Evergreens, despite their inferior to flowering crops assortment, can not be called boring. A variety of crops that do not lose their attractiveness both in summer and in winter can satisfy any tastes. Along with the usual green crowns, winter-green foliage boasts original motley and flowering plants. And it’s impossible to remain indifferent to miniature shrubs and trees of dwarf varieties, as well as to the most bizarre in form beauty.Juniper in the flower garden.
The irreplaceable talents of evergreen stars
Plants with winter green foliage are always perceived as special. They are beautiful in any season, at any time of the year. Stable attractiveness, immutability allow you to freely experiment with herbaceous plants and seasonal accents, as if "leaning" on an evergreen base. But the purely aesthetic characteristics of such cultures are always inferior to practical ones.
Evergreen accents are the most important skeletal cultures. They are responsible for the attractiveness of the garden throughout the year, even in winter. Skeletal planting is the basis of landscaping, the base on which all decorative objects are based. When everything “temporary” - luxurious flowering, colorful leaf fall, an incomparable parade of summers - is over, the quality of the garden design can be judged by the main parameter: are there enough winter-green crops so that it is not boring in the garden even in the coldest time of the year .
Accordingly, with the main function and you need to use evergreens in the design of the garden. Considering them not as accents, but as a base, design basis, those invariable elements that will be present in landscaping for many years, "supports" for creating decorative groups, flower beds, and rabatoks. Evergreens are placed both individually and in whole groups, combining with each other, used in hedges and groups of tree and shrubs. They are perfectly combined with each other, combined, enhances the meaning and functions of each other. For example, you can easily mix holly and mahonia, cypress, rhododendrons, laurel in a composition that will look luxurious in the active season, as if appealing to the legendary southern motifs, and decorate gardens in winter.Pieris Japanese (Pieris japonica).
On a note: An assessment of the garden by the correct landscaping parameter is carried out in winter, when all the main plants discard foliage and even persistent perennials pass into the dormant stage. The bare crowns, empty flower beds should not make the garden boring. If it seems empty and lifeless to you, then you should introduce more evergreens to your design.
Permanent doesn't mean boring
Due to their stability, evergreens are often mistaken for the most boring category of garden plants. But the winter-green beauties are able to surprise not only with the crown preserved for the winter, but also with an inimitable variety. The assortment of such plants is by no means reduced to conifers, and even among the latter there are non-standard varieties and inimitable originals. Plants with an unusual appearance for evergreen crops are by no means uncommon. Not only balls and figures from yew and boxwood, hedges from laurel cherries and cypresses, boring ordinary spruces, holly, fir, junipers, pines and euonymus limit their range. In some you will be able to observe unexpectedly powerful flowering, in others you will enjoy the catchy needles or leaves, while others will surprise you with their compact size and picturesque beauty of the “mini” format.
The assortment of evergreens allows everyone to find a suitable solution for almost any artistic task. Variety concerns not only aesthetic qualities, but also height, size, growth rate. For small gardens, you can pick up excellent alternative options that even at a considerable age will not take up a lot of area.Prickly sucker (Elaeagnus pungens).
Let's get to know the most original and unusual of the evergreen beauties
Winter green favorites with beautiful flowers or variegated leaves.
The most beautiful and darkest shades of green color, as a rule, are characteristic just for evergreens. But the colors are not limited to luxurious greenery at all, and in spring or summer it is so desirable that luxurious crowns also join the general flowering parade. Beautifully blooming species that hide under a lush cover of inflorescences for several weeks, as if exploding in bright flashes, will solve the problem with boring green.
The most famous beautifully flowering evergreen shrub is rhododendron. This is the most catchy, lush and elite garden shrub that prefers shading and mostly acidic, nutritious soils. The only exception is the rhododendrons of the Inkarho group (inkarho-rhododendrons), which are well tolerated with alkali. Today, hardy hybrids are especially valued, and the choice is made not by species, but by varieties, the assortment of which covers a wide variety of shades and sizes.Magonia Beale (Mahonia bealei). Magonia medium (Mahonia media). Barberry holly (Berberis aquifolium), or Magonia holly (Mahonia aquifolium). Photinia fraseri. Photinia David (Photinia davidiana). Kalina David (Viburnum davidii).
But only the most famous shrubs assortment of evergreens from the group of flowering is not limited. Also noteworthy:
- beautiful evergreen Kalina David (Viburnum davidii) - one of the best decorative varieties of this classic shrub;
- Broad-leaved calcium (Kalmia latifolia), known by the nickname of mountain laurel, issuing numerous wide bells with a touching color in June;
- Japanese skimmy (Skimmia japonica), valued not only for the spectacular umbrellas of inflorescences, but also for the beauty of red berries and in regions with harsh winters combining a garden and indoor "career";
- Gaulteria peaked or pointed (Gaultheria mucronata, we sometimes distributed under the old name Pernettya mucronata) - one of the most spectacular decorative berry plants;
- hybrid Photinia Fraser (Photinia fraseri) with its white small flowers collected in panicles, formerly known as Stranesia (Stranvaesia) Photinius David (Photinia davidiana);
- blooming spring yellow flashes Mahonia (eg,Mugonia holly (Mahonia aquifolium), which is more correct to call Barberry holly (Berberis aquifolium), hybrid Mahonia medium (Mahonia media), Magonia Beela (Mahonia bealei), etc.
If flowering shrubs require more care, variegated plants give the same effect of an explosion of paints, without making the schedule of seasonal work any harder. Almost any coniferous variety has its variegated varieties - from spruce to juniper, and other winter-green plants. For example, variegated variety "Maculata" Sucker (Elaeagnus pungens) gives the whole bush an amazing elegance, the curly, lace crown seems unusual and seems to glow from the inside.
A real chameleon deserves much more recognition - Pieris Japanese (Pieris japonica) with multi-colored young shoots. Red twigs of the unique Mountain Fire variety or multi-colored, replacing red with salmon, and then light green shoots of the Forest Flame variety, variegated Variegata variety - there are plenty to choose from.
The best evergreens with unusual shapes of leaves or needles
Colon-shaped spiers, pyramidal thuja or open junipers are unlikely to surprise anyone. But among evergreens there are special forms and exotic variations of needles or leaves. The status of winter green does not mean the absence of fancy varieties and varieties.Sciadopitis whorled (Sciadopitys verticillata). Cryptomeria Japanese (Cryptomeria japonica). Small-color pine "Schoon's Bonsai" (Pinus parviflora).
One of the most original rarities in our gardens is Chilean Araucaria (Araucaria araucana) Its cone-shaped crown seems to be studded with triangular needles, and upon closer inspection, the bizarre structure of the needles seems more and more unusual. At a young age, araucaria are not very adapted to harsh winters, they need shelter, but the older they get, the better they tolerate the conditions of the middle lane.
More like outstretched wings, with sprigs of feathers fancy bushes of a unique yellow Yew berry (Taxus baccata) - a rare variety "Dovastonii Aurea". Combining an outlandish color with unusual drooping shoots, it seems alive and ready to start moving, looks great in the role of an original accent. Drooping and sometimes drooping shoots decorated with original needles are also characteristic of the Blue Snake variety. Himalayan cedar (Cedrus deodara) and varieties "Pendula" Vicha Fir (Abies veitchii).
It looks like matted curls, gray, with a blue tint of needles in a plant more familiar to us - Pine trees (Pinus parviflora) varieties "Schoon's Bonsai". This is a very ornamental and also medium-sized plant up to 2 m high, in which the crown always maintains density even at the bottom of the bushes.Vich's fir "Pendula" (Abies veitchii). Yew berry "Dovastonii Aurea" (Taxus baccata). Chilean Araucaria (Araucaria araucana).
Original needles - a distinctive feature Cryptomeria japanese (Cryptomeria japonica) varieties "Cristata". This is a large coniferous tree up to 10 m high, individual “needles” of which reach a length of 10-12 cm, bend at the base and fancifully flattened on the sides, which makes them resemble a cockscomb.
More reminiscent of dill needles Sciadopitis whorled (Sciadopitys verticillata), often called Tuevik whorled, or Japanese Umbrella Fir. Capricious, tall, growing only on moist, over-nutritious and besides acidic soil, the beauty, although it requires increased attention, turns into the main design star.
Mini accents that you can't stay indifferent all year round
Evergreens in order to play a role in the compositions do not always have to be large. And in the design of places such as rock gardens, narrow rabatki, flower beds, small front gardens, do not use the usual thaw or fir. Even for the most modest garden ensembles in terms of area, there are stars - dwarf varieties and types of familiar evergreen crops that seem especially spectacular. Shrubs and trees of the "mini" format attract attention with the perfection of forms, and the density of the crown, and catchy colors. They are the most luxurious of the existing accents.Blue spruce "Conica" (Picea glauca). Medicinal bay. (Prunus laurocerasus). Ploskovechnik eastern "Aurea Nana" (Platycladus orientalis) or Thuja eastern (Thuja orientalis). Cypress cyanic "Nana Gracilis" (Chamaecyparis obtusa). Mountain pine, or European elm pine (Pinus mugo). Black pine "Nana" (Pinus nigra).
There are mini-stars among the flowering winter-green shrubs. Different varieties Creeping rhododendron (Rhododendron repens), today classified as forms Rhododendron Forrest (Rhododendron forrestii), are practically not visible under wonderful inflorescences. Have a dwarf variety and Laurel medicinal (Prunus laurocerasus) - a compact, 30-centimeter "Mount Vernon", in which the diameter of the bush is 2.5 times the height.
But still, the main stars among miniature evergreens are conifers. The best decorative mini-varieties can safely be reckoned dwarf spruce, pine and Co:
- The curly beauty, who will forever forget about boring ordinary spruce trees, a compact favorite - Blue spruce Varieties "Conica" (Picea glauca) Even in old age, this beauty will not exceed 3 meters in height, will perfectly fit with her dense crown of conical shape even into a flower bed of minimal size.
- Not exceeding 2-2.5 m slow growing Cypress Stupidus (Chamaecyparis obtusa) varieties "Nana Gracilis".
- The most famous of dwarf pines - the grade "Pug" Mountain pines or European Pine Trees (Pinus mugo), which grows so slowly that it reaches maximum meter height only after decades.
- The main candidate for decorating flower beds Black pine (Pinus nigra) varieties "Nana", limited to 3 meters and the amazing compactness of the crown.
- Dwarf favorite among thuja - grade "Aurea Nana" Thuja eastern (Thuja orientalis, according to recent studies it is more correct to name Biota or Ploskovechnik East (Platycladus orientalis), which is limited to a meter high. Like a dense fur of needles with a bright yellow color, it glows in sunny areas, conquers both texture and unusual density.