A garden without vertical elements seems boring and flat. With the help of elegant arches, massive pergolas, expressive obelisks, various lattices and trellis, the design is taken to a new level. And without colorful landscaping, harmony cannot be achieved. Adding expressiveness to the vertical relief of the garden, introducing interesting elements, a special category of plants, vines, is introduced into the garden. Curly and climbing, large and compact, decorative foliage, flowering and even berry - all these garden climbers are inimitable in their talents. They are very different, but absolutely irreplaceable.Arch entwined with clematis.
Soaring clouds, magnificent blooming waterfalls and bedspreads, green canopies ... What epithets alone do not deserve the beauty of the best garden vines. Their range is so great that anyone, even the most sophisticated amateur, can find their favorite. Fragrant or colorful, antique or fashionable, dense or lace, light or heavy, useful or purely decorative, durable or requiring regular rejuvenation and replacement - creepers are very different. And use them in the design of the garden is also very diverse.
The simplest classification of garden climbers divides plants into two groups:
- Annual garden vines.
- Perennial plants.
Violet creepers are much less common. They are used for seasonal design or in situations where you need to quickly solve the problem of masking unsightly places. But despite the fact that such climbers die annually, they have their own trump cards. Rapid growth, exotic flowering, vibrant colors, the ability to always change the appearance of the garden and unpretentiousness are drawing the attention of an increasing number of gardeners.
Best annual climbers:
- morning glory tricolor (Ipomoea tricolor), whose simple national name of bindweed does not detract from her beauty and talent at all to wrap around any support and decorate any corner;
- sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus) with its lace beauty and luxurious loose inflorescences with asymmetrical, spongy flowers attracting bees;
- rough oviparous (Eccremocarpus scaber), flaunting with original tubular flowers and no less original fruits - one of the most valuable low-winter crops;
- winged tunbergiaBlack-eyed Suzanne, or Black-eyed (Thunbergia alata) - a unique vine with dark leaves, against which simple yellow-orange or white large flowers sparkle with five petals and a contrasting black “eye”.
Perennial creepers are still favorites of landscape design. Long-lasting and reliable, decorating the garden for decades, they grow a little slower, but at the same time they create vertical accents for many years. The colors of foliage or flowering features, sizes and even functional purpose of different species are so different that they allow you to choose suitable plants for a variety of decorative tasks.
As in garden design in general, for many years among the garden vines the most spectacular or unusual types remained the most popular. But today, attention is again returning to cultures that do not require special care, differ not only in beauty, but also in endurance. Classical creepers - honeysuckle, climbing roses, girl's grapes, clematis, ivy - are always in fashion. But they have enough competitors.Wall of a house decorated with curly hydrangea petiolate
When choosing a creeper, it is worth remembering that decorative qualities are not at all the most important. Factors to Remember:
- Features of fastening creepers, the effect on the support or wall materials, the likelihood of damage to the base.
- The weight of the creeper.
- Correspondence of the size of the vine to the task of vertical gardening (balance of size, density, harmony with the surrounding landscape and design elements).
The functional use of vines can be very different. They can either hide or mask something, or play the role of decoration, decorative element.
Depending on the quality of the garden treetop, the five main roles of flowering and decorative deciduous vines are distinguished:
- Upholstery. Creating solid walls, screens, screens, decorating the facade, creating the feeling of a colorful canopy, carpet or living fabric - all these tasks are easily performed by large garden creepers.
- Line softening and harmonization. Too massive buildings, boring objects of small architecture, uninteresting details, a violation of the balance between the height, size, silhouette or massiveness of individual design elements can be hidden and softened with the help of soft lines of creepers. Whether it’s an acute angle, massive support or a feeling of stealing space - climbers are able to hide any imperfections that violate perception and balance.
- Decoration of boring planes. There is no more elegant way to mask empty, dull walls with a little decorative coating, to decorate high fences and fences or outbuildings. With the help of a creeper, even a boring garage or hozblok will fit into the appearance of the garden.
- Creating decorative illusions. Lianas are one of the main tools of tromple, optical traps and space perception control. The use of equally spaced supports with identical vines, a game with the effect of moving away and approaching, attracting the gaze to the start and end points - with the help of vines you can gently play with the visual perception of the garden and its individual zones.
- Underline shapes and lines. With the help of a liana, you can not only hide, but also beat, emphasize the most winning corners of the garden. Beautiful lines of the gazebo or pergolas, elegant stylish details, especially valuable objects of small architecture, relaxation corners, wall fountains ... A beautiful liana can attract attention and emphasize the special atmosphere no worse than any other accents.
Using the right selection of plants, you can solve any problems in the field of vertical gardening. Creepers look great on arches, obelisks, pyramids, columns, on all kinds of pergolas and defenses. With their help, decorate facades and walls, and where you need to create new ones, use lattice supports or trellises. Creepers allow you to introduce interesting elements into the garden - blended doors, balustrades, garden ruins. And how delightful they look at the pavilions and gazebos, climbing to a striking height!Climbing roses near the recreation area.
We will get acquainted with the best garden vines, which are widely used in vertical gardening. Hardy, popular, vibrant, they allow you to find your ideal climber to solve any problem and take the design of the garden to a new level.
For a list of the best plants for vertical gardening, see the next page.