Okra is also called okra and gombo. This plant is from the same family of malvaceae as cotton and garden mallow. Develops from two to six stems. In the axils of the leaves, fruits are formed in the form of 4-8 faceted pods (they are called boxes), in which the seeds are enclosed. Interesting: at the dawn of our century, Anton Pavlovich Chekhov successfully raised okra in the suburbs (Melikhovo).
Unripe okra pods with seeds are placed as a seasoning in soups and sauces, which are enriched with taste and acquire a pleasant consistency. Unripe grains may well replace green peas, and "ripe gombo" is prepared from mature and roasted ones.Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus)
Okra is rich in beneficial substances, as well as ascorbic acid and other vitamins. Seeds contain up to 20% olive oil. It is noticed that okra helps to restore the depleted forces of the body. Due to the presence in the pods of a large number of mucous substances, okra is valuable for patients with peptic ulcer disease, as well as those suffering from gastritis. DecoctionOkra (Abelmoschus esculentus)
from the fruits of okra used for bronchitis. In all cases, okra is used only in the phase of 3-5-day ovaries, later they quickly become rough, become stiff and inedible.
Okra is a heat-demanding plant, like eggplant. Therefore, it is cultivated only in the southern regions of the country. But amateurs can grow in the middle zone of Russia, when planting potted seedlings of 30-45 days old under film shelters and in warm soil, placing plants in one row at a distance of 30 cm from each other in a row. Beadless seedlings do not take root, because its root is rod with a small number of lateral branches.
Okra seeds germinate well at 20-22 °. In open ground, the feeding area is 60x30 cm, the depth of seed placement is 3-5 cm, depending on the soil. Okra grows better on light fertile lands, a cucumber may be the precursor. It is not bad at the same time to add humus in a mixture with mineral fertilizers. Plants from the moment of seed germination, like eggplant, should be provided with phosphate fertilizers.
Okra seedlings appear in 10-15 days, depending on weather conditions. For the growth and fruiting of plants, a temperature of at least 20 ° is necessary; in dry weather, do not forget to water, especially during the harvest period. Under film shelters moisture inOkra (Abelmoschus esculentus)
the soil lasts longer, but the humidity there is higher. Therefore, you have to resort to airing, lifting the film from the leeward side. The temperature of the air under the film should not be allowed to rise above 30 °.
Okra is fed with a combined mineral fertilizer, for example, nitrophos. Give no more than 2 tablespoons per bucket of water; during the fruiting period, they are fed with potassium nitrate (in the same dose).
Two months after sprouting, early varieties of okra bloom, and another five days later they begin to collect fruits. Charges are repeated in the south every other day, in the middle lane - every 3-5 days. Remember, fruits that are not taken on time become inedible. Fruiting lasts until frost. By the way, an adult plant withstands frosts to minus 2 °, but with the onset of cold weather, the growth of fruits slows down sharply. When harvesting, caution is necessary, since the plants are covered with dense, fine pubescence and itching may appear on the skin in contact with them.Okra flower
In addition to use in okra soups, sauces of excellent quality were prepared.
In some countries, okra is widely used as food. For example, in Bulgaria, a salad is made from young okra cooked in salted water. Lemon juice mixed with sunflower oil is added to it, then finely chopped parsley greens are placed, black pepper is added to taste. The salad is mixed, spread on a plate and garnished with slices of tomatoes.