Autumn is a great time, but always a little sad time for any gardener. Favorite flowers gradually fade, many dramatically lose their decorativeness after the first freeze. But then, as a rule, warm sunny weather sets in for a long time, and the dried flowers on the flowerbed are not at all encouraging, as is the empty space if you cut them off. So that the garden does not look sad in the fall, it is necessary that beautiful and resistant plants grow in it, which will decorate it until winter. They are not afraid of the first frost, nor frost, nor rain, nor even the first snow. Moreover, most of them are decorative throughout the garden season, and not just in the fall.12 most beautiful and persistent plants of autumn
Autumn is the time of cereals, and miscanthus (Miscanthus) - one of the most beautiful garden crops, which just blooms in late August-September. Depending on the variety, panicles are painted in almost white, cream, silver and pink tones. Lanceolate leaves with a white stripe in the middle become yellow by autumn.
Miscanthus can be from 0.8 to 2 m tall. It is not picky about soils, but it will not grow on heavy clay - it will gradually die, as with a lack of light. It is prone to uncontrolled growth, therefore, it is necessary to limit it by planting in a large container or digging around the bush a strip-limiter made of plastic or iron to a depth of at least 20 cm.
Miscanthus is a heat-growing cereal and in the spring wakes up quite late. For winter, young plants need shelter. An adult bush hibernates without shelter, but it must be planted in a sunny and sheltered place.
Miscanthus is a native of places with a warm climate, so not all varieties will be winter hardy enough.Miscanthus
2. Chrysanthemums garden, or Dendranthema
Please note that earlier dendrantems (Dendranthema) belonged to the genus of chrysanthemums. Now refer to dendrantems and chrysanthemums korean - the only chrysanthemums that are able to winter in open ground in the middle lane, and some large-flowered species.
The most stable varieties of denrantem: "Kupava", "Lada", "Raquel", "Talisman", "Citrus", "Edelweiss". All other species: Indian chrysanthemums, multiflora, other hybrid species and varieties, unfortunately, can only be used as annual or potted crops, storing them in winter in an frost-free room.
Dendranthes need quite fertile, loose, neutral soil in the sun.
Dendranthes vary in shape and size of the bush. They can be erect, roundish, spindle-shaped, low (up to 30 cm), curb, medium and high (up to 1 m). And in terms of flowering: early varieties bloom in mid-July, and the latest ones bloom in late October.
Read also our material. How to care for chrysanthemums?
3. Red oak
Red oak (Quercus rubra) in summer it is not very different from ordinary oak. It has a smoother gray bark and slightly different, narrower five-lobed leaves. When blooming, they are reddish in color, gradually turn green.
But in the fall it can not be confused with any other tree, the leaves of young trees turn deep red, and with age they become saturated red-brown, gradually turning into brown with decreasing temperature. And often the leaves stay on the tree until spring.
Oak is a large tree, but despite this, it is believed that it can be entered into a plot of any size, especially red oak, whose crown is more compact than that of an ordinary one.Red Oak (Quercus rubra).
Various types maple tree (Acer) many and they all have very beautiful autumn foliage - yellow, red or orange.
Unfortunately, the brightest and most elegant Japanese maples are not hardy. But you can choose other, quite winter-hardy species: ash-leaved (Acer negundo), holly (Acer platanoides). Varieties of the latter are also distinguished in the summer by a diverse color of leaves: golden - 'Golden Globe'magenta -'Krimson King' and 'Faassen's Black', green with a white border - 'Drummondii '. Also interesting false maple (Acer pseudoplatanus), Ginnala (Acer ginnala) and etc.
You can try experimenting with the Far Eastern species, many of which are similar in their cut foliage to Japanese maples, but are slightly more winter-hardy. In addition, the climate is gradually changing towards warming.
Norway maple (Acer platanoides).
Read also our material. The best deciduous decorative trees.
5. Geicher and heicherella
Do not be surprised to find heicher (Heuchera) and heicherella (× Heucherella) in this list. Many winter-green plants, such as frankincense, hellebore, survivors, greenbacks, etc., very much revive the autumn garden, recalling the continuity of the seasons, and the fact that not all plants lose their attractiveness in the winter.
Geicheras with their colorful leaves create a fancy carpet against a background of yellow and red leaves. In addition, they are now at the peak of popularity, a lot of very beautiful varieties of various colors have been bred.
Geicheri and heicherells feel fine in partial shade and even in the shade (though red-leaved varieties turn green with a significant lack of light), they are not too demanding on the soil, they are easily propagated by cuttings and division, they require very little attention: they can not be especially fertilized, because fatty heicher grows very quickly.Heichera (Heuchera).
6. Autumn anemones
My darlings, simple or double flowers of white, cream or pink-lilac color rise above the bush on high peduncles, like a flock of butterflies. Button buds and faded inflorescences of the same shape are very decorative.
If Anemone, or Anemone (Anemone) you will like the place where you plant it, it will grow from year to year. The best is light partial shade with fertile, moist, but well-drained soil. It is good to plant under the protection of a tree or shrubs.
In a place protected from the wind, it can winter without shelter, but it is better to mulch it for the winter and cover it with spruce branches.
The only drawback: delicate petals do not tolerate heavy rain very well. But there are usually a lot of buds, so anemone blooms for a very long time.Japanese Anemone (Anemone hupehensis var. Japonica).
7. Stonecuts and graces
Now we will not understand the exact classification of species and varieties. At the end of the last century, part of the plants of the family Crassulaceae from the family of stonecrops was transferred to the genus of stonecrops.
The differences between these two genera are noticeable mainly only to botanists, therefore, often gracious homes in life bear the old names of stonecrops. This, for example, stonecrop (right - grab) prominent (Hylotelephium spectabile) - the recognized king of the autumn garden.
He begins to pick up buds back in August and blooms until October, and in some years even until frosts.
It easily tolerates frost without losing its decorative effect. There are many attractive varieties. For example, Diamond, Xenox, Diamond Edge, Iceberg, etc.
Stonecrop is undemanding to soils, it can grow on the poor, but still shows better on light fertile soil. It is put up with partial shade, but reaches the greatest decorativeness in a sunny place.
A prominent accountant (Hylotelephium spectabile).
Read our detailed material Graduates in the garden - types and varieties, care, reproduction.
Deciduous euonymus (Euonymus) In the summer, nothing remarkable, even boring, I would say, shrubs. Their finest hour comes at the end of summer and autumn, when very decorative, flower-like fruits ripen, and the foliage is painted in all shades of pink and red.
Also revitalize your garden and evergreen varieties fortune euonymus (Euonymus fortunei): 'Emerald Gold', 'Emerald Gaiety', 'Silver Queen', 'Harlequin'. Many of them tolerate our winters perfectly under a layer of snow, in the summer they please with elegant variegated foliage, and in the fall they become even more decorative: their variegated leaves turn pink from low temperatures.
Read our detailed material on euonymus Beresklet - an ornamental shrub for bright autumn in the garden.
Chic large-leaved hydrangeas (Hydrangea macrophylla), you may have to start slightly sheltering at the end of September, with the onset of the first frosts. Such a measure is needed so that they do not damage the flower buds of the next year, on which this beauty blooms.
But panicle hydrangeas (Hydrangea paniculata) and tree-like (Hydrangea arborescens) absolutely winter-hardy in our climate, they bloom on the shoots of the current year and can please us with their dry inflorescences even in winter.
True, just before its onset, hydrangea inflorescences are still better to trim and tie the bushes so that the snow does not break them, but this is not necessary, chic caps of inflorescences can be left until spring.
Now many varieties of panicled hydrangea have been bred. Their inflorescences can remain white, turn green or blush to varying degrees. The bush can be of various sizes and shapes, depending on the variety and nature of the pruning. So you can choose panicle hydrangea for every taste and for any place in the garden - both in the sun and in partial shade.
No less attractive are tree hydrangeas with huge caps of flowers. They once bloomed in the gardens of our grandmothers, but have not lost their attractiveness and now, largely due to their unpretentiousness.
Today, tree hydrangeas, unlike the times of our grandmothers, also boast of diversity. There are varieties with pink flowers, for example, Pink annabelle, pink inflorescences of which resemble large-leaved hydrangeas; Pink pincushion with colors similar to pinheads; Bella anna with intensely pink inflorescences and large flowers; terry Hayes starburst and etc.
Depending on the pruning period, new inflorescences may appear until late autumn. Just be careful, do not cut the hydrangea at the time of the beginning of active sap flow in the spring, pruning must be done before or after this moment. And do not cut off faded inflorescences later than the end of August, otherwise young shoots will not have time to ripen before winter.
All hydrangeas need acidic, loose soil in light partial shade or in the sun, subject to regular moisture.
Panicled Hydrangea (Hydrangea paniculata).
Read our material Rules for growing tree hydrangeas.
10. Symphiotrichum, or Autumn Asters
Nerds are not easy, they are constantly redrawing the systematics of plants. So, studies of the genetics of plants in the family of asters forced to transfer many types of autumn asters to a new genus. Symphiotrichums (Symphyotrichum) are now calledshrub aster (Symphyotrichum dumosum), heather (Symphyotrichum ericoides), hearty (Symphyotrichum cordifolium), New Belgian (Symphyotrichum novi-belgii), New English (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae) and others, a total of 100 species.
But no matter how you call our beloved Octobrinks, they will always be welcome guests in our gardens. You can choose the types of different colors and sizes for different corners of the garden, one condition - a well-lit and well-ventilated place. The height of the bushes varies from 20-30 cm to 1.2-1.8 m. The color can be white, blue, pink and purple.
In order for the bushes to branch better, they must be nipped in June-July. The soil should be well-drained and not too fat. If plants are overfed with nitrogen, they will fatten to the detriment of flowering. Therefore, for autumn asters, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers must be applied predominantly.
Shrub aster (Symphyotrichum dumosum).
Read our detailed material on the types and care of autumn asters. American asters in garden design - types and varieties, care.
11. Decorative cabbage
I cannot but mention this annual as well. After all, it can withstand temperatures up to -5 or even -15 degrees, depending on the variety, without any loss of decorativeness. Not afraid of rain or snow.
Decorative cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) is used to decorate the garden or planter on the terrace. Various varieties of various colors make decorative cabbage look like a real luxurious flower.
But, in fact, this is the most ordinary cabbage. In principle, it can also be eaten (though, the leaves are rude, because the selection goes towards their thickening and strength).
Ornamental cabbage is grown by seedlings in March or sown directly in the ground in April, has a long growing season, is struck by keel on acidic soil (add lime or ash before planting), likes bright places and regular watering.
For greater decorativeness, do not overfeed it with nitrogen (in this case it will grow a lot of green leaves), it is better to feed it with phosphorus and potassium - the color will be brighter.
Ornamental cabbage looks great both with autumn flowers, asters and chrysanthemums, and in monoplants with a regular structure, for example, as a border.
Ornamental cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. Acephala).
See also our article Autumn Queen - Ornamental Cabbage.
Perhaps this list would not be complete without colchicum (Colchicum) This is a delicate and at the same time very persistent bulbous plant, which has the opposite. White and all shades of pink-lilac flowers appear in autumn directly from bare earth on leafless peduncles, and lush foliage grows only in spring, and even seeds on colchicum appear only in spring from overgrown leaves.
Delicate-looking flowers are not afraid even of the first snow and continue to bloom after it melts.
Colchicum bulbs are planted in early August in fertile, well-drained soil in a sunny place. Without digging, the plant can grow in one place for up to 5 years, and during this time it forms a beautiful curtain, but with the annual digging in the summer after wilting leaves, you can increase the number of bulbs.
Since lonely flowers on bare ground look somewhat lonely, colchicum is usually planted with curtains. I would also recommend combining it with winter-green plants, for example, frankincense, tenacious, zelenchuk, tiarells, to compensate for the lack of leaves.
Read our detailed material Touching tenderness of colchicum autumn.
Dear readers! Surely, the list of the most beautiful and persistent plants of autumn can be expanded. We welcome your comments! Please share the names of plants that give bright colors to your garden in the fall.