You have already finished the summer season, "preserving" the house for the winter and saying goodbye to your plants until spring? There is reason to once again pay a visit to the country, because you did not plant flowers in the winter! This process will bring a little hassle, and in the spring you will thank yourself for your forethought. After all, annual and perennial flowers sown before winter are almost free seedlings of flowers, which also bloom two weeks earlier than a week. What flowers can be sown before winter, we will tell in this publication.20+ flowers that can be sown before winter.
All the advantages of winter sowing of flowers and the features of this process are in the material "How to properly sow flowers for the winter?"
Summeries that can be sown before winter
1. Alyssum marine and marine lobularia
Winter sowing of these very similar (both externally and care), but still different colors allows you to get a strong hardened seedlings adapted to the conditions of open ground.
A bed for sowing is chosen with loose soil, with an acidity close to neutral. Alissum Seeds (Alyssum maritimum) and lobularia (Lobularia maritima) are very small, so they can be sown in a mixture with river sand. Seeds are sown in the frozen ground, it is desirable to mulch the crops.
Read our detailed material: Lobularia - relentless flowering until the end of the season.
2. Annual Astra, or Callistephus Chinese
With winter sowing of asters (Callistephus chinensis) reduces the risk of fungal diseases that cause serious damage to these flowers. And the plants themselves bloom much earlier than when sown in the spring.
For winter planting of asters, it is very important to choose the right place. For growth and flowering, plants need a sunny area with loose soil and neutral acidity. It is advisable to choose marigolds or calendula as precursors. You can not plant asters after the asters themselves, tulips, gladioli.
It is advisable to prepare the bed raised, with a height of 15-20 cm, water will not stagnate on it, and in the spring it will warm up quite quickly.
In no case can fresh manure be brought to the garden bed. After preparing the grooves for sowing, they need to be shed with the drugs "Maxim", "Fitosporin" to prevent the spread of fungal diseases.
Astra seeds retain their germination for no more than three years, and the closer the seed expiration date is, the worse they germinate, therefore, asters need to be sown quite often before winter, so that not all of them will germinate. Seeds are sown to a depth of 2 cm, covered with prepared dry soil from above. You can additionally mulch the bed with sawdust or peat.
Read our detailed material: Annual Asters, or Callistefus.
At the expense of the possibility of sowing marigolds (Tagetes) In the winter there are conflicting opinions. The thing is that for germination the seeds of marigold need warmth. And with a lack of heat and excess moisture, the seeds can simply rot. Therefore, it is better to sow thermophilic marigolds before winter in regions with not very cold winters and early spring.
In a cold climate, such seeding is risky enough. Experienced gardeners advise trying sowing marigolds in the winter, not in open ground, but in a greenhouse. Be sure to cover such crops for the winter with a layer of peat.
Marine Lobularia (Lobularia maritima). Annual aster, or Chinese Callistephus (Callistephus chinensis). Marigolds (Tagetes)
Read our detailed material: Marigolds in garden design.
Elegant flower for flower beds, borders. Godetia (Godetia) is also very good in flowerpots and containers. Planting godetium seeds under the winter allows for earlier and more abundant flowering. Similarly to sowing marigolds, it is recommended to sow godetium seeds in regions with fairly warm winters. But many flower growers from colder regions successfully grow godetsia and sow in the winter.
It is advisable to sow seeds immediately in a permanent place. The plant prefers a sunny location and fertile soil. Crops need to be mulched to protect from frost and excessive moisture.
Read our detailed material: Rules for the cultivation of elegant godets.
5. Calendula, or Marigold
Even inexperienced gardeners sowing and growing marigold (Calendula) does not cause any difficulties. The plant is distinguished by its unpretentiousness. Calendula is a cold-resistant crop; it emerges without problems in spring after sowing before winter.
You can sow calendula seeds in almost any soil. Crops can be done on a seedling bed or immediately on a permanent place - the plant easily transfers the transplant. If you plan to grow calendula in containers, then you can sow the seeds directly in them, be sure to make a drainage there.
Read our detailed material: Calendula - growing and care.
6. Cosmea, or Cosmos
Cosmei (Cosmos) - very beautiful and at the same time unpretentious flowers, for which they are loved by many summer residents. Sowing cosmea seeds before winter will not cause any problems. She herself often propagates by self-seeding. In this case, in the spring, extra seedlings can be removed.
For sowing cosmea, sunny areas with well-drained loose soil are ideal. If the soil is too nutritious, the plant will begin to grow green mass to the detriment of flowering, so do not abuse fertilizer. As a rule, cosmea is sown immediately in a permanent place.
Godetia. Calendula, or Marigold (Calendula). Cosmea, or Cosmos.
Read our detailed material: Cultivating cosmea from seeds.
Lavatera (Lavatera), the people also call it a wild rose - another unpretentious beautiful flower. This is an ideal plant for a flower garden with little maintenance, it is suitable for growing in containers, flower beds and borders.
The plant is very unpretentious, but nevertheless it develops better in well-lit areas with light loose soil. The plant is absolutely undemanding to mineral nutrition; fertilizing for planting is necessary only on very poor and depleted soil.
Seeds of lavatera under the winter, as a rule, are sown immediately in a permanent place. It is advisable to mulch crops for the winter.
8. Phlox Drummond
Annual Phlox Seeds (Phlox drummondii) are frost-resistant, so the plant can be successfully sown before winter. However, it should be borne in mind that with prolonged thaws, seeds can germinate prematurely, and seedlings die from return frosts. Therefore, you need to provide shelter for crops with phlox.
The ideal option is a small arc or an inverted vegetable drawer with stretched covering material.
9. Eshsholtsiya California
Sowing eschsoltius (Eschscholzia californica) under the winter - one of the simple methods of growing it. With this sowing, the seeds undergo a natural stratification, and the seedlings bloom much earlier than in the spring. Eschscholzia does not tolerate the transplant, so it is immediately sown in a permanent place.
The plot for sowing is selected sunny with loose, breathable soil. It is advisable to mulch crops.Lavatera Drummond Phlox (Phlox Drummondii). Eshsholtsiya California (Eschscholzia californica).
In addition to the annual flowers described above, in winter you can sow: field cornflower, annual delphinium, Iberis, cohia, snapdragon antirrinum, annual poppy, matthiola.
Biennial and perennial flowers that can be sown before winter
Aquilegia (Aquilegia) - a charming plant with openwork foliage. Widely used for decorating flower beds, curbs, rabbits, mixborders. Very popular because of its unpretentiousness.
Aquilegia seeds must necessarily be stratified in cold conditions, so autumn sowing is preferable. Aquilegia does not like transplantation; it is better to sow it immediately to a permanent place. The plant prefers partial shade and loose, humus-rich soils. When sowing seeds do not need to be deeply buried in the ground, just sprinkle them a little. A bed with crops must be covered with mulch.
Read our detailed material: How to grow aquilegia from seeds?
11. Alpine Astra
Alpine aster cultivation (Aster alpinus) of the seeds is not difficult. It can be sown before winter or spring in May. Autumn sowing is preferable, after stratification in natural conditions, the seeds germinate much better. The seeds of the aster are quite small, it is better to sow them in boxes or containers, and then dig them into the ground. But you can immediately to a permanent place.
To grow asters, you need to choose sunny places or partial shade. The bed must be on a slightly elevated place. The plant grows poorly in moist or humid places. Crops sprinkled with a thin layer of humus. For the winter it is better to mulch them.
The process of growing frankincense (Bergenia) from seeds is rather complicated. For germination, seeds need cold stratification, and in spring they need to be at a certain temperature. Seeds and seedlings are very small, besides seedlings develop quite slowly. For this reason, it is important to adhere to a certain technology when sowing badiana seeds:
- seeds before sowing must be treated with a fungicide for the prevention of diseases, for example, Fitosporin;
- seeds need to be sown in boxes with loose soil to a depth of not more than 0.5 cm;
- The box with the crops will need to be kept outdoors, under the snow. Thus, the stratification of seeds will take place.
In the spring, at the beginning of March, boxes should be brought into the room, where at a temperature of 18-19 ° C the seeds will germinate for about a month. Crops should be kept in a bright place, but not in direct sunlight.
As seedlings appear, you need to monitor the soil moisture. The soil should not be dry and excessively wet. Shoots develop very slowly, they can be peaked in pots when they reach a height of 10-12 cm. Plants will bloom for 3-4 years.Aquilegia. Alpine aster (Aster alpinus). Badan (Bergenia).
Gypsophila (Gypsophila) transplant is very poorly tolerated, it must be sown immediately to a permanent place. In one place, gypsophila can grow for a very long time, so it is important to choose it right for them right away. Plants grow rapidly over the years, so the gypsophila is located quite freely - 2-3 plants per square meter.
For sowing, you need to choose an open sunny place, preferably with loose sandy loam soil. If the soil is dense, be sure to add small pebbles and sand to it. The site should be sufficiently dry, without stagnation of water - the gypsophila can die with strong moisture.
Geicher (Heuchera) propagates well by seeds, but it must be borne in mind that the seeds retain their germination not so long. Heichera seeds and seedlings are very small, so sowing and caring for seedlings can be quite troublesome. It is more convenient to sow geyhera in boxes with loose, well-drained soil. The soil should not be acidic. Seeds do not need to be buried, just press them a little.
An interesting plant for rocky hills, rock gardens. Gentians (Gentiana) are still not very common in flower beds, possibly due to the fact that they are not easy to grow from seeds. To get gentian sprouts, you need to know that she needs a long stratification in cold conditions. Under the influence of temperature changes, soil moisture in the seeds, processes occur that contribute to their germination.
It is better to sow gentian in boxes or pots with loose soil. Sprinkle the seeds with a layer of soil and dig the containers into the ground in a shady place. In spring, you need to ensure that the soil in them does not dry out.
Gentians sown in the fall, as a rule, appear in May - June. It also happens that seeds that have not sprouted in the spring germinate the following year. Therefore, do not rush to throw the earth out of the boxes. Boxes need to be kept in partial shade and keep the soil moist. And in the winter to leave them again on the street.Gypsophila (Gypsophila). Heichera (Heuchera). Gentian (Gentiana).
Grow Dolphinium (Delphinium) from the seeds is quite difficult. When sowing, be sure to consider the following:
- the delphinium needs cold stratification, therefore, it is preferable to sow it under the winter;
- only fresh delphinium seeds germinate well. If planting is delayed in the spring, then the seeds must be stored in the refrigerator;
- they can only be sown in light, loose soil. In heavy clay soil, they, as a rule, do not emerge.
Delphiniums do not tolerate transplantation, so it is advisable to sow them immediately to a permanent place. For sowing, you need to choose a sunny, sheltered flowerbed from the winds. Seeds are sown not deeply, by 2-3 mm, crops for the winter should be covered with mulch.
17. Bell Carpathian
Usually bell Carpathian (Campanula carpatica) sown just before winter. A well-lit place is chosen for sowing. Soil is preferred well-drained with acidity close to neutral.
Standard soil preparation, it consists in digging and fertilizing. Humus, sand is introduced into heavy soil. If the acidity is high - lime, dolomite flour or ash.
Lavender (Lavandula) is a very attractive plant, but quite whimsical when grown from seeds. If you can’t achieve shoots of its seedlings, try planting lavender in the winter. The thing is that she must go through the stage of cold stratification. If you sow in the spring, you have to put the crops in the refrigerator.
To plant lavender in open ground, you need to choose a sunny, sheltered from the winds place, always dry, without stagnation of water. The soil for growing lavender should be loose and fertile. The plant does not grow well on acidic soils, therefore, with increased acidity, lime or wood ash must be added in advance.
When planting, seeds do not need to be buried too much into the soil, about 3-4 mm. You can sprinkle grooves with seeds of river sand. After sowing, the garden bed must be mulled for the winter, and with the onset of stable frosts, snow should be thrown on the garden bed.
Shoots usually appear in May-June. Seeds can sprout later, so you don’t have to try to dig the bed too early. When the seedlings appear, you need to control watering - the soil should be moist, but not flooded with water.
Delphinium (Delphinium).Bell Carpathian (Campanula carpatica). Lavender (Lavandula).
Read our detailed material: How to grow lavender from seeds?
Perennial Lupins (Lupinus) is not only a bright decoration of the flowerbed, but also a valuable siderat plant. Although, usually, as a siderat, they sow an annual lupine. Unlike spring crops, when sown before winter, the seeds give amicable seedlings.
It is better to sow lupine immediately to a permanent place. When sowing, the size of adult plants must be taken into account, seeds must be planted with a distance of at least 25-30 cm. For sowing, it is advisable to choose a sunny spot or partial shade, soil with an acidity close to neutral. The plant does not tolerate close occurrence of groundwater.
Read our detailed material: How to grow lupins from seeds?
Get primrose (Primula) from the seeds is not very simple, not every grower does it. Primrose seeds require stratification, so sowing in winter is desirable. It should be borne in mind that seed germination is quite low, especially if the seeds are not just harvested. The seeds of the flower are small, and the seedlings at first are very small. Therefore, it is recommended to sow it not in the garden, but in a separate box.
Soil before sowing must be very carefully prepared. If the soil on the site is very dense, it will be difficult for small seedlings to break through. Therefore, the soil must be loose, well-drained. You can even stock up on sowing primrose with good store soil.Such soil will not contain weed seeds. And as a rule, finished soils of good quality are very loose and light.
Primrose seeds are sown superficially, slightly falling asleep with soil. It is better to put the box with crops in partial shade, so that the spring sun does not burn the tender shoots. Care must be taken to monitor soil moisture. Small seedlings can die even with short-term drought, and with excess moisture can suffer from waterlogging. Seedlings of primrose develop rather slowly. And all this time, crops need careful care.
Read our detailed material: How to grow primrose from seeds?
21. Leucanthemum, or "garden chamomile"
Leucanthemum seeds (Leucanthemum), or garden chamomile, as gardeners often call this flower, are distinguished by good winter hardiness; they can be sown both in the winter and early spring. With this seeding, the entrances will be stronger and hardened.
The preparation of the beds and soil for sowing is standard, you can sow the nyvyanik on the seedling beds, or you can immediately on a permanent place.Lupine (Lupinus). Primula Leucanthemum (Leucanthemum).
Dear readers! In addition to the plants listed above, you can sow aconite, arabis, buzulnik, gaillardia, gelenium, doronicum, saxifrage, clematis, levizia, flax, lichen, euphorbia, shave, sedum, rudbekia, and yarrow before winter. Of the two-year-old flowers - mallow, daisy, forget-me-not, Turkish carnation.
As you can see, the list of flowers that can be grown by sowing in the winter is quite large. Winter sowing provides undeniable advantages, especially sowing perennials.
And also - it’s convenient. Therefore, try, if in doubt, sow part of the seeds in the fall, another in the spring. Do not forget to share your impressions in the comments to the article.