Flower garden and landscape

The 5 most unpretentious perennial flowers that adorn my garden in July


In the middle zone, July has traditionally always been the hottest month of the year, but recently this is far from always the case. Sometimes May is hotter than July, and sometimes even September. But many plants traditionally open their flowers yet in July. And even with not the warmest weather, July is the most colorful and multi-colored month in the garden. In the middle of summer, almost all annuals traditionally bloom, including those that are sown in open ground. But many perennial plants also wait just in the middle of summer to appear in all their glory.

The 5 most unpretentious perennial flowers that adorn my garden in July

1. Echinacea

The huge pink daisies of medicinal echinacea are known to everyone, and this natural look is very much appreciated in traditional mixborders. But the most popular are still numerous hybrid varieties. Freshly blossomed flowers are distinguished by a more intense color, but with age, almost all varieties of the petals noticeably brighten, creating an interesting two-tone effect on each bush.

Echinacea in my garden.

Inflorescences-baskets appear from mid-summer to autumn, and this plant continues to bloom even after many other perennials have finished flowering. Therefore, echinacea is often used as a base plant in a modern flower garden.

If faded baskets are removed in a timely manner, the flowering cycle will be extended. Nevertheless, some dried inflorescences should be left as the seeds of Echinacea in winter serve as food for small birds, and also provide the architectural attractiveness of the flower garden in winter.

The most successful partner plants for Echinacea are perennial asters, coreopsis, blood pot, veronikastrum, monarda, phlox and sage, although group mono-plantings of echinacea are also very self-sufficient.

This hardy plant is extremely unpretentious and is able to withstand drought and thrive with minimal care. There are only two things that are not to the liking of Echinacea: heavy clay soils and stagnation of water at the roots.

Echinacea grows on most types of soils: loamy, chalky and sandy, you should only avoid excessively fertile substrates or intensive top dressing, since in this case the flower can grow too tall.

In relation to light, echinacea develops best in full sun, or in light partial shade. The presence of Echinacea in the garden is a guarantee of visiting your site with flocks of butterflies that are never indifferent to this flower.

2. Monarda

A decorative and spicy-aromatic plant, which due to its characteristic aroma is also called "wild bergamot". Monarda leaves can be used to flavor tea or fruit salads. Depending on the variety, the monarda foliage has a number of aromas: from mint to fragrance, more like thyme, oregano and marjoram.

Monarda's original inflorescences are difficult to confuse with anything, as they look slightly disheveled

Monarda varieties are represented by a huge number of incredible shades of petals: pink, purple, violet, lilac, red and white. Such a wide color palette and a distinctive striking form of a flower open up wide possibilities when used in landscape design.

The original monard inflorescences are difficult to confuse with anything, as they look slightly disheveled. This is because flower baskets consist of many narrow tubular two-lipped flowers with a hood.

Mass flowering generally begins in July and lasts until the end of summer. After flowering, the plant is decorated with rounded seed buttons, buttons that support the decorativeness of the flower garden in winter or can be used in floristic compositions as dried flowers.

The popularity of monarda is due to many advantages: a rich color palette, a fantastic flower shape, healing properties, a long flowering period, fragrant foliage, the possibility of using various landscaping styles, elastic stems that do not require a garter, and also resistance to pests.

But this flower also has some weaknesses, in particular, a tendency to be affected by powdery mildew (but, however, many modern varieties have an increased resistance to this disease), intolerance to excessive moisture, (and the plants tolerate drought hard), the need divisions once every several years, as the middle shoots die off, and the center of the bush is exposed.

Powdery mildew in most cases does not lead to the death of the plant directly, but can seriously weaken its vitality and, therefore, affect the longevity of the bush.

For the prevention of the disease, do not use fertilizers with a high nitrogen content, do not allow the soil to dry out for a long time, thin out plantings to provide air movement, try to water only under the root, so as not to wet the foliage. It is better to plant a monard in full sun.

Most often, in the flower beds you can find the monarda of intense red and raspberry color (grade Cambridge Scarlet), as a result of which the monarda can push away a number of gardeners who prefer bedding in the garden. However, it is important to remember that this flower has a truly rich palette, as well as variations in the height of the bush, so it makes sense to take a closer look at this perennial and find a place for it in the garden for it.

3. Hosta

This shade-tolerant perennial is mainly valued for its original lush foliage, which has countless patterns and shades. Like any plant, the hosta seeks to form flowers and set seeds, but not always flowering of decorative deciduous perennials is a welcome sight for the gardener.

Flowering hosts can be considered as an additional plus of these plants.

Many gardeners choose hosts for shady flower gardens precisely because of their attractive foliage, and not in order to get flowering. Leaves of cultivars hosts have a wide palette of colors: ranging from standard green to blue, almost white and golden. They also come in different shapes, sizes and textures (wavy, corrugated, etc.).

Some gardeners do not allow the host to bloom, removing flower stalks at the beginning of budding, as, in their opinion, this violates the standard appearance of the plant. However, flowering hosts can be considered as an additional plus of these plants.

Since the hosts belong to the lily family, they form funnel-shaped flowers, slightly resembling a reduced copy of lilies. Flowers, as a rule, sit on high peduncles that extend from the center of the bush.

Like their closest relatives of daylilies, in most host varieties the flowering of a single flower lasts only one day. However, one plant can produce ten or more peduncles with a large number of flowers (up to 50 pieces) on the stem, so the total flowering time of the hosta lasts 3-4 weeks.

The color of the hosta petals can vary from dark purple to waxy white. If you look closely at the hosta flowers, for many of them you can also see multi-colored veins of a darker tone.

White-flowered hosts bloom most often in late summer, but varieties with lilac flowers begin to decorate the garden in July. Flowering does not adversely affect the habit of the plant, its bushes do not fall apart either during or after flowering. If you remove faded flowers in time, the hosts do not become weakened, so there is no rational grain in preventing the host from blooming.

During the flowering period, the hosts of the shadow flower gardens noticeably change, so when planning future plantings, think about including the host as beautifully flowering plants, because their flowers are no less beautiful than foliage. In July, flowering hosts can be a great addition to any landscape.

4. Phlox

Perennial phlox paniculata has been a mandatory component of the summer garden since ancient times. He owes such enduring popularity to his heady clouds of lush flowers and ease of care. Few perennials can so skillfully revitalize a garden in mid-summer as a garden phlox.

One of the most important advantages of phlox is a long flowering period.

One of the most important advantages of phlox is a long flowering period. The first flowers open in July and often the bushes remain blooming until September. You can also extend the flowering season by choosing varieties that begin to bloom a little earlier or later than the traditional dates.

Other positive aspects of phlox:

  • longevity (often grows freely in the garden for decades under good growing conditions and does not require frequent division);
  • continues flowering in the summer heat when many other perennials look inconspicuous;
  • attracts bees and butterflies;
  • It propagates well by self-sowing, and often new interesting colors appear.

Garden phloxes are also one of those rare perennial plants whose varieties have many shades of the color spectrum, including rare bluish tones.

Phlox is from the United States, but many of the early varieties originated in England and Germany. During the Soviet Union, this flower was incredibly popular, so many varieties that are still in demand in the West were bred by Soviet breeders.

One of the few but significant shortcomings of phlox is the susceptibility to powdery mildew. However, a number of the latest varieties bred in the USA have increased resistance to powdery mildew and other fungal infections of foliage.

Although phlox develops best in the open sun, in fact it is a forest plant that can grow in partial shade, especially when grown in a hot southern climate. When choosing a place for phlox, you need it to be able to be in the sun every day for about 6 hours.

Phlox prefers to grow in moderately moist, fertile and well-drained soil, fertilized with compost or other organic fertilizers. This perennial loves slightly alkaline soil. Therefore, the regular use of lime on soils with a tendency to acidification will positively affect the plant.

The most spectacular phlox looks in mass plantings, in gardens of a natural type, in front gardens or containers (dwarf varieties). Since varieties of garden phlox are presented in a wide range of sizes in height, you can find varieties that are ideal for both the foreground and background of a flower garden or rocker landings.

5. Milkflower bell

Not the most frequent guest in our gardens, he is much inferior in popularity to his brothers - the peach-bell and Carpathian bell. In our country, this bell grows in abundance in the mountains of the North Caucasus. From a distance, it is not always possible to guess that we are faced with a bell, since its medium-sized star-shaped flowers are collected in dense panicle inflorescences, which from a distance gives it a resemblance to phlox.

The bell is milky-flowered.

In Europe, this bell has long been successfully introduced into the culture and is very popular among flower growers. Due to the fashion for natural gardens, today some varieties of this unusual bell can be found with us.

Among tall varieties of a bell of milky flowering, the most popular variety is "Loddon Anna". This cultivar has almost white flowers with a delicate lilac hue and a pleasant honey aroma.

Darker blue-violet flowers has a variety Prichards Varaity. Both cultivars are distinguished by high growth from 60 centimeters to 1.5 meters, depending on the growing conditions. High branching bushes are crowned with clusters of delicate open bell-shaped flowers directed upwards. Inflorescences appear from July to September.

Such tall bells are a classic of the cottage garden, they are ideal for the background of the mixborder, in addition, it is a successful companion for tall roses with an old flower shape (for example, Austin roses).

This bell can put up with light partial shade, but it reaches full splendor only in sunny places. In care, the plant is unpretentious and will grow well on almost any moderately fertile soil (from neutral to alkaline) when watering in the dry period. Also, the bell responds well to hilling with humus in the spring.

Interesting and new undersized varieties of bell milky Puff (purple flowers) and White Puff (snow-white inflorescences). They are distinguished by a low growth of 30-40 centimeters and very abundant flowering, so that they fit perfectly into any flower garden and can be planted both in the foreground and in the middle ground.

There is another amazing undersized sort of bell milky 'Dwarf Pink' with very rare pink petals for bells. However, while it is almost impossible to purchase in Russia.