The desire for unusual solutions in the design of rooms is reflected in recent years on the landscaping of offices and ordinary living spaces. Collections of plants in individual pots are not only actively moving from window sills to interiors, but are also slowly being supplanted by their alternative solutions. Desert-type florariums that do not require painstaking care, luxurious flower showcases, paludariums and snag installations, mini-greenhouses - all this is becoming popular. At the same time, today they are increasingly paying attention to the once exclusive luxury item - indoor rocky gardens, rock gardens and rockeries.Rock garden in the interior - features of creation and selection of plants.
Indoor format for rocky gardens
Alpine slides of a room format are one of the types of decorative compositions in landscaping in which stones and plants act in their unity. Unlike garden rock gardens and rockeries, indoor rooms are not so close to imitating the wild nature, although inspiration for their creation is nevertheless drawn from mountain landscapes.
These are the most aesthetic, original and catchy compositions that act as completely unusual decoration of the room. They are often called an alternative to fireplaces, but this statement is erroneous: rock gardens are one of the options for organizing landscaping, creating the effect of communicating with wildlife and the winter garden, but preserving the style of highly decorative and artistic solutions.
Indoor rock gardens are an alternative to winter gardens combined with a living room, a corner of nature in the format of a rocky garden, which reminds both of the atmosphere and the overall effect of rockeries.
Indoor rock garden can be different in terms of both size and space in the interior. A small mobile rockery or composition in a portable container and flower bed, replacing dividers and partitions with objects or rock gardens, which can occupy a significant part of the walls - there are a lot of options. It all depends on the place they want to allocate for them.
The rock garden can become an alternative to more familiar solutions when arranging non-functional walls or corners, but it can also become a center of general attention, a place for relaxation and the main decoration of the room. The only thing you definitely should not doubt is that this landscaping option is suitable for those who love stone, want to bring it to their home as much as possible, as well as fans of rocky gardens who even want to admire their beauty in the interior.Indoor rock garden can be different in terms of both size and space in the interior.
Types of indoor rock gardens
Mini rock garden, or portable stone slide
Such rock gardens and rockeries are created in containers - large, decorative flower pots or wide and flat pots, in special stone flowerpots, presented in large numbers in garden centers. Their diameter allows you to arrange several types of plants and make the surface of the rockery with several levels of height.
In fact, this is a large florarium that imitates nature with greater accuracy, in which vessels with miniature plants or in ordinary soil for succulents are buried in decorative soil cultures with alpine appearance, with a decorative stone coating in the form of mulch and several stones to emphasize the nature of the composition.
In creating such a rock garden, they are repelled from plants - first they place large, tall species, then ground covers, and then they arrange stones from large to small, creating a natural imitation of mountainous reliefs.
Stationary rock garden on the frame or a complete simulation of a slide on an insulating basis
Such compositions are often built in the corners, creating the basis of a "slide" with holes for planting from concrete, gypsum, brick, polystyrene foam or insulating foam, which is then glued with decorative stone, creating an imitation of rock.
Such rock gardens can be combined with mini-ponds, indoor fountains, "play" with decorative lighting. The main task is to cover the floor and walls with a protective coating that can withstand both increased humidity and weight of materials, simulate the relief from the selected materials or improvised materials and cover it with stones and pebbles to simulate rocks. Niches are left for the plants, in which they will then be planted or exposed in pots.Stationary stone gardens in the rooms require installation by professional staff.
View of indoor alpine slides with a rock-simulating structure at the base, flowing into a stone-paved wall or part of a wall with special fixtures for plants. Stone walls are planted with not only conditionally alpine plants, but also vines. Using a wall stone (artificial or natural) allows you to raise the rock garden to new heights and create a whole corner of the stone jungle.
Alpine plant shelving
Fastened structure with shelves of sufficient width for installation of containers or with special structures-pallets for filling with gravel, stone chips, sand, decorative soil; in it put pots with plants.
Indoor hotbed, raised "bed" or "sandbox"
A large floor container, most often stationary, filled with sand or gravel, in which they put pots with plants (with additional decor). In fact, such a rock garden is an analogue of decorative flower girls. Plants are put in a box or container, carefully choosing materials to fill the space between them.
Flower showcase or "room in room"
Rockery in the form of a glass aquarium or box, in which the stones are combined with moisture-loving plants with a tropical character, creating a kind of closed object with high humidity. Often built as an alternative to aquariums with an imitation of mountain nature and fully artificial lighting inside rooms without windows.Mini-rock gardens and rockeries are created in containers - large, decorative flower pots or wide and flat pots, in special stone flowerpots.
Project development and installation
For the construction of non-portable indoor rock gardens, it is better to contact specialists or carefully study all issues related to the creation of massive stone structures, insulation and protection of floor and wall coverings. In addition to choosing a stone of different fractions and rocks, to create an imitation of rocky landscapes, you will need insulation materials, construction adhesives and mounting materials, a base-pallet, fasteners, containers for plants, fillers, decorative paints and tools for additional masking. The harder the rock garden itself, the better you need to think through the whole system.
The installation of lamps, lights, the introduction of a reservoir and a fountain requires carefully thought-out insulation and compliance with safety measures. Insulation over the entire area of the rock garden, which protects the flooring, high-quality water and wear-resistant materials, protective coatings to prevent damage under the weight of the stone are issues that should be entrusted to specialists at least at the project development stage.The portable stone garden is easy to organize with your own hands.
Conditions and care for plants in the indoor rock garden
Plants are most often planted not in the structure itself, but in small pots, which are placed in prepared niches or dug in rocky soil. Large plants are exposed in larger pots, picking up containers or decorating them additionally so that they fit into the overall appearance of the composition. For alpine plants, natural clay containers are preferred. A drainage layer with a height of at least 1/3 of the pot must be laid at the bottom of the containers.
From a practical point of view, there are only two key conditions for growing plants that you need to take care of when creating a stony indoor garden:
- Bright lighting. Indoor rock garden plants and rockeries need the brightest light. If the compositions are constructed as a decorative decoration of the interior, then, in addition to the aesthetic parameters and the selection of the basis, you will have to take care of creating a backlight system that will be equal to a regular sunny window sill. Additional winter illumination is required for all indoor format rock gardens that cannot be moved to a more lighted place.
- Air access. Stagnation of air, lack of ventilation will destroy cultures in stony gardens. Tolerance to drafts should be considered for each specific type. But regular ventilation or additional ventilation are mandatory parameters.
The substrate for plants in a roomy rocky hill is selected from among light, loose and breathable earth mixtures. A special soil for succulents or a universal substrate with additional loosening additives is the best choice. If there are sufficient resources and components, it is possible to make a special soil mixture of turf soil, peat, sand, fine stone chips and compost or humus in equal parts. The reaction of the soil, as well as its composition, when grown in pots, and not planted in a common container, is selected according to the individual requirements of a particular type of plant.
Plants in mini-rock gardens are grown without an annual transplant. Change of capacities is carried out only when the plants fully master the space allotted to them. If there is a clear need for rejuvenation and filling the earthen coma with the roots, the topsoil must be replaced annually with a fertile and high-quality substrate. Replace the topsoil in early spring.
If necessary, transplants for plants in the indoor rock garden necessarily carry out the separation: most often there is no way to increase the diameter of the pots, therefore only a reduction in the volume of the plants themselves and a change in substrate allow the compositions to be kept attractive.
Decorative mulching is an indispensable element even for plants in separate pots. The soil surface is covered with stone chips, pebbles, coarse sand, which allow plants to "merge" with the rest of the stone elements of the composition. Mulch is carefully removed when replacing the topsoil and replanting.For the arrangement of indoor rock gardens and rockeries often choose ordinary indoor plants.
Plants for indoor alpine slides
For the arrangement of indoor rock gardens and rockeries often choose ordinary indoor plants. But in this case, the stone surroundings are just decor for the usual collection. To create a true alpine slide of a room format, you need to take care of a more careful selection of plant species.
For stony kindergartens they use special, hardy, potted plants that look like alpine and mountainous, corresponding to the idea of decoration. Conventionally, such can be considered all medium-sized, hardy cultures, which in nature prefer to grow on rocks, including in extreme conditions of a mountainous environment.
In the stony indoor gardens look great:
- bulbous plants;
- bonsai, dwarf coniferous indoor and shrubs;
- early flowering garden perennials combining the status of indoor and garden plants.
Any indoor succulents - from "living stones" to fat girls and cacti, feel great in such compositions. Haworthia, Faucaria, Saxifraga, Echeveria, Seduma, Aloe, Lithops - these are just a few of the species that create indoor rockeries.
Sansevieria will not be lost here either; from large room stars, ivies, dracaena, crotons will perfectly fit into the design of stone gardens. In indoor rockeries, rheo and shefflers, areca, eonium, fatsia, begonias, adiantums, compact varieties of dieffenbachia, pittosporum, nephrolepsis, cicada, ficus, pelargonium, trachicarpus, gesneria, balsamins, and calamus look charmingly.
Moss is one of the main decoration tools in a room rock garden and is an excellent tool to create natural transitions and play with aging. Moss can be purchased at any store for aquarists, gradually, thanks to spraying, covering them with the desired surface.
Indoor rock garden can be used as a field for experiments with those plants that need special shelters in the garden for summer dormancy or have low winter hardiness. If the rock garden is not miniature, and when it was created, lighting and other "greenhouse" nuances were taken into account, then many cultures from among rare and valuable collection items can be planted in them.
Cyclamens, daffodils, anemones, veronica, cloves, cinquefoil, youngsters, muscari, immortelle, cassiopeia, forget-me-nots, tarifs, tulips, stonecrops, morisia, carpet phloxes, crocuses, solidanoxelidae, rhodogoda are introduced into indoor garden plants from among garden plants; , spells, dionemes, cyananthus, lewisia.
Saxifrages are selected from among indoor species, but when creating large compositions, you can try to plant cushion garden specimens. Perfect in primrose indoor rock gardens.
Alpine plants and the main stars of indoor rock gardens have many shortcomings. Almost always, these crops are plants that go through a complete period of dormancy and lose their decorativeness for the winter. Selecting an equal amount of grassy onion and seasonal plants with succulents and genuinely indoor crops that look attractive even in winter, compensate for the dying of the aerial parts of the bulbs and the dropping of leaves of some grassy stars.