Flower garden and landscape

Star ionopsium and the secrets of its cultivation


Ionopsodium both in flower beds and in containers seems to be charming, quivering and fragile baby. But he is not so simple. This is one of the most modest in flowering, but at the same time invariably attracting the attention of annual garden plants. The rapidly filling the shelves of the garden centers of the ionopsium have many decorative and purely practical advantages. Reaching a height of no more than 10 cm, he forms a strikingly lush pillow of small and seemingly exuding freshness of rounded leaves on which flower stars glow. But the main trump card of ionopsodium is a combination of touching flowering with unusual shadeliness and ease of cultivation.

Ionopsidium stemless (Ionopsidium acaule)

The exquisite simplicity of the ionopsodium

Ionopsodium (Ionopsodium) is an annual of 5 to 10 cm tall with brightly colored greens and surprisingly touching flowers. Cold-resistant plants develop in the form of a creeping lush bush of small, whole, rounded or ovoid-shaped leaves that create a very dense and bright pillow. The color of greens is saturated, grassy, ​​warm. Peduncles are very slender, straight, which only emphasizes the trepidation of flowers. They consist of only four petals, about 0.5 cm in diameter, very pretty, pale lilac and fragrant. Against the backdrop of such a dense rug of greenery, the flowers look like a scattering of shining stars.

The only drawback of the ionopsium is a fairly short flowering period. It blooms for a month, in favorable conditions - 1.5 months, but only if it does not receive enough care in order to stretch a colorful wave of flowering.

The use of ionopsodium in landscape design:

  • for decorating decorative pots and unusual containers, containers, window and balcony drawers;
  • as a low papillary plant in potted gardens, mixed compositions in flower girls, in combination with higher shrubs or tree plants in pots and tubs as a "stock";
  • for registration of paths and creation of temporary borders, filling gaps between stones and plates in paths and platforms, for borders around a lawn;
  • for landscaping shaded areas and crevices in rock gardens, rockeries, under the supporting walls;
  • in the foreground shady flower beds as a filler of voids and a textural accent, in the shade under tall bushes and perennials to mask the base of the shoots;
  • in landscape spots on the lawn and glades from groundcover with other flowering periods.
Ionopsodium stemless

Comfortable conditions for Ionium

Ionopsodium, despite its tiny size, is a fairly hardy and non-capricious plant. This summer with rounded leaves and numerous flowers up to 6 mm in diameter, sitting on thin peduncles, despite its apparent fragility, tolerates night cooling and even light frosts. And the growing conditions for him are very easy to choose.

Ionopsodium, unlike most flyers, is a shade-loving plant and feels uncomfortable in sunny locations. It blooms most colorful and grows rapidly only in a fairly secluded, scattered partial shade. Choosing the conditions for illumination, focus on partial shade, diffused combined lighting, places in which direct sunlight will not fall on the ion podium.

Usually ionopsodium is planted in shaded areas of the garden, in crevices between large boulders, in the northern part of the rock garden, and is also used to decorate paths and create blooming spots on the lawn or frame them. It is very good in container culture: it can be used as a plant that can bring freshness and revitalization to any shaded corner.

Given the modest size of the ionopsium, the site of its landing should be carefully selected. This culture is easily lost on the background of large-flowered summer trees and on flower beds when planting lonely plants, but when placed in a group creates amazingly beautiful textures. The ion podium is also good in solo parts: far from competitors, it makes a surprisingly vivid impression.

The choice of soil for ionopsium

This flyer does not respond very well to too dry conditions and lack of moisture. He needs to provide well-drained soil, loose and light in texture, but still quite fresh. Ionopsodium blooms better in sandy loam soil, but can actively develop in loams. This summer can not be grown in too dense, swampy, "neglected" soil. But ionopsodium is not very demanding on soil nutrition.

Ionopsodium stemless

Features of caring for ionopsium

Caring for the ionopsium actually comes down to maintaining a constant, even at least light, soil moisture. Both plants growing in separate containers and in the open ground will gratefully respond to timely watering. Ionium is not afraid of drought, but only for a short time. Drying of the soil does not have a favorable effect on the duration of the flowering period, which can be drastically reduced. That is why from the beginning of flowering for this summer it is better to introduce preventive irrigation with a frequency of at least 1 time per week. Ionsodium growing in containers is watered daily.

Since the ionopsium grows in the form of a very dense pillow, it itself does not give a chance to weeds. Weeding is needed only if weeds are actively developing after transplanting seedlings and until the seedlings are still strong and thickened. Loosening the soil and mulching this crop will not be needed. As well as top dressing, an ionopsodium is sufficient for at least a slightly nutritious soil.

In addition to watering, you will have to take care of yourselves only to prolong the flowering of ionopsodiums. For this small annual, it is enough to pinch the tops of the shoots after flowering or to have a light haircut - and the ionopsium again blooms again in a few weeks. And for those who have fallen in love with the tenderness of star flowering and want to enjoy it longer, they need to sow seeds during June and July to obtain seedlings, which can be replaced with the very first plantings throughout the season before frosts.

Pests and diseases of ionopsodium

This annual is virtually invulnerable to diseases and pests. The only exception is gray rot, which spreads very quickly throughout the plant under conditions of waterlogging of the substrate. In addition, in the vicinity of diseased crops, a medium-sized summerman quickly becomes infected with powdery mildew. If signs of powdery mildew appear on flower beds or in potted gardens, it is necessary to immediately take measures for its prevention on ionopodiums (spraying plantings with insecticides).

Ionopsidium stemless (Ionopsidium acaule)

Ionopsodium propagation

This annual of small height is propagated with just one method - seeds. Ionopsodium can be sown directly in the soil or grow a plant through seedlings, achieving a much earlier onset of flowering. But since the ionopsium does not respond very well to transplantation, sowing directly at the growing site is preferable. They are not afraid of late terms for sowing and delaying the flowering period, because this crop has an accelerated vegetation cycle and the summer will bloom a few weeks after the first shoots appear.

For seedlings, it is best to sow the seeds of ionopsodium in April and May, only slightly covering them with a layer of sifted soil. Sowing in the soil in the middle band can only be done at the end of May-June.

The optimum temperature for seed germination is 13-17 degrees Celsius, while the ionopsiums do not “hatch” long enough and the whole process from sowing to emergence can take up to 3 weeks. Growing young seedlings is standard - with thinning, weeding and watering.