Classical flower beds from perennials and colorful flower beds with flowering crops are increasingly replacing more practical compositions in gardens. Ensembles that remain attractive all year round, do not require constant care, stably decorative and ceremonial are the choice for modern projects and those who want to enjoy their holidays in the garden, first of all. One of the most popular options for such compositions is flower beds with conifers. Evergreen compact beauties are an excellent basis for complex ensembles.Flower bed with conifers
What flower garden can be considered "coniferous"?
Flower beds with conifers - any decorative mixed composition with a well-thought-out structure, in which conifers form the basis. Conventionally, a flower garden with conifers is called such a decorative ensemble in which at least 30% of conifers of the total number of planted crops are present.
Sometimes it’s not so easy to figure out whether a composition belongs to flower beds with conifers, but it’s best to use the criterion of importance or importance of conifers for the whole ensemble. A classic flowerbed on which a single plant was planted as an accent, while it does not become a flower garden with conifers.
But if such accents are repeated, are an important part of the ornament, pattern, form the basis of the flower bed or are complemented by one or two more plants in the composition, then we can talk about flower beds with conifers. The semantic load on the conifers is also important: if they can be "removed" without problems and replaced with another plant without losing the integrity of the image, then the conifers on this flower garden are just an addition.Flower beds with conifers - any decorative mixed composition with a well-thought-out structure, in which conifers form the basis.
Types of flower beds with conifers
Conventionally, all flower beds with conifers are divided into two types:
- Flower beds only from conifers or from conifers with other shrubs. In fact, they are a variety of decorative groups, but with a dominance of creeping and miniature species. The latter give the impression of elegance and compactness, imitation of classic flower gardens, but only with skeletal plants.
- Combined conifer flower beds with perennials and seasonal accents.
Rules for creating a flower garden with conifers
The process of creating a flower garden with conifers is similar to any other type of flower garden, from planning to plant selection, site preparation and planting. The only thing that such flower beds differ in: before choosing other plants, they are first determined with conifers. Yes, and they are planted, placed on the flowerbed also in the first place.
The selected coniferous species dictate the necessary soil characteristics, as well as restrictions on the possible list of partners, which should also be suitable for similar conditions. Flower beds with conifers can be broken up both in the sun, and in partial shade, and even in the shade, respectively, and the criteria for selecting plants change. Planning and sketching for such a flower bed are required.
And a few more practical nuances for planning and planting a flower garden:
- For plants, the maximum values of the recommended distance during planting are strictly observed. Moreover, for coniferous crops, not the size of seedlings is taken into account, but the optimal sizes of adult plants. Sealed planting for such crops is unacceptable.
- The soil should be drained, nutritious, improved in advance by applying organic and mineral fertilizers and deep digging. Conifers are planted in large planting pits, replacing even high-quality soil with a special mixture for the selected species.
- The entire planting area is divided by the height of the plants - into zones of high, medium and low crops, and then they are planted in the same order.
- Before planting, seedlings are best arranged right on the ground in accordance with the sketch.
Selection of plants for a flower garden with conifers
The selection of conifers for the flower garden is a fairly simple task. For complex compositions, only compact, slowly growing, “predictable” and dwarf species and varieties with a bright appearance and pronounced texture are suitable.
For flower beds only with conifers, they are selected so that the plants stand out clearly in the composition and contrast with partners. Conifers in the flower garden are divided into a dominant or accent plant (one large stand out or a group of 2 to 3 plants, similar in their role) and subordinate species, which seem to merge into the general background of the composition and interact in mixed flower gardens with perennials .
In the coniferous flower garden, the most popular and brightest varieties of pines, spruces, thuja, fir and junipers are usually used. Designers' favorites are dwarf blue spruce, Lavson cypress, weeping larch, Western arborvitae, horizontal juniper, scaly and medium, mountain pine and Bergman, Korean fir, all columnar, conical, dwarf, spherical, creeping, creeping, creeping, year, only a few tens of centimeters and having an unusual color.
Creeping junipers of the most compact and bright varieties firmly secured the title of the main stars of not only rocky gardens, but also flower beds.
Plants supplementing conifers are always chosen according to the principle of contrast - textures, colors, leaf size, in the first place.
If we are talking about mixed compositions using creeping species of conifers, then for them, at least one groundcover or pillow plant is necessarily introduced into the ensemble. Large columnar or pyramidal accents complement perennials with lush, neat sods. But the rest is guided by the desired relief of the composition and the effect that it produces.
Great partners for conifers in the flower garden will be:
- Among the shrubs - rhododendrons, shrubby cinquefoil, cotoneaster, buddley, hydrangea, spirea, barberry, boxwood, roses, forsythia, heathers and erica.
- Among the classic and large herbaceous perennials - ferns, geleniums, sages, ornamental cereals, irises, phloxes, perennial asters, delphinium, coneflower, lilies, daylilies, loosestrife, cuffs, incense, dicenter, astilbe, hosts, geraniums, highlanders, formium anemones, hellebores, primroses, goldenrod.
- Among the ground cover species are shaving, stubble, violets, alissum, cloves, saxifrages, arabis, tenacious phlox, stonecrops, thyme, bryozoan, periwinkle.
- Of the number of seasonal plants and maskers of voids in the composition in the early years - petunia, lobelia, zinnia, daisies, tulips, daffodils, muscari, marigolds, lavatera.
Combining plants for a flower garden with conifers is easier than it might seem. It is enough just to start with the main conifer, to take into account the style and character, the color scheme and the desired splendor of the composition, and it will line itself up around the selected soloists.
So, several thuja formed in strict balls look great in the company of creeping junipers, irises and cypress or barberry, with brightly colored pillows and dark carpet of survivor decorating the foreground.
Tall columnar arborvitae are equally good when supplemented with hydrangeas, spireas and even roses, if balanced by yet another massive coniferous shrub, spots of creeping junipers and bright perennials, like phlox and incense between them.
Replacing spirea with hydrangeas, and phlox with astilbe, you can get a completely different lace composition, to which you just need to choose an openwork groundcover for the front edge. A composition of gray or blue miniature spruce will also reveal its beauty in the company of several bushes of originally painted junipers, between which grains like fescue and unpretentious sage can be gracefully entered.
A strict flower garden made of patterned alternating host, spirai and conifers will also make a royal impression. A soft game of cereals, ferns, irises, complemented by touching flowering carpets, will make any three conifers with different forms of growth shine.Mulching the soil is an indispensable element for a flower garden with conifers.
Mulching flower garden with conifers
Soil mulching - A must-have item for any flower garden with conifers.
Mulch is poured only after all the plants have been planted in the flower garden. For flower beds with coniferous plants, only two types of mulch are used - stone crumb or gravel and bark.
Flower beds with conifers are always compositions with a very neat look and beautiful natural transitions. Even if regular elements are introduced into them, they try to avoid "hard" frames in the design. Decorative borders, fences, wickers, volumetric borders - not for such flower beds.
It’s best to either mask the cutting edge with plants or create a beautiful transition from mulch to paving or lawn. The only option for a decorative border that can organically fit into a flower bed with conifers is flat masonry, clinker border or steel tape.