When is it better to plant seedlings of fruit crops?


This question is asked by many gardeners, especially beginners. Usually this is how it all happens: the family buys a house with a plot and immediately removes everything from there, and then it begins to think what, where, and most importantly - when to plant. First, the eye falls on the seedlings of fruit trees. There are a lot of them in the pictures: apple trees, pears, cherries, plums and so on, mouth-watering, large, juicy, tasty.

Apple tree seedlings

Cons landing in the fall:

  • there may be a sharp arrival of cold weather, which can kill seedlings, especially in the northern regions and those gardeners who plant a garden on the hills, due to the presence of close standing groundwater;
  • “dishonest” nurseries sometimes put in the foreground second-rate planting material, leaving the best in the spring, so you need to be careful about the proper quality of the seedlings;
  • Autumn is long and very dry, it is necessary to carry out a large number of irrigation, literally casting seedlings;
  • usually in the fall, seedlings are much more expensive, because in the spring residues are sold, which are usually simply thrown away if they are not sold, and in the fall there are queues for the seedlings;
  • it is necessary to look for a place for digging seedlings, if you come across quality ones;
  • Be sure to planted seedlings you need to protect the trunks from hares and mice, wrapping them with a plastic net until the first branch.

But spring has come, which can be completely different. It will suddenly begin almost in February, or it will be dragged by cold and frozen soil until May, so that you won’t get anything out of the digging, everything is frozen. But in the spring usually there is a lot of moisture, first of all, it is moisture from the melted snow. Therefore, you do not need to carry buckets and watering cans, you do not need to throw hoses into the trunk strips to save plants from drying out.

Seedlings of cherry trees.

Spring planting of fruit seedlings in various regions

In the southern regions, landing is sometimes carried out already at the end of March, in the center it is April or the very beginning of May, in the north - mid-May, sometimes closer to the beginning of May.

In the spring, you can just plant stone fruits, those that you and I dug in a secluded corner, where there is a lot of snow and few rodents.

So, as soon as the soil begins to crumble well in the hand, you can begin to plant the plants. During this period, the soil is full of moisture, but if you have dug a landing hole and the soil does not look well moistened, you can pour a bucket of water into it. The main thing, when planting stone fruits, in no case do not deepen the root neck.

Even after the subsidence of the soil, it should be a couple of centimeters above the soil level, otherwise the plant will rot and die. In pome crops, the root neck can also not be deepened, but here its deepening will affect the date of entry into fruiting - you will wait five years longer for the fruits.

Pros of spring planting

  • dishonest nurseries will please with first-class planting stock, which they saved in the spring, because they know that in spring trade is not so intense and you can’t sell any nonsense; but you need to carefully examine the seedlings: whether they were frozen, dried up, because who knows where and how they were stored;
  • in the soil, as a rule, there is a lot of moisture (this is moisture from melting snow), but you can always add it, the main thing is to have time to place seedlings before budding, so that the root system begins to work faster in the soil and activates the growth of the aerial mass of plants;
  • spring is a great time for planting stone fruits; they take root 100% if the seedlings are not damaged and not sick;
  • it’s warm and pleasant to work in the garden in spring, the icy wind doesn’t penetrate, therefore all planting work is carried out, as a rule, more efficiently, and not “quickly planted somehow and ... in heat”, as in autumn.

Cons of spring planting

  • “honest” nurseries sold all the quality material and the best varieties in the fall, and now they have leftovers, the second grade and not the standard, albeit cheaper, but possibly with defects, so you need to be careful when choosing;
  • among other things, in the nursery, if stored improperly, seedlings can already be sold with open buds; such should not be taken even with a big discount, the probability that they will not take root is high;
  • spring is insanely fleeting time, it is necessary to have time to plant a seedling before buds open, otherwise it may not take root;
  • the springs are different, sometimes rich in moisture, and sometimes the soil is like sand in the desert; then, after planting, watering is necessary, the plant should literally be cast until it starts growing, until young shoots appear, but special care must be taken in stone fruit crops: if the root neck has stagnant water, the neck can begin the rumble and the tree may well perish;
  • often in spring the soil is not as dense as in autumn, so it is imperative to provide for the installation of support pegs, otherwise a gust of wind or careless handling of the seedling may incline it; and if this is not noticed in time, then it will grow crookedly;
  • in the spring, immediately after planting, it is desirable to set pheromone traps and preventive treatments with 3% Bordeaux liquid can be carried out.

Here, in principle, all the advantages and disadvantages of the spring planting of seedlings of pome seeds and stone fruits. Based on this, make a decision: either now (when autumn) to run to nurseries for seedlings or wait until spring.