "Black Moon". An interesting variety deserves special attention. "Brunig", in which a thin bright yellow border is added to the main black background to enhance expressiveness.
All of these varieties are large - up to six centimeters in diameter with flowers. But the variety "Kan-kan sapphire" Wavy corrugated petals, similar to exquisite ruffles, will give additional charm.
Another variety of pansies is viola horned represented by only one grade of black colors - "Black Delight". This type of pansy is distinguished by small flowers and a very plentiful and long continuous flowering from spring to autumn.
The next to the forefront is a black tulip, since most varieties of this variety are late flowering. The most saturated, close to black color has a tulip Queen of night. This unique variety was developed back in 1944, but still does not lose its relevance. Due to the late flowering time, the buds of this tulip will open only by the middle or end of May.Tulip 'Queen of Night'.
Another black tulip Ronaldo, from the group "Triumph" blooms a little earlier - in early May, but has a lighter maroon color. Almost black tulip is also found in the parrot group; for grade Black parrot characteristic original ruggedness of corrugated petals. This black tulip also belongs to the late.
5. Eastern poppy
In late spring and early summer, another amazing plant blooms - oriental poppy. Color oriental poppy varieties Midnight looks like prune. This variety combines all the mystical features of other oriental poppies: huge flowers with juicy petals and a bright green rounded seed box surrounded by curly stamens with white anthers, which serves as a focus on each flower.Poppy East 'Midnight'.
Unlike many hybrid flowers, Midnight Poppy is also available as a seed. Like all oriental poppies, this variety has a deep rod root and is difficult to tolerate transplantation. It is best to initially place oriental poppy in a sunny place with loose sandy soil, which will contribute to its successful growth and flowering. When the poppy blooms, you can leave expressive seed boxes on the bush or put them in a vase as a dried flower.
6. Aquilegia, or catchment
The beginning of summer will mark the flowering of another charming perennial - aquilegia, or the catchment. Through the efforts of the originators, a rustic aquilegia appeared many varieties of the most unusual color of the flower, and even with terry inflorescences.Black Barlow Aquilegia.
Amazing variety Black Barlow combines terry and original color - its multi-petal flowers are almost black. Thanks to this combination, the Black Barlow variety's aquilegia looks truly mystical. The diameter of the flower of this catchment is 4-5 cm, and the plant itself is quite high - up to 80 centimeters.
In terms of care, aquilegia is unpretentious, for successful growth it is necessary to choose a partial shade with moderately moist and fertile soil. The Black Barlow aquilegia blooms in June-July.
7. Asiatic Lily
In late June and early July, Asian lilies bloom. The rich variety of almost black flowers (in reality, having a deep burgundy shade) is given to the gardeners by the Asians, but it is very difficult to find such a coloring for IT hybrids, tubular and oriental lilies.Asiatic lily Queen of Knight.
The most popular lilies with black-black flowers: Black Charm, Landini, Night rider, Dark Secret. In all of these varieties, both petals and stamens with anthers are almost black. But the lily Queen of Knight expressive anthers have a bright orange color.
Particularly spectacular, black lilies look in combination with white or cream varieties, as well as lilies that have light petals with a burgundy center.
All Asiatic lilies are quite winter-hardy, however, a deep planting will help them better survive the winter, so the planting depth should equal the diameter of 3 to 4 bulbs. The place for lilies should be sunny or partial shade.
Some varieties of the closest relatives of lilies - daylilies also bloom almost black flowers. Such "witchcraft" inflorescences are distinguished by such varieties of daylily as Black Stockings, "Olive Biley Langdon", Woopie and Starling. Terry and semi-double ink flowers have hybrid daylilies "Boogeyman" and "Voodoo Dancer".Daylily "Black Stockings".
From mid-summer to the first frosts, strict dahlias will adorn the garden, among which you can also find black varieties. The most popular black dahlia "Arabian night"has medium-sized flowers (up to 10 centimeters). Their wine-red dark color under certain lighting seems almost black.Dahlia "Arabian night".
Individual dahlias have dark bronze-brown foliage. Such an interesting feature can be found in such varieties as "Bronze Leaf", Bishop of llandaff, Amber quartz other.
Extravagant black callas give the impression of mystical "otherworldly" colors. Calla lilies with almost black maroon or deep purple flowers are represented by a considerable number of varieties. The most popular among them: Black Forest, "Odessa", "Cantor", Black Star, "Las Vegas" other.Calla "Black Star".
When choosing a place, it should be borne in mind that callas are very hygrophilous, and it is recommended that they be planted along the banks of water bodies. Especially harmonious strict callas look near water sources of the correct form - square, round or rectangular.
Callas grow best in hot, humid places in full sun. They can also be used as a focal plant in flower arrangements in tubs or garden flowerpots. These sultry natives of South Africa will bloom from mid-summer to frost. For the winter they need to be moved to a room where the temperature will not drop below zero.
A very original black-flowered mallow blooms in early August. Many mallow seem rustic rustic flower, which can not be said about a unique dark-colored variety "Nigra".Mallow "Nigra".
This plant is a real giant, exceeding two meters in height. During flowering, the upper part of the bush is literally covered with large flowers with maroon petals with a waxy coating.
The creamy center of the petals, like a convenient landing site, attracts bees and other pollinating insects that adore these flowers and depend on them as a source of nectar in the garden.
Mallow can be grown in a biennial culture or as an annual with early sowing seedlings.