Monochrome flower beds cause universal admiration. And not one of the garden flowers is as popular as shining white. Spectacularly sparkling in the evening, festive and elegant, white flower gardens are always in the foreground. It is not so easy to create a truly vivid effect of the white sea of flowers. To do this, you need to more carefully approach planning and predict the change in the appearance of the flowerbed from season to season. But, of course, there are no impossible tasks. A careful selection of plants, allowing to reveal the charm of the chosen color in all the nuances and shades, allows you to bring the design of lush white ensembles to a new level.Flower bed in white colors.
White magical effect
It is not by chance that plants with white flowers, inflorescences and patterns on the leaves are considered one of the most popular among both professionals and amateur gardeners. This color is a favorite in the design of any garden and an indispensable element that allows you to achieve amazing visual effects. From simply emphasizing bright white tones and shading other colors to playing with optical color illusions, these plants are really special.
You can fully feel the effects of plants with white flowers or with the same patterns on the leaves only in the evening or in secluded corners. White flowers glow, radiate a soft, delicate, but surprisingly attractive glow.
If they are placed in the shade, then the plants seem to compensate for the lack of sunlight and illuminate dark areas, adding depth and a full sound to the design. In the bright sun, white flowers can dazzle, but in the evenings, anywhere in the garden, their luminous effect is manifested in full.
This is the best option for decorating a flower garden near a house, terrace or recreation area. An evening vacation surrounded by white-flowered plants will allow you to enjoy the beauty of flower beds even when the rest of the colors fade and merge with the general background.
White flowers in the gardens look mysterious, mysterious and magical. White flower beds bring calm, harmony, contribute to a relaxed vacation and relieve unpleasant emotions. Such flower beds are both festive and solemn, and inimitably tender.
The ability of white flowers to attract attention, literally attract eyes is actively used in landscape design. White plants are the best means of creating illusions, expanding the space, playing with the effect of moving away or approaching.
Secrets of White Persistence for Flower Gardens
Pure snowy white does not occur in the garden palette. Like its complete opposite - absolute black. In garden plants, we are talking about the lightest, near white shades, which are perceived as white, pinkish, cream, light green, light blue, light lilac - when comparing different flowers with a seemingly white color, the game of the subtlest tones, which determines the color. But by the nature of their influence, white plants are always the same.
Equipping any monochrome flower garden with a bet on white, it is worth considering that, in fact, such a name is very arbitrary. We are talking about two-tone compositions, since in practice white is just an addition to the dominant green in a variety of variations.
The deep green color of the leaves emphasizes the beauty of white flowers and makes them look even brighter and more attractive. And if the task is to create a lush white flower garden, you should not ignore the nuances of the texture and color of greens, which can either enhance the effect or spoil the feeling of dominant whiteness. In the design of white flower gardens, one should not be afraid to use coniferous and deciduous shrubs, which can enhance and shade the beauty of the main stars, enchanting with their whiteness.
For a bright white flower garden to succeed, the main thing you need to pay attention to is how it will look in spring and autumn. There are not so many white-flowering plants designed for the start and finish of the garden season. So that the flower garden does not seem boring or empty at a time when the flowers have not yet opened or the main stars have already left the garden scene, you need to take care of the choice of decorative-deciduous crops with a bet on variegated leaves. They are important participants in the winter garden show as well. Do not forget about primroses and evergreen accents.
Choosing a place for a white flower garden, you should think about the background. Such flower beds look better next to large green planes - trimmed hedges or lawns. It is better to place them not along the tracks, but at a certain distance. But there are other rules in arranging lush white flower beds:
- Plants on such a flower garden should be maintained in perfect condition.
- When breaking down the flower garden, any flat reliefs should be avoided: when planning a white flower garden, you should remember that it should be interesting vertically, combining stunted plants with lush perennials and high accents.
- The contrast of the shapes, sizes of flowers and inflorescences, as well as between the leaves of neighboring crops on such a flower garden is crucial. Small inflorescences and lace plants need to be combined with large flowers and leaves.
- The bare soil on the white flower garden is too striking. When breaking down full-color compositions, you need to take care of mulching, which will allow you to create more accurate compositions.
- If furniture will be placed near the flower garden, and the flower garden itself is decorated using objects of small architecture, then the choice should be made in favor of those sculptures and objects that fit perfectly into the style of the garden and will not be too catchy.
Five best perennials for a white solar flower garden
1. Persistent Echinacea
Echinacea purpurea (Echinacea purpurea) white varieties, for example, the lush white varieties White Swan, a little taller varieties White Lustr, low half-meter varieties Kim's Mop Head, Finale White, Cygnet White can be participants in bright white flower beds .
To design a flower bed with a bet on a shining white echinacea, a much more suitable relative of a nyvyanik, and indeed any other "white daisies", is suitable. The reason is very simple - the timing and duration of its flowering. Varietal echinacea surprise not only with its abundance, but also with the resistance of inflorescence baskets.
Varietal echinacea is usually limited to 60-100 cm in height. Straight and strong, rough shoots of this perennial are combined with broadly ovate root leaves with scalloped edges that form a pretty rosette-pillow, and with lanceolate sitting stalk leaves.
Dark greenery underlines the numerous apical baskets of inflorescences up to 15 cm in diameter with a typical structure of reed flowers densely arranged in a circle and reddish-brown tubular flowers forming a convex, "spiny" center. Echinacea flowering lasts at least 60 days and begins in July.
Degree of frost resistance: from the 3rd to the 8th zone.Echinacea purpurea "White Swan" (White Swan)
2. Blooming Phlox Pillows
It is very difficult to imagine a more lush perennial with almost inflorescence caps of inflorescences than panicled phlox (Phlox paniculata). Despite the beautiful pink candy-colored palette, phloxes are also very good when choosing a white variety (for example, the legendary sustainable David variety, the domestic Maria variety, the classic Archangel or Lebedushka varieties).
Lush phlox bushes on flower beds are easily confused with snowdrifts. Phloxes of white varieties are placed in the background or middle plan of flower beds, revealing all the riot of these perennials.
At a height of 90 to 120 cm, panicled phloxes appear both massive and always attractive plants. Erect shoots, sessile lanceolate leaves create just the background for a real flowering show. The apical inflorescences of phlox turn bushes into solid colored spots. Tubular, with five bent petals of a flat corolla, reaching 2 to 4 cm in diameter, flowers are collected in complex inflorescences. Phlox bloom starts at the end of June and, depending on the variety, lasts until September.
Degree of frost resistance: from the 4th to the 9th zone.Panic phlox (Phlox paniculata) "David".
3. Living silver velvety cleanser
A favorite among silver plants suitable for decorating a flower garden in white - Byzantine javelin (Stachys byzantina). If you choose fashionable large-leaved varieties of cysteacea (such as the Big Ears variety), varieties with a fluffy white edge (Silky Fleece) or a flowerless variety (Silver Carpet), you can create an absolute illusion of light silver. Chistets will highlight the composition at a time when the main perennials do not even begin to wake up.
Byzantine Chistec is a very stable, fast-growing, decorative for almost the whole year perennial herbaceous perennial with straight or branchy shoots and surprisingly beautiful, forming solid carpets with basal leaves. Shaped, covered with a thick, pleasant to the touch felt edge leaves seem like a luxurious fabric.
The bloom of the purges is not as plain as it may seem. The dense and dense spike, consisting of whorls densely located above and sparsely seated below, pleasantly surprises with a combination of silver and pink tubular flowers. The purse blooms in May-August, flowering somewhat violates the white palette of flower beds, so it can be avoided or stopped by pruning.
Degree of frost resistance: from the 4th to the 8th zone.Chistets Byzantine (Stachys byzantina).
4. Inimitable wall
During the transition between spring and summer, it is impossible to find a plant more luxuriantly flowering in white than Iberis evergreen (Iberis sempervirens). The elegant lace of lush inflorescences over bright greenery pleases with the aroma coming from afar and the feeling of a festive scattering of white lace. Iberis looks dazzling in any company.
Iberis is evergreen - a shrub that has not in vain received its specific adjective. The elegant greenery of Iberis is actually preserved even under the snow. At a height of up to 40 cm, Iberis forms powerful, beautiful sods. The leaves are lanceolate, with a solid edge, a bright dark green color, reach 7 cm in length and densely sit on numerous shoots, forming a bright pillow, the diameter of which is almost twice as high as.
Iberis flowers are collected in umbrellas of inflorescences, they are quite large, up to 1.5 cm, although the structure of individual flowers is difficult to make out. Inflorescences cover Iberis with a veil so abundantly that the greenery of the plant can only be assessed by placing it in the foreground. This perennial has varieties with a height of only 10-15 cm, and more powerful, but these are always plentifully flowering cultivars.
Degree of frost resistance: from the 3rd to the 9th zone.Iberis evergreen (Iberis sempervirens).
5. Non-standard karyopteris
Kariopteris is considered one of the most modern perennials for creating color spots. Its almost spherical bushes look both elegant and strict at the same time. But while karyopteris familiar to everyone is covered with an openwork cover of blue inflorescences, the best snow-white varieties turn into lace white balls.
The best white varieties are found in karyopteris klandonensky (Caryopteris x clandonensis). Choosing time-tested cultivars, such as the interspecific hybrid "Snow Fairy" or variegated variety "White Surprise "with light lilac flowers, you can decorate flower beds with unforgettable accents.
Karyopteris - tall herbaceous perennials or shrubs from a half meter to a meter high, which develop compactly by nature, form spherical bushes that are not prone to deformation and do not need to be cut. Opposite lanceolate leaves are painted in a fairly light and bright tone, creating dense branches. Tubular flowers are collected in complex inflorescences.
Degree of frost resistance: from the 5th to the 9th zone.Karyopteris (Caryopteris "White Surprise").
Five best perennials for a white shady flower garden
1. Weightless clouds of astilbe
Astilba (Astilbe), presented on the market today with a wide range of various bright hybrid varieties, offers to admire not only warm pastel colors. Snow-white astilbe are not inferior in popularity to pink varieties.
For example, the unique varieties "Bridal Veil" or "Brautschleier" can attract admiring attention. Weightless, lacy, as if covered by a cloud, astilbe are plants that combine unpretentiousness with a spectacular appearance. For the design of flower beds located in the shade, they are indispensable.
Astilbe - herbaceous perennials, for the beauty of their flowering deserve the nickname of false spirea. Despite the fact that astilbe completely disappear for the winter, during the entire active garden season, from the moment of the opening of the first bright leaves and until the fruits ripen, they can only be admired.
The basal leaves are thrice - or double-pinnate, openwork, with a very beautiful pattern and a rich color that stands out brightly in the shady flower beds. Small, almost indistinguishable flowers are collected in huge weightless panicles of inflorescences that open in June-July.
Degree of frost resistance: from the 4th to the 9th zone.Astilbe (Astilbe).
2. Graceful shy girl
Among the compact perennials that will help create a truly magnificent white flower garden and easily decorate the foreground of any flowerbed in the place where modest lighting, lush goryanka (Epimedium x youngianum) occupies a special place.
This is an elegant perennial that looks very openwork, glowing and forming dense bushes, but the elegance of its details can be seen only close up. The plant fully justifies the nickname of the flower of the elves or the cap of the bishop and, in fact, is the main competitor of aquilegia. Goryanka has pink and white varieties, for example, the charming Niveum variety.
Goryanka gingerbread - herbaceous perennials, limited to a height of 25 cm. Cirrus leaves, flaunting neat "leaves" of lobes, change color from bronze to dazzling green. On the thinnest, almost filiform, but strong peduncles, loose inflorescences bloom, consisting of hanging elegant flowers that soar above the plant, like fairies.
Degree of frost resistance: from the 4th to the 9th zone.Goryanka lush "White Star" (Epimedium x youngianum).
3. Shining tears bought
Among the plants that always attract eyes in the shade, bought fragrant (Polygonatum x odoratum) rightfully earned the title of special favorite. Not many varieties are bought, but all of them are special. Modern varieties, obtained on the basis of a variegated bought medicinal, are decorated with variegated white-green leaves.
Perfectly fits into the shady white flower garden bought fragrant varieties "Solomon Seal".
Kupen - grassy perennials with thickened roots and curving arches shoots that surprise with their strict edges. The height of the bushes is 60-90 cm.
Linear or elliptic leaves are bought sessile, hugging the stem, thanks to an elongated base, they are located on the shoots in the next order, resembling the leaves of zamioculcus. The color is lighter than most perennials, the leaves last amazingly long.
Flowers bloom in the axils of the leaves. Bell-shaped, drooping on a thin peduncle, they seem to be a drop or a pearl peering through the greenery. The whole plant as a whole looks amazingly elegant.
Degree of frost resistance: from the 4th to the 8th zone.Bought fragrant (Polygonatum x odoratum).
4. Indiscreet tiara
Among shade-tolerant perennials Tiarella verry (Tiarella wherryi) - a true legend. A charming plant with dense bushes of beautiful leaves, covered with an openwork canopy during flowering, will not be lost on any flower garden. Among the varieties of tiarella of this species, pink novelties are in special demand, but the brightness of foliage is lost in them. If you choose the classics for a white flower garden, the greens and flowering of tiarella will surely surprise you, being in the foreground.
Compact, with a height of only 30 cm, with dense bushes of leaves, it amazes with the beauty of large curly leaves of a bright yellowish-green color, forming almost round rosettes. Tiarella Verry does not spread like her cousins, but grows in the form of dense bushes.
Small flowers in loose cylindrical brushes rise on thin dark peduncles, creating an unimaginable lace effect. Star-shaped flowers are very beautiful in and of themselves. And the contrast between light pink or white inflorescences and dazzling bright greens makes the flower gardens especially elegant. Tiarella blooms in early May for more than a month.
Degree of frost resistance: from the 4th to the 9th zone.Tiarella werri (Tiarella wherryi).
5. Indispensable colorful hosts
It is difficult to find a decorative foliage plant that could offer as many delicious varieties of white border, spots or ripples on the leaves as a favorite for decorating secluded garden areas host (Hosta). The brightest white border characteristic of the Patriot cultivar looks no worse on the flower garden than the inimitable Undulata, in which the white spot stretches from the middle to almost the entire plane of the leaf, and the Firework cultivar looks almost white with subtle dark touches "
Hosts are easily recognizable large-leaved herbaceous perennials. Thanks to the short rhizome, they constantly grow in breadth, but this does not change their pattern and ornamentality. Basal, on powerful petioles, heart-shaped or narrow-lanceolate, ovate or oval leaves create almost tiled patterns.
But hosts bloom very beautifully. Naked tall peduncles, in contrast to compact, not exceeding 30 cm curtains, grow to a meter height and are crowned with inflorescences from elegant bells. In white-leaved varieties, hosts also bloom white. Among the flowering varieties there are also specimens with a white gamut of inflorescences.
Degree of frost resistance: from the 4th to the 9th zone.Hosta
Plants that can be used for a bright white flowerbed
The number of herbaceous perennials and shrubs, the main characters in the design of flower beds in the garden, is so great that finding plants with a certain color is not a big problem today. White color is very popular, almost all stellar perennials have white varieties and forms, and among the variegated varieties, white patterns are one of the most common.
Due to the fact that the assortment of white garden plants is so wide, it is possible to select plants for lush and bright white flower gardens without any problems in relation to any conditions - both in terms of illumination and soil characteristics.
Among lush perennials, an excellent alternative to phlox can provide astroniform boltonia and Gaura Lindheimer. Fit into the white concept spikelet, Physostegia virginwhite varieties xiphoid irises, carnations hybrid, arabisa, reedweed.
For shaded places, you can choose plants with a bright appearance and increased stamina. Black cohosh, or tricirtis for the average plan, medium lungwort or cyanosis creeping white varieties, low dicentres, dwarf irises white, phlox or splayed out - Great candidates for a shady white flower garden.
Whiteness can please carnations, chrysanthemums, bells, yarrow, anemones, hellebores, garlic, primrose, lilies of the valley, digitalis, dope, Volzhanka…
When choosing primroses, absolute favorites are crocuses, hyacinths, tulips, white flowers, galanthus, Pushkinia. Among bulbous and tuberous, it is worth paying attention to haltonia, lily, decorative bows and gladiolus.
White-leaved crops, or rather, plants with variegated white-green leaves or silver edging close to white, are very important in the design of flower beds, in which white would seem dazzlingly bright. Grayish, silver and motley stars emphasize and enhance the beauty of flowering plants and add variety to the texture of the flower garden, coming to the fore in the not-so-active season.
In addition to pure Byzantine, in the design of lush white flower beds you can use Steller wormwood and salvia officinalis. You can add special dynamics to white flower gardens with cereals - for example, silver fescue or other variegated ornamental herbs, such as, for example fallaris.
Shrubs are the best candidates for the role of dominant accents. Chubushniki and decorative viburnum, white lilacs, hydrangeas, rhododendrons, spirea, Erica, roses, elder - these are the soloists who easily fit into the lush white flower garden. White fruits snowman, derena or mountain ash decorate the flower garden in autumn and winter.
In the design of a white flower garden with a focus on lush flowering, annuals can be used - as planned, and compensating for the lack of flowering accents. Lobelia, Iberis, alissum, balsamines, begonias, sweet tobacco, Snapdragon, Lavater, cleoma, white petunias - this is not the whole list of cultures that fit perfectly into the white flower garden.