Among the most interesting plants of the globe, maklura orange takes not the last place, surprising with its medicinal, economic, decorative and other properties. Maclura orange is a member of the mulberry family (Moraceae), which has more than 1700 species, occupying a very common area on earth. In many climatic regions of the globe, representatives of this family are met. Evergreen and deciduous woody, shrubby, lianoid, grassy forms grow in Iran, India, Europe and Asia.Maclura is orange, or maclura is apple-bearing (Maclura pomifera).
The family is known not only for medicinal or plants used in household life, but also for its belonging to food crops. This family includes the famous breadfruit, the fruit of which is used in a baked form, a cow tree for juice in large fruits, reminiscent of milk to taste. A worthy representative of the family is mulberry, the berries of which have a rejuvenating property and are used to rejuvenate the aging body of the elderly, and the leaves are used as food for silkworms. It should be noted that orange mackle in its places of growth is also used for silkworm feed, which "did not see" the difference in the supplied feed.
Macular Distribution Area
In the mulberry family, maclura is distinguished into a separate genus Maclura, which unites 11 species, including orange maclura, which received the international scientific name Maclura pomifera. In plant taxonomy, it has 6 synonyms that are practically not used in ordinary literature. In places of natural habitat is a huge number of synonyms: adam's apple, false orange, God's gift, Adam root, japanese orange, indian orange other.
The homeland of mackle is the southeastern United States. Widespread culture in Central Asia, in the southern regions of Russia, Ukraine, the Caucasus and Transcaucasia. It is found everywhere in Kazakhstan, in the Crimea, in the Stavropol Territory and the Krasnodar Territory.
Thanks to its frost resistance, it grows and develops in Russia, forming its marvelous crops, to the latitude of Voronezh. Such a wide range of distribution is associated with high wind resistance, winter hardiness, drought tolerance, and the ability to grow on saline soils. Of the 11 species, the most common as a decorative-deciduous culture of maclura is orange or it is also called fruitful maclura.Maclura Orange
Description of Maclura Orange
Maclura orange in natural conditions - tall slender trees, with a thick spreading crown and a branchy root deeply penetrating into the soil. The bark on the trunk and skeletal branches is dark brown, fractured. Cranked-bent perennial branches, all spiky shoots are characteristic. Spines up to 2.5 cm slightly bent, located in the leaf sinus. The leaves are dark green, shiny, ovoid. The edges of the leaves are whole, the location is regular. By autumn, the color of the leaves of the macular becomes elegant golden yellow color. In the first 10 years, it is characterized by unusually fast growth, which slows down over time.
Maclura orange flowers are light green in color. Male (staminate) flowers are collected in long earrings, and female (pistillate) flowers are in small spherical heads. Trees are especially spectacular during the fruiting period. Sprawling fruit in the form of a large orange (up to 12-15 cm in diameter) adorns the tree, hanging orange fruits weighing 400-600 g, covered with wrinkled peels.
Inside the fruit is milky juice. Outside, the fruits of the maclore are covered with a sticky composition that is difficult to wash off, so the harvest is carried out with gloves. The fruits ripen in October. They are inedible. Seedlings contain up to 300-400 seeds, stored for about 6-7 months. Seeds retain their germination for 1 year, so for propagation it is better to sow them in the soil immediately after harvesting.
What is attractive macular?
Use in landscape design
Maclura orange belongs to the group of decorative leafy plants decorated during fruiting with original fruit seeds, which are called Adam apples or Indian oranges. In the decorative gardening of park crops, it is practiced in the form of solitary and group plantings, elegant fringes that create partial shade for shade-tolerant shrubs and stunted trees. Maclura is widely used in anti-erosion plantations, in shelterbelts and meliorative plantings. In home breeding, it is used to create elegant hedges that reliably protect personal plots from the penetration of uninvited guests, including hares.
Using Maclura Orange at Home
Each piece of orange mackle is useful to humans and is used in everyday life. So its wood is strong, dense and at the same time flexible is very attractive in appearance. Golden yellow, as it were, filled with sunlight, is used as ornamental, including for the manufacture of furniture. According to its physical and mechanical properties, it is stronger than oak and therefore it is often used in engraving. Easy to polish, but difficult to drill. Carpentry with this wood is quite difficult. She is poorly planed and sawn.
American Aborigines Comanche and Osiji used mackle wood to make clubs and bows. Sports and hunting bows made of wood of maclore surpass in their qualities made of English yew.
Persistent yellow paint is obtained from the roots of the maclore, and high-quality glue is obtained from the resin of the fruit. In a person, the flesh of a maklura causes poisoning, accompanied by vomiting, and horses and livestock eat fruit without harm to themselves. They love the edible seeds of maklura forest squirrels.
For deeply penetrating branched root system, maclore is widely used in erosion control plantations, and for rapid growth in shelterbelts, in particular in Turkmenistan.Maclura orange.
The healing properties of macular orange
In wildlife, there is no plant that does not possess certain medicinal properties. Some are credited with such an extensive list of cures for diseases, including such complex ones as oncology of internal and external organs of various etiologies, that one involuntarily begins to wonder why these diseases are still considered incurable and no component of drugs has been found that will surely cure desperate patients with this terrible health eater and of life.
Moreover, the biological composition of macular fruits, studied by official medicine, confirmed their unique composition and recognized as one of the best natural immunomodulators. In the official medicine of many countries, they produce drugs for improving cardiac activity, antibiotics, and compositions for treating superficial wounds from the fruit of Maclura. In traditional medicine, the area of application is much wider.
- With fresh juice, macules painlessly remove warts (turn black and die). Stop bleeding from external wounds. Juice from the fruits of maklura - a good wound healing.
- Preparations from fruits (tinctures, decoctions, ointments) have a unique ability to encapsulate neoplasms and dissolve tumors. Maclura is popularly called for this property. tree of despair, for the ability to resist the development of malignant and benign neoplasms even in the later stages. The action of the medicinal formulations of mackle is based on blocking the tumor with nutrients due to its encapsulation (inside the capsule, it dies from “hunger”). In case of cancer, treatment should be taken only under the advisory supervision of a doctor and at the same time (courage must be gained) refuse antibiotics, alcohol, and other drugs. Remember! In this case, consultations with a doctor, his constant monitoring are mandatory. In no case do not use treatment for macular diabetes.
- In chronic fatigue syndrome, decoctions act as an effective tonic. Decoctions and tinctures have an antiviral property, increase immunity. Reception of alcohol tincture (drops, not spoons) restores the elasticity of blood vessels and capillaries. It acts as an anti-sclerotic agent that strengthens the cardiovascular system.
- On the basis of the fruits of maklura, drugs are prepared that act as painkillers and anti-inflammatory. Ointments and infusions are used in the treatment of radiculitis, gout, polyarthritis, erysipelas, lupus, trophic ulcers, postoperative scars.
- Ointments made according to special recipes help with intervertebral hernias, salt deposits, cancer of the skin and rectum, mastopathy, hemorrhoids, lichen, dermatitis.
The enumeration of the beneficial properties of maklura endlessly. But they should be prepared and used carefully, always having first consulted with a doctor. This is necessary because of the high effectiveness of the compositions in the treatment, especially when taking the drugs inside. In independent use, ointments, decoctions and tinctures can be used for external use: treatment of cuts, bruises, wounds, including purulent ones.
Effectively rubbing in inflammatory processes of radiculitis, joint pain, spurs. Wounds are lubricated with ointment, or a bandage soaked in tincture is applied, and closed with a bandage. In inflammatory processes, tincture before bedtime is rubbed into a sore spot, covered with a napkin made of natural material, wrapped in a woolen blanket.Maclura fruit in a section.
- Cooking tincture at home for external use the usual. Fruits of maklura cut into slices, fill the container to the neck, pour strong vodka or 50% alcohol, tightly close. The solution is infused for at least 6 months, but after 10-15 days the drug can be used.
- Decoction prepared in the following way. 2 tablespoons of green leaves of maklura or 1 spoon of dry fall asleep in a glass (250 g) of boiling water, tightly cover the container with a lid and turn off the gas. Leave the solution to cool gradually. After 15-20 minutes, the warm solution is ready for use.
- Ointment preparation. For external use, you can prepare the ointment yourself. To do this, you need to buy fresh lard (not salty), melt in a water bath. You can melt in other ways, but do not fry. Pass the fruit of the maklura through a meat grinder. Prepare a mixture consisting of 5 parts of fruit with 2 parts of pork fat. Fill the clay burnt pot with the mixture. Top with a cake of raw dough and simmer for 24 hours in an oven over very low heat or in a water bath. Strain, cool. The ointment is ready to use.
Growing and propagating macular
The remarkable properties of mackle, the possibility of use in everyday life and treatment, high decorativeness deserve not only interest, but also the desire to have such a valuable culture on your site. The agricultural technology of planting and caring for orange mackle (as well as other members of the family) is not complicated. During the growing season, as the top layer dries up, the mackerel is watered, the trunks are loosened and the weeds are removed. Top dressing of adult plants is optional. Sanitary cleaning of the crown is carried out annually, and forming once every 3-4 years.
Acquired fresh seeds of orange maclore must necessarily go through a period of stratification at low temperatures. Stratification of fresh seeds can be carried out in the refrigerator and sown in the spring to a depth of 3-4 cm in the horizontal line method.
With autumn sowing of orange maclore, a separate stratification is not required. The fertility is cut into 5-8 lobes and each, laying sideways, is embedded in the soil in a 3-5 cm layer. In spring, seedlings appear in separate heaps. It is necessary to thin out or peck on a separate site.
Seeds of orange maclore grow very quickly, and by autumn reach 0.8-1.0 m in height. During the growing season, normal care: watering 1 time in 3 weeks with the addition of fertilizing with full mineral fertilizer (nitroammophosk) at the rate of 20-40 g / sq. m. At the age of 1-2 years, the resulting seedlings can be planted permanently. When transplanting and leaving, be careful. Dry macule spines are poisonous; living spines are not.
In addition to the seed, vegetative propagation of maclore is widely used by layering, root offspring, as well as rooted cuttings. It is best used for vegetative propagation of root crops - ready-made planting stock.