Touching garden anemones and poppies are plants that are similar in type of flowering. Despite the fact that they are present on the garden scene for a limited time, and even after flowering, foliage is more likely to spoil than decorate ensembles, they are still ranked among the most popular garden cultures today. And here is another plant similar to a poppy in bloom, an argemon is rarely found offensively. And meanwhile, it is argemona - the most talented annual plant with quivering cups of flowers. Her leaves are luxurious, and the flowering lasts a long time, and the aroma cannot be called unique. And this is not to mention the variety of species and varieties, ease of cultivation and excellent melliferous qualities! Argemona is so good that it’s hard not to fall in love with her.Argemone broad (Argemone platyceras).
Getting closer with a prickly, but very friendly argon
Argemons appeared in Europe only in the 19th century. But over two centuries they managed to win the title of a very special plant, which has no analogues in modern landscape design. Cheeky, beautifully flowering, with original foliage, argemons offer to add a game of textures, colors and effects to the composition. They immediately attract attention and simply can not help but like. Indeed, for every gardener, the argemon has his own talent.
Argemon (Argemone) is a charmingly large and impregnable plant representing the poppy family. Argemons reach a height of at least 45 cm, and the best varieties and species in favorable conditions even shoot flower stalks to a meter high. Her foliage seems smart, if not ceremonial. And despite the fact that you can’t touch the plant, it will surely become one of the most original spots in your flower beds and discounts. Very attractive, bluish leaves of the argemon are spiky, tough and have one of the most striking "metallic" effects. Their texture, lace pattern, density can compete with any perennial. And foliage is considered no less proud of argon than flowering.
And the inflorescences of this plant are indeed no less striking. Outwardly similar to poppies, they are trembling like anemones. After all, flowers of argemony react to the slightest movement of air, are constantly in motion and seem surprisingly tender against such rough, spiny leaves. The contrast of translucent and quivering petals and metal spines of greenery brings the image of the argemony to perfection. All decorative argemon inflorescences are very large.
You will not find such aroma as in argemony in any other garden plant. Not the strongest, but unusually sweet, it is so bewitching that all the honey bees and butterflies flock to its originality.
An important "trump card" of argemones is the duration of flowering. It lasts literally until the very frosts, and not the first frosts, because the argemon is not afraid of not only spring, but also autumn frosts and sometimes continues to bloom even when the temperature drops to -10 at night (on a warm day). Starting at the beginning or middle of summer, the flowering of argemones, both in abundance and in tirelessness, can compete even with the recognized kings of ampels.Argemone broad (Argemone platyceras).
The only thing in which the argemon is inferior to competitors is the variety of colors. The color scheme of this plant is limited by gentle, pastel variations of white, cream and yellow. Argemons with a lilac-purple color are less common, and even representatives of the genus with brighter flowers belong only to the most prickly argemone wide.
Types and varieties of argemones
Argemons are far from boring plants in terms of species diversity. The genus of these plants includes more than two dozen perennial plants, but in decorative gardening only 4 species are used:
- broad argon;
- large-flowered argemon;
- white argon;
- Mexican Argemon.
They are united by a surprisingly beautiful, to a varying degree, prickly greens and large inflorescences that bloom relentlessly until the frosts. Despite the fact that any argemon is a perennial, it is grown more often as an annual culture.
Argemona large-flowered (Argemone grandiflora) is a compact and relatively tender plant. This is the least prickly type of argemon, which should not be contacted anyway. The bushes are dense, the shoots are cut to half, decorated with white veins, which surprisingly well emphasize the metallic tint of the leaves. Reaching a height of only half a meter, the large-flowered argemon seems to be a touching and watercolor plant. Its flowers in diameter reach almost 10 cm, their color is delicate, pastel cream or white, with light green tint inside the cup. The effect of extraordinary luminous flowering is enhanced by the fact that the flowers are brought together and bloom in loose inflorescences. It is very easy to recognize this argemon by the yellow juice that secrets the plant in sections.Argemon large-flowered (Argemone grandiflora).
Despite the fact that argemona wide (Argemone platyceras) - the most prickly of the Argemon, it is she who is called the most reverent and touching. Plants with a height of only 45 cm thickly branch and produce a stunningly beautiful mass of bluish leaves, against which 10-11-centimeter flowers seem luminous saucers. Snow-white and slightly “crushed” petals that are sensitive to any breath, yellow stamens on red “threads” and a purple pestle are all unusual in this argemon. In addition to the basic form, there is a variety of argemony broad with purple-pink color.
Argemona White (Argemone alba) is the most powerful member of the genus. This plant seems wilder, more violent than other argemons. Reaching a height of 70 cm to 1 meter, the plant forms a thick and lush mass of shoots branching at the top, strewn with gray spiny leaves. The flowers of this species are cup-shaped, large, up to 6 cm in diameter and are only white in color. Abundant flowering begins in late June.
Unlike white argemons, mexican poppy, or argemona mexican (Argemone Mexicana) - the plant is quite modest in height. Bushes grow up to 30-40 cm, leaves and stems are covered with a bluish waxy coating. The plant is very prickly, with thorns located both below the leaves, and on the sepals, and on the stems. This is a yellow-flowering anemone, with large, up to 5 cm in diameter, flowers of light or intense yellow color. Mexican argemon blooms only with the advent of July.Argemone Mexican, or Mexican poppy (Argemone Mexicana). Argemon white (Argemone alba). Argemone broad (Argemone platyceras).
In landscape design, argemon is used:
- as a soloist for decorating lawns, clearings, filling slopes, decorating supporting walls (especially in large spots);
- for decorating rocky gardens - both in rockeries and on alpine hills;
to fill voids and bald spots, quick gardening of unappealing parts of the garden (in particular with unfavorably dry or poor soil);
- in wide discounts or as a point decoration on mixborders;
- as a powerful honey plant;
- as a cutting plant: unlike poppy and anemone, the argemon will stand in bouquets for more than a week (after cutting, the ends of the shoots need to be burned or dipped in boiling water).
Argemony Growing Strategy
Deciding whether annual or perennial is a culture is far from easy. Argemona is grown mainly as an annual, even in warm regions, and the flowering time in it is similar to annual plants. Despite the fact that the argemon is quite cold-resistant, it will not be able to winter in the middle zone. And even in a pot culture, its flowering lasts a long time, the plant is prone to rapid degeneration and, as a rule, does not bloom at all in the following years. Argemon is best treated exactly like an airman. Growing it is amazingly simple, it will not take even minimal effort to plant. And it is better to sow new plants annually without worrying about preserving the old ones.Argemone broad (Argemone platyceras)
Conditions needed by the Argemons in the garden
Choosing a comfortable place in the garden for an argemon is easy. After all, the plant has strict requirements for only one parameter - lighting. This is a photophilous summerman, which blooms more massive than in a more sunny place. No drafts, no winds, nor the most desiccating southern slopes, the argemons are completely afraid.
As for the soil, argonema can be grown literally on any soil - from high-quality to poor, rocky, sandy. Argemon is believed to be able to bloom even on uncultivated soil. But the choice of soil directly affects the care required by the plant. If you want to not take care of argemons at all, plant them only on well-drained soil with high fertility rates. For the poor, nutrition will have to be included in the care program. But since they will need to be carried out for a limited period of time, only a month or two, even the poorest soil in the rockery will not cause the plant to be capricious and will not burden your garden work calendar too much. But one attention should be paid to one characteristic of the soil: the argemon does not tolerate overmoistening. Never plant a plant in lowlands, in clefts and ravines, and also in soil where there is at least the slightest risk of stagnation of rainwater or a high level of groundwater.
Argemona is almost the only one who is not sensitive to temperature extremes. She is not afraid of late spring frosts even at a young age, she does not suffer from sharp drops between day and night temperatures. And in the fall, when all the other flyers fearfully stop flowering, the argemon will hold steady until the frost itself. After all, the first frosts and slight nighttime drops in temperature below 0 are not at all frightening to her. And in order for blooming argemons to show off flowers, they will not need to be protected.Spiny Mountain Poppy (Argemone chisosensis).
Thanks to the very simple agrotechnology of crops, growing argemones is no harder than conventional garden perennials. No summerman can compete with her on this parameter, this is the most unpretentious and grateful seasonal plant.
All the specifics of agricultural technology is determined by the extreme sensitivity of the argemon to transplant. The roots of the plant can’t just not be disturbed: even the earthen lump on the edges of the containers of growing seedlings should never be damaged. That is why argonema is rarely planted in seedlings, preferring a more productive and simple method of sowing seeds directly into the soil.
At the same time, the seeds of the plant must be treated practically like seedlings, sowing them not in rows and not in bulk, but in the holes in which they will grow. At the place of cultivation, you should carefully dig and loosen the soil, if you want to simplify the maintenance, add mineral and organic fertilizers to it. Then with a knife or manually create small holes, place seeds in them (2-4 seeds each), covering them with 1.5 cm of soil on top.
If you still decide to use seedlings (having grown it yourself or bought it), remember that when planting argemons, you can not even partially affect the earthen lump. The most reasonable option is seedlings in peat pots, which will allow you not to touch the substrate at all. Planting seedlings is carried out in small individual pits, with the obligatory plentiful watering. Optimal dates are May.
The distance to neighboring plants and between argemons should be the same. And when planting seedlings, and when sowing seeds into the soil, the recommended distance is 30 cm.Argemone Mexican, or Mexican poppy (Argemone Mexicana).
Argemon Care Rules
Argemons practically do not need care. Only plants that grow on poor soils need more attention, but caring for such specimens cannot be called anything other than minimal.
Argemons do not need watering. But if you want to achieve an impressive flowering, to observe how not 2-3 flowers, but dozens of magnificent inflorescences bloom on the bush, then provide the watering argemone during the drought. They should be infrequent, moderate enough, just not allowing too long drying of the soil. Argemona does not tolerate systematic, regular and plentiful watering. This plant is very afraid of getting wet, any waterlogging. And too active watering can literally ruin your argemon.
Top dressing is applied only on depleted soil. From the moment of thinning out the seedlings or planting the seedlings in the soil, the argemons should receive a portion of full mineral fertilizers every 2 weeks (nitrofoska is perfect). But you need to continue such dressing only until flowering begins. As soon as at least one flower blossoms on the argemon, you can forget about careful care, and stop feeding completely. No more procedures will be needed even to stimulate longer flowering: the argemon will bloom until frost.
That's all the procedures that can be carried out with the plant. Due to the pricklyness of the leaves, even a large-flowered argemon, a relatively tender appearance, is not recommended to be touched. Specific greens make it impossible and unnecessary to weed, and mulch the soil, and loosen it. Argemon also does not need to "clean", because the plant discards wilted flowers on its own. And do not even carry out the removal of bushes before winter: there will be no trace of the argemon in the spring.
This plant is not afraid of either pests or diseases. And even if it grows on a totally infected flowerbed, the argemon itself will not suffer. All that can destroy a plant is too loving care, including constant overflows.Argemone sheltered, or Chikalote, or Spiny Poppy (Argemone munita).
For this plant, there is only one method of reproduction - seed. True, the strategies can be different:
- Outdoor cultivation is the most popular and productive method. Seeds are sown in April-May, placing 3-5 seeds in one hole (and not in the ridges) and planting them in the soil to a depth of about one and a half centimeters (after emergence, they are thinned out);
- Growing through seedlings is not very welcome, because the argemon does not like to disturb plants and seedlings will need to be grown in small peat pots. Seeds are also sown several at once in a container in which they will be grown, and seedlings are transferred to the ground along with the entire mass of earthen coma and peat pot in May. Germination of seeds is best done under the film, while bright lighting is a must. If you want to use the classical technique, then dive the argemon at the cotyledon stage, until the formation of full leaves.