Shrubs and trees from among decorative species - both flowering and deciduous - form the so-called "crown" of any garden. They are at the same time a base, canvas, for more unstable and short-lived plants, and they themselves crown the design, being its most noticeable elements. Whatever shrubbery and tree are we talking about, in a group or alone they grow, they should look spectacular. But only the decorative roles of fruit trees and shrubs in the garden were never exhausted. And while their other functions are slightly underestimated, they are just as important for the garden as the enchanting show of beautiful soloists.Chestnut in landscaping.
To treat trees and shrubs with the status of purely ornamental plants just as a boring necessity would be a big mistake. The fact that they do not bring a crop does not detract from their merits. Shrubs and tree trees are able to cope not only with the task of creating lush plantings along the perimeter of the garden, beautiful scenes. They give a fertile shadow, focus the eyes, connect buildings and garden compositions, give spatial depth, frame recreation areas, decorate flower beds and determine their structure, emphasize the important, hide the undesirable, attract eyes ...
It is worth considering decorative giants as plants suitable not only for hedges - and you will discover talents unlimited only in aesthetic qualities. Yes, and the most boring and modest shrubs and tree trees are worth it so that we look at them closer. Even so expressionless irga capable of its wonderful spring outfit in the form of snow-white lace overshadow the best exotics.
And plants in which flowering is completely inconspicuous - euonymus, maples and others - they will surprise with such a game of colors on foliage that there will be no one indifferent to the color show. Not to mention derain or willowwhose bare branches in winter are not at all boring, but surprisingly bright. These are plants that are attractive literally all year round and with which the garden will never look flat, dull and empty. And underestimating them would be a big mistake.
Burst of color
Whatever decorative wood or shrub it is, they will always be the brightest color spots in the garden. In some of them, the “peak” of the color effect on the landscape is observed during flowering. Rhododendrons, quince, decorative cherries, Forsythia at the time of flowering, they literally turn into a huge color spot. Yes, and white shrubs such as spirea, most powerfully show a romantic and noble character precisely during flowering.
Show other plants have to wait: colorful outfit white derren, purple and red maples, barberries and their competitors with unusual foliage attract the most attention in the summer, and their evergreen competitors offer to enjoy the intensity of colors throughout the year. The most powerful color changes always occur in the fall, when hardwoods literally flare up with fiery and carmine colors. But the attention of plants is attracted not only in specific seasons.A large Japanese cherry tree in the garden.
Even if we are talking about ordinary, unremarkable foliage of flowering shrubs, the powerful influence of dark or medium green in these plants will be the strongest in the whole garden. The large size and density of the crown actually turn each plant from a group of decorative giants into a color spot. And against its background, even the brightest grassy stars will still seem small and inconspicuous.
The ability of shrubs and trees to serve as "conductors" of the color palette, to form a powerful coloristic basis should be taken into account when selecting plants for hedges, for group plantings, and for soloists. With the help of a single “right” plant, you can create the feeling of a well-thought-out color concept of decoration.
The main styling tool
Trees and shrubs are a source of not only powerful color effects, but also stylistic expressiveness. There is no easier way to emphasize, designate, define, make obvious the style of the garden, even for an casual visitor, than to use shrubs and trees that are expressive and represent a certain course of landscape design. After all, if they create the basis of the garden, then it is most logical that they create the basis of landscaping that expresses the concept of design.Tree in a japanese style garden.
In practice, using trees and shrubs as a stylistic tool is very easy. The variety of large ornamental plants is so great that for any, even the narrowest course of landscape design, there are dozens of suitable species and varieties. Each of the styles has its own “prescribed” preferences, which are just large plants, as a rule, indicate very clearly. So, in Mediterranean gardens, instead of far from frost-resistant, but such obligatory pines, cypresses and olives, you can easily pick up varieties similar to them externally and in mood sea buckthorn, juniper, decorative pines.
Japanese style is easy to present holly, euonymus and fan maples. Landscape currents offer a wide selection from chubushnikov and lilacs before bobovnikov and rose hips, and rustic styles with a focus on "our" landscapes captivate fir trees, birch trees and mountain ash.
Giving shelter and filling the garden with life
One of the most "less popular" functions of ornamental shrubs and trees is excellent opportunities to attract numerous representatives of useful animals to the garden. It is the trees and shrubs, which many consider "extras", the best shelter for filling the gardens with the noise, movement and life of insects and birds.
The most modest of flowering shrubs usually most actively “attract” butterflies, bumblebees and bees to themselves in spring and summer. And birds adore shrubs with a dense crown and prickly shoots. Simple mountain ash, decorative apple trees, chokeberry - a source of food for birds that will thank you for choosing plants with your help in pest control. Yes, and beneficial insects do not prefer fruit crops, but their decorative counterparts.Rest area next to a large tree.
But the main task of bait plants, which, it would seem, does not bring any benefit besides aesthetic pleasure, is the revitalization of the garden. Each garden is a special microclimate, a whole closed ecosystem. And without our smaller brothers, it would not be complete.
Great game with space
Large garden shrubs and trees are the main tools for working with space. And the main "balances" of free space, a sense of spaciousness and perspective. True, balances that are not overwhelming, reduce the scope, but rather emphasize and reinforce, highlighting it in contrast.Birch in the design of the garden.
The ability to always and everywhere stand out from the general background due to its appearance allows trees and shrubs of decorative type to very skillfully cope with a variety of tasks. They are the main tools of the game with mass, volume, dimensions, shapes and contours. The spatial influence can be attributed to:
- ability to influence perception of perspective and spatial depth;
- the ability to visually resize the site and create optical illusions (especially noticeable in narrow, small, complex terrain areas);
- the ability to overshadow the environment and create a sense of isolation (it is well manifested when landing in rows, groups, when placed as a frame or protection for the recreation area);
- a game with a vertical garden structure;
- the ability to harmonize the appearance of any zone and “complete” the composition (the harmonization functions are especially noticeable at the reservoir and on the flower beds);
- the ability to emphasize the internal structure and arrangement of the elements of the decorative ensemble;
- visual fencing, restriction and zoning of space without obvious means;
- the most spectacular opportunity to easily, quickly and effortlessly fill the voids in the decoration of the garden;
- the ability to make expressive any, even the most faceless and "flat" object.
Guardians in Garden Design
When viewing the best landscape projects, you probably have often happened to admire with admiration the skill with which professionals are able to place solemn, bright, elaborate accents. A typical example is two identical shrubs or standard trees located at the beginning of the path or stairs, which seem to replace the guard of honor. The same impression is made by the trees located at the entrance to the house. But if you look closely, then the "guardians" - and this is what such trees and shrubs are called, indicating the beginning of an important zone or object - there is much more in the garden. And they are not always in pairs.Japanese lilac in a single landing.
A powerful bush on the shore of a reservoir, a slender coniferous tree located on a bend, a tree with a weeping crown that covers a flower bed with a romantic cloud or a mini-shrub that emphasizes the relief of a rock garden - all of them are also “guards”. This is any plant that visually contrasts with the environment and draws eyes to an important transition, playing the role of a pointer, a semantic point. With the help of a single guard, you can radically change the mood of the garden and give it not only expressiveness, but also mystery, a special atmosphere.
No matter how strange it may sound, it is ornamental shrubs and trees that are the main source of psychological comfort in the garden. These are truly unchanging, stable elements that allow you to feel protected not only from prying eyes, but also from the passage of time. Such plants are not brought into the garden for several years. Unshakable, not subject to change, they are perceived as a kind of islands of calm, promising that everything in your life will be fine. These are “landmarks” or psychological “buoys” that will help you not to be afraid of changes and experiments, will allow you to take a break from the hectic rhythm of life.Rest area in the shade of a large tree.
To understand why decorative trees and shrubs play such an important psychological role, they have such a strong effect on the atmosphere of the garden, easily exemplified by a family tree. The main giant on the site, which has been planted for decades and centuries, which is the semantic center of the garden, is a kind of guardian who determines the mood and character of decoration, the comfort of staying in one’s own garden.
This tree has almost magical influence: next to it, everyone feels almost carefree, "rests with his soul." And such an impact - reliable support, emotional relaxation, unshakable constancy - is characteristic of all decorative trees and shrubs without exception. Even the smallest on an alpine hill.