Flower garden and landscape

Christmas tree in the garden - the best conifers, species and varieties


Slender fluffy Christmas tree in your own garden, which you can dress up for the New Year holidays - the desire of many owners of personal plots. Winter is the best time to decide on the tree that will later settle in your garden and take on the function of a New Year’s beauty. Indeed, in the winter time, the Christmas tree will go to the forefront in all its festive decoration. A snow-covered garden will allow you to choose the best place for the future tree.

Christmas tree in the garden - the best conifers, species and varieties

By the way, some garden centers in the off-season reduce the price of future spring purchases. Therefore, to buy a seedling at a bargain price, you can place a reservation in the winter. But for starters, it is important to determine the breed, type and variety of conifers.

Modern representatives of conifers have a wide variety of forms: weeping, stamb, umbellate, balls, hummocks - an incredible scope for landscape design. But since most families still would like to see the Christmas tree look like a classic Christmas tree from New Year's tales, we have selected for you species and varieties of conifers that have the correct cone shape, increased fluffiness and rich green, or noble bluish needles.

Fir in the garden - types and varieties suitable for the role of a Christmas tree

Korean fir

If I were asked to advise a Christmas tree for the garden, which would successfully take on the role of the New Year tree, I would not hesitate to offer a closer look Korean fir. Connoisseurs of conifers rightly call this tree the "queen of the garden" or the "queen of conifers."

In appearance, Korean fir resembles a charming Christmas tree, but improved in many respects. First of all, fir has completely non-spiky flat needles that have a dark green shiny color and a silver "inside out". The rounded tips and rather large width of the needles give the fir a tenderness and the charm of a "toy" Christmas tree. In the arrangement of branches, a clear tier is observed, from a very early age the crown of the fir is quite dense and fluffy, the trunk is smooth, and the bark is of a very beautiful shade.

In addition, Korean fir begins to bear fruit at a young age, and a few years after planting a sapling a tree will be decorated with absolutely amazing cones. In appearance, the cones of Korean fir are significantly different from spruce, because they surprisingly grow upward, and do not hang down, like other conifers.

The fanciful arrangement and unique coloring make fir cones look like exotic birds or New Year's toys. Of course, in adulthood, Korean fir reaches a considerable height (up to 15 meters), but this breed grows very slowly, and the tree itself is not too spreading. In addition, from a young age it is recommended to engage in the formation of the crown, although fir is not as responsive to this process as spruce or pine.

Owners of a small kindergarten can be advised to purchase a small copy of the Korean species fir, which is the Molly variety, whose maximum height does not exceed 4 meters at the age of 30 years.

Sometimes other green-coniferous species are also on sale. For example, Vicha fir and balsam fir. But nevertheless, these trees are somewhat inferior to the Korean fir in beauty, and in the future grow trees of considerable size.

Korean fir varieties Silberlock refers to conifers with blue needles, due to the fact that its needles are wonderfully turned inside out. And since most firs have silver color on the underside of the needles, the whole tree looks bluish-silver.

This variety will be ideal for lovers of original wonders. But you need to understand that such exotic is not cheap, and not many people can afford to buy a tree that has already grown. When acquiring a young seedling, you need to be prepared for the fact that for the first years it will not have the shape of a classic Christmas tree until it nominates an escape leader.

Many Korean gardeners call the Korean fir "the queen of conifers."

Solid fir

The blue-colored fir from one color from a distance can be confused with blue spruce, but still it is a completely different coniferous species, which also deserves attention. Monochrome fir is distinguished by unusual sickle-shaped needles up to 6 centimeters long, characteristicly twisted up.

Due to this disheveled appearance, the “paws” of the fir look more fluffy. In species specimens, needles are usually bluish-green, but in cultural representatives, the color approaches blue.

An adult tree reaches a height of 20 meters or more, so it is advisable to look at the lower-growing varieties of plain fir. The most popular is the cultural variety Violacea (up to 6 meters high). In adulthood, the Violacea fir will be a spectacular silver-blue cone, notable for long curved, non-spiky needles and perfectly smooth beautiful ash bark.

Korean fir in the garden. Monochrome fir "Violacea".

Subalpine Fir

This is just a godsend for small areas. The only variety that can be found in nurseries is "Compact"not exceeding 3 meters in height. But even this tree reaches this mark only after 20-30 years. At the same time, a neat fir tree looks like a real Christmas tree from the picture - a very thick, literally stuffed crown and an ideal pyramidal shape. According to gardeners, this variety "does not burn" in the spring in the sun and is unpretentious in leaving.

Christmas tree in the garden - types and varieties

Common spruce

The usual ordinary spruce without formation easily reaches a 25-meter height. But to abandon the classics because of the gigantic size is not necessary. Thanks to the work of the originators, the dwarf form of ordinary spruce was selected Acrocon 2-3 meters high. But not even its compact size and cone shape made it so popular. In the spring, this Christmas tree produces absolutely amazing cones, which at a young age surprise with a very bright crimson-red color.

Variety of spruce "Wills Zwerg" - one more option of a tiny fir-tree for small personal plots. The word "miniature" in translation from German means "gnome", which ideally characterizes the features of this variety. The maximum height of a mature Christmas tree is 2 meters, but at the age of ten, the size of the “gnome” will be just a little more than a meter. The variety is characterized by a very dense, stuffed narrow-columnar crown with a sharp crown, resembling a cap of a fairy-tale gnome.

In spring, ordinary spruce "Akrokona" produces absolutely amazing bumps.

Serbian spruce

Charming Christmas tree with a very beautiful compact narrow crown shape. In adulthood, it is a tall tree reaching 20 meters. But, thanks to the habitus, resembling a narrow conical tower, it does not take up too much space in the garden and does not grow quickly.

The non-spiky needles of the Serbian spruce resemble fir needles, thanks to the rounded ends and slightly flat shape. This conifer also has garden forms. For instance, Serbian spruce "Nana", it can only reach 4 meters at a very respectable age, and its average height in gardens is from 2 to 2.5 meters. In shape, this tree resembles a wide cone. The branches of the Christmas tree are mainly directed upward, due to which the bluish "underside" of the needles is clearly visible, and the tree has an iridescent color from green to bluish.

Serbian spruce "Zuckerhut" very popular as a miniature xmas tree. This is due to its small height (2-2.5 meters) and diameter (up to 1.5 meters), as well as a very dense printed crown of conical shape. The fir-tree shoots rush up, and the slightly twisted needles of two colors - green and silver.

Blue spruce

Blue spruce (prickly spruce) is one of the most common conifers in urban landscaping. The height of an adult tree is 15 meters and above, so it’s better for a garden to take a closer look at dwarf varieties of prickly spruce.

For example, grades "Bialobok" and Maigold reach 3 meters with age. In winter, these are charming bluish Christmas trees that can be easily decorated. And with the onset of spring, these varieties will give the gardener an unexpected holiday, releasing a beautiful contrasting growth of lemon color.

In Europe, a variety is very popular as a Christmas tree. Blue Diamond, which by virtue of this even has a second name Christmas Blue ("Christmas blue") The distinctive qualities of this Christmas tree are its average height (up to 5 meters), its wide conical shape, increased density ("fluffiness") and the deep blue color of the needles.

But on the territory of Russia and neighboring countries, the fashion for the prickly spruce variety has not ceased for one year Hupsey. Such a stir caused by the unique color of the needles, which does not look so much blue as silver (almost white). Herringbone "Hupsi", indeed, is very spectacular and has a beautiful crown, but it is suitable only for "spacious" gardens, as over time it grows to 15 meters.

For those gardeners who have medium-sized plots, the variety is more suitable "Isely Fastigiata". This Christmas tree is characterized by a very narrow crown due to the fact that all branches grow at an acute angle, and from a distance the tree resembles a rocket. The maximum height of the Iseli Fastigiata Christmas tree is 6 meters; the needles are very beautiful - bright blue.

Serbian spruce "Nana". Blue spruce Blue Diamond. Blue spruce "Hupsi".

When the Christmas tree is pine

For those who primarily associate a pine tree with the word "Christmas tree", it is also possible to choose a New Year tree among the pines. Most often used in landscape design Weimutova pine, cedar pine and black pine. But, first of all, they are suitable for owners of large, spacious areas: only some of them, single varieties, have a fluffy crown and regular conical shape at a young age with small sizes.

Usually, a teenage pine looks bald, and acquires a characteristic fluffy and cone-shaped shape as it grows older, increasing in size. Pines low in nature (mountain pine, cedar dwarf pine and others) are also not very similar to the usual Christmas trees, differing in a rounded and flattened crown.

Read more about interesting species and varieties of pines in landscape design in the article Effective pines on the site - planting, formation, types and varieties

You should immediately be prepared for the fact that a considerable amount will have to be paid for varietal dwarf pines. For those who are ready to make investments in the Christmas garden tree, we advise you to take a closer look at the following varieties of pines:

Weimutov Pine "Torulose". At a young age, the Christmas tree is attractive with a dense, thick pyramidal crown. Unusual twisted blue needles are collected in fluffy bunches of 5 pieces. An adult tree can reach a height of 6-8 meters, and its diameter will be 2-2.5 meters. In adulthood, the crown becomes more loose and rounded.

Mountain Pine "Columnaris" it looks like a classic pyramidal "Christmas tree" with dark green needles. This cultivar is one of the few forms of mountain pine, having a conical shape with branches directed upward at an acute angle. The tree grows slowly and in adulthood reaches only 2.5-3 meters.

Schwerin Pine "Vithorst" will not leave anyone indifferent. In appearance, the tree looks like a soft fluffy animal due to the incredibly long thin needles of a greenish-blue color and very abundant branching. In shape, this pine is a broad-conical "Christmas tree". Additional bonuses include the abundant formation of cones from a young age. At 30, Withhorst reaches 6 meters in height.

Black Pine "Green Rocket". As the name of the variety ("rocket" in English "rocket") becomes clear, the tree has a narrowly conical crown with branches tightly pressed to the trunk, thereby causing a resemblance to a rocket. The height of an adult plant is not more than 3-4 meters. The needles of this "ё" are very long and have a rich dark green color.

Pines low in nature (mountain pine, cedar stannicus and others) are not very similar to usual Christmas trees.

Christmas tree in the garden - pseudo-tsuga

This breed of coniferous family is used in landscaping city streets and parks a little less often than usual spruce trees. And an ordinary passerby will never think that in front of him is not a Christmas tree, but a completely different coniferous tree.

The most striking difference of the pseudo-suction is unusual spiny cones with characteristic protruding tongues. Largest pseudo-suction is a powerful tree, in nature it grows up to 100 meters, but in culture it is much lower (25-40 meters). Both dark green and bluish specimens are found in color. Due to its considerable size, this tree is not quite suitable for a private garden, and dwarf varieties, although obtained by breeders, are rarely found in nurseries.

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Where to place a Christmas tree in the garden?

The first thing that may come to the mind of the owners of the estate, especially if there is no planting on it yet, is to plant a Christmas tree in the very center of the site and surround the tree with a lawn. This approach is really partly justified, because it will allow you to freely move around the decorated spruce if the owners plan to spend a New Year's party in the open air. However, this is not the best option.

Firstly, over time, the conifer will obscure the lawn, hindering the growth of light-loving lawn grasses. And secondly, if there is a Christmas tree in the middle of the grass, the lawn will be inconvenient to mow. In addition, moving around the lawn in winter can adversely affect grasses.

Dressing up a Christmas tree that grows in a decorative composition surrounded by perennials is also not worth it. Indeed, in order to freely approach the tree, you often have to clean the snow, which can lead to freezing of plants. Yes, and stamping on the flower garden - not too good tactics, even in the winter.

Therefore, it is better if the Christmas tree is located near the paved area. But at the same time, paving, of course, does not need to be placed close to the trunk, leaving space for the root system to breathe (best of all - equal to the diameter of the crown in adulthood).

In most cases, the owners of the house want the Christmas tree to please not only family members, but also casual passers-by, so they place the tree in the front garden. However, an equally important parameter that must be taken into account when choosing a place is that the Christmas tree can also be clearly seen from the windows of the room where family celebrations are held.