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The best new varieties and hybrids of onions

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Without onions, it is difficult to imagine a dining table, it is in salads, soups and main dishes, it is loved in all kinds, including raw. Onions - a vegetable crop with a rich history, proven by man for years of growing in vegetable gardens. Since ancient times, onions not only “flavored” fresh food, but also used it as a means of increasing immunity, relieving scurvy and various other ailments. It is believed that a more affordable and effective remedy for colds was not previously and still is not.

Varieties of onions

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Apparently, this is precisely why this culture appeared next to man and on his desk not just centuries, but millennia ago. There was no limit to the surprise of archaeologists when a scroll was found in one of the tombs in the Egyptian pyramid, mentioning the healing properties of onions. This suggests that the culture was known and grown thousands of years before the birth of Christ.

The homeland of onions is considered to be the Mediterranean and Asia. He was brought to Europe by the Romans. Onions gained maximum popularity not due to their medicinal, but namely their taste qualities that can transform any dish, from a piece of fried meat to a complex soup.

Of course, onions grown in ancient Egypt and cultivated now, these are quite different plants that differ in taste characteristics, in the mass of the bulb, the period of its storage and other parameters. All this was obtained thanks to the hard work of breeders. At the moment, in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation, there are about 367 varieties of this vegetable crop. The very first varieties were included in the State Register in the distant 1943, that is, even during the Great Patriotic War, breeding work did not stop, these were cultivars: Arzamas local, Besson local, Spanish 313, Mster local, Rostov local and Strigunovsky local.

Since then, breeding work has not stopped, it is actively being conducted and more and more new varieties and hybrids are created, which surpass old cultivars in a number of indicators. Let’s talk today about the most interesting novelties of onion selection that are suitable for growing in a particular area and which have incorporated all the advantages of the varieties produced earlier.

So, in this article we will talk about the latest onion selection, about varieties and hybrids created in 2016 and 2017. Novelties are created for certain regions of cultivation, so we will list them together with recommended regions.

Varieties and hybrids of onions for the Central region

Let's start with the third region, Central. There are a lot of new products, these are varieties and hybrids: Champion F1, Forward, Svetoch, Rawhide F1, Red Hawk F1, Potemkin, Kerzhak, Gold of summer, Euro 12, Braxton F1, Boatswain, Wrestler F1, Ataman and Entre.

Bulb onions Champion F1, this is an early ripe hybrid, having a rounded bulb shape weighing up to 132 g. Dried scales are usually brown in color, and juicy - white-green. The number of dry flakes is three or four. The taste of succulent scales is considered semi-sharp. Productivity reaches 530 centners per hectare. Maturation after ripening is complete. Recommended for cultivation in the Central, Volga-Vyatka and North Caucasus regions.

Bulb onions Forward, medium ripening variety. Bulbs have a rounded shape and weight in 95-98 g. The dried scales have a brown color, and juicy - white-green. There are not many dry flakes, two or three. The taste of juicy bulb scales is peninsular. The maximum yield per hectare is about 670 centners. The ripening of the variety after ripening is complete. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region.

Bulb onions Svetoch, medium ripening variety. Bulbs have a rounded shape and mass in 62-78 g. Both dry and juicy scales of white color. There are a lot of dried scales, usually four or five. The taste of juicy bulb scales is peninsular. The maximum productivity of a variety per hectare is about 500 centners. After ripening, maturation is complete. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region.

Bulb onions Rawhide F1, this is a mid-early ripening hybrid. Bulbs are round in shape and weigh from 75 to 88 g. Dried scales are usually brown in color, and juicy - white-green. Dry flakes are usually three. The taste of the bulb is peninsular. The maximum yield per hectare is about 656 centners. Aging after ripening is close to complete - 94-96%. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region.

Bulb onions Red Hawk F1is a hybrid of medium maturity. Bulbs have a rounded shape, reach a mass in 85-98 g. Dry scales of red color, juicy - pink-red. Dry flakes are usually two or three. The taste of juicy flakes of the bulb is peninsular. The maximum yield per hectare reaches 1314 centners. Maturation after ripening is complete. Recommended for cultivation in the Central and Lower Volga regions.

Onion Champion F1 Onion Rowheid F1 Onions Red Hawk F1

Bulb onions PotemkinThis is a medium ripening variety. The shape of the bulbs of this variety is transverse narrowly elliptic, their mass is about 75-88 g. The dried scales have a red-pink hue, juicy - white-red. Dry scales from two to three. The taste of the bulb is peninsular. The maximum yield reaches 530 centners per hectare. Aging after ripening 94-96%. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region.

Bulb onions KerzhakThis is a medium ripening variety. Bulbs have a rounded shape, the mass reaches 78 g. The dried scales are yellow-brown, and juicy whitish-greenish. There are three or four dry scales. The taste of juicy flakes of the bulb is peninsular. The maximum yield per hectare is 580 centners. The variety is perfect for long-term storage, after ripening, maturation is 94-96%. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region.

Bulb onions Gold of summer, medium ripening variety. The bulb has a rounded shape, reaches a mass of 95-98 g. The integumentary scales are usually dark yellow, the inner ones are white. There are two or three integument flakes. The taste of juicy peninsular scales. The maximum yield of the variety is about 665 centners per hectare. After ripening, maturation is approximately 96-97%. Recommended for cultivation in the Central and Central Black Earth regions.

Bulb onions Euro 12, medium ripening variety. The bulbs are usually round in shape, reaching a mass of 61 g. The integumentary scales are light yellow, and the inner ones are snow-white. The dried flakes are usually three or four. The taste of juicy peninsular scales. The maximum yield per hectare is just over 560 centners. The variety is well suited for long-term storage. Aging after ripening is 95-96%. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region.

Bulb onions Braxton F1is a hybrid of medium maturity. The bulb has a rounded shape and reaches a mass of 118 g. The integumentary scales are colored dark brown, and the inner ones are white-green. There are not many dried flakes - two or three. The taste of juicy peninsular scales. The maximum yield per hectare is about 700 centners. After ripening, maturation is complete. Recommended for cultivation in the Central and North Caucasus regions.

Bulb onions Boatswain, medium ripening variety. The bulbs are rounded in shape, reaching a mass of 89 g. The integumentary scales are usually brown in color, and the inner ones are snow-white. There are up to five pieces of dried scales. The maximum yield per hectare reaches 760 centners. After the ripening of the variety, maturation is 91-92%. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region.

Bulb onions Wrestler F1is a hybrid of medium maturity. The shape of the bulb is widely elliptic, with a maximum mass of 128 g. The integumentary scales are dark brown in color and the inner ones are white-green. There are three or four pieces of dried scales. The taste of juicy peninsular scales. The maximum yield per hectare is about 688 centners. Maturation after ripening is complete. Recommended for cultivation in the Central and North Caucasus regions.

Onion Braxton F1 Bow Boatswain Onion Wrestler F1

Bulb onions AtamanThis is a medium ripening variety. The shape of the bulb is widely elliptical, its maximum mass is 89 g. The integumentary scales are painted dark yellow, the inner ones are snow-white. The dried flakes are usually two or three. The taste of juicy peninsular scales. The maximum yield of the variety is about 610 centners per hectare. After ripening, the ripening of the bulbs is about 95%. Recommended for cultivation in the Central and Central Black Earth regions.

Bulb onions Entre, can be grown both in annual culture and in biennial culture. This is a medium ripening variety. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 69 to 89 g. The integumentary scales are yellow in color, the inner ones are snow-white. Dried flakes can be from three to four pieces. The taste of juicy peninsular scales. The maximum yield per hectare is about 520 centners. The variety is ideal for long-term storage. The ripening of bulbs after ripening 96-97%. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region.

Varieties and hybrids of onions for the Volga-Vyatka region

The fourth region, Volga-Vyatka, here interesting novelties of onion selection are represented by varieties and hybrids: CB 3557 ND F1, Sima and Talisman F1.

Bulb onions CB 3557 ND F1is a hybrid of early ripeness. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 75 to 95 g. The surface scales are brown in color, and the inner, juicy ones are snow-white. There are four or five dried flakes. The taste of juicy peninsular scales. The maximum yield is about 680 centners per hectare. The ripening of bulbs after ripening is about 96%. Recommended for cultivation in the Central and Volga-Vyatka regions.

Bulb onions Sima, medium ripening variety. The shape of the bulb is widely elliptical, the mass varies from 82 to 108 g. Covers, dry, scales have a light brown color, and the inner ones are white. There are three or four pieces of dried scales. The taste of juicy scales is sweetish, the variety is ideal for salad. The maximum yield per hectare is about 661 centners. Maturation after ripening is complete. Recommended for cultivation in the Central, Volga-Vyatka, Central Black Earth, Lower Volga and Far East regions

Bulb onions Talisman F1is a hybrid of medium maturity. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass ranges from 92 to 118 g. The integumentary scales are dark brown in color, and the inner ones are whitish-greenish. Fully dried scales, there are from three to four pieces. The taste of juicy bulb scales is semi-sharp, the hybrid is suitable for consuming fresh bulbs. The maximum yield per hectare is about 680 centners. After harvesting, the maturation of the bulbs reaches 94-95%. Recommended for cultivation in the Central, Volga-Vyatka and North Caucasus regions

Onions CB 3557 ND F1 Onion Sim Onion Talisman F1

Varieties and hybrids of onions for the Central Black Earth region

The fifth region, Central Black Earth, interesting new products of the current and last seasons are varieties and hybrids: Sitnik, Rokito F1, Yellow button, Gordion, White Eagle, Bashar.

Bulb onions Sitnik, late ripening variety. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 72 to 87 g. The integumentary scales have a dark red color, and the inner ones are whitish-pink. There are usually two completely dried scales. Taste juicy onion flakes peninsular - suitable for fresh consumption. The maximum yield per hectare reaches 680 centners. After ripening, the ripening of the bulbs is complete. Recommended for cultivation in the Central and Central Black Earth regions

Bulb onions Rokito F1is a hybrid of medium maturity. The shape of the bulb is rounded, each reaches a mass of 88 g. The integumentary scales are brown in color and the inner ones are white. There are five or six pieces of dried scales. The taste of juicy scales of this hybrid is peninsular. The maximum yield per hectare is about 317 centners. The ripening of bulbs after ripening is about 98%. Recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth region

Bulb onions Yellow button, a variety of early ripeness. The shape of the bulb is transverse narrowly elliptical, the maximum mass is 101 g. The surface scales are painted in light green color, the inner ones are white-green in color. Fully dried scales, there are four pieces. The taste of juicy scales of this variety is peninsular. The maximum yield reaches 296 centners per hectare. After ripening, the maturity of the bulbs is about 98%. Recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth region

Bulb onions GordionThis is a medium ripening variety. The shape of the bulb is rounded, the mass ranges from 92 to 138 g. The surface scales are painted in a brown shade, the inner ones are white. There are about three completely dried scales. The taste of juicy scales of this variety is peninsular. The maximum yield per hectare is 1022 centners. After ripening, the ripening of the bulbs is complete. Recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth and Lower Volga regions

Bulb onions White EagleThis is a medium ripening variety. The shape of the bulb is rhombic, the mass ranges from 75 to 98 g. The surface scales are painted white, the juicy internal ones have a white-green color. On average, three completely dried scales are usually three, less often four. The taste of juicy scales of the peninsular variety. The maximum yield was noted in the Belgorod region, it amounted to 314 centners per hectare. After ripening, the ripening of the bulbs is full or close to full. Recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth region

Bulb onions BasharThis is a medium ripening variety. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass ranges from 96 to 118 g. The surface, dry scales are painted in a brownish-yellow hue, the inner, juicy ones are snow-white. The taste of juicy records is semi-sharp. The maximum yield was recorded in the Volgograd region, it amounted to 1387 centners per hectare, the average yield is 350-400 centners per hectare. The ripening of bulbs after ripening is full or close to full. Recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth, North Caucasus and Lower Volga regions

Onion Gordion Onion Bashar

Varieties and hybrids of onions for the North Caucasus region

Onions Sixth region, North Caucasian, interesting novelties are presented here by varieties and hybrids: Ambest, Ampex, Arsenal, Zoe F1, Capricorn F1, Classic, Manifix, Margot, Marie, Primo, Samantha F1, Yalta White.

Bulb onions Ambest, a variety of mid-late ripeness. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 95 to 125 g. The surface, dry scales have a dark yellow color, and the inner, juicy ones are snow-white. On average, completely dried scales are usually three or four. The taste of juicy peninsular scales. The maximum yield of the variety was noted in the Stavropol Territory, where it amounted to 436 centners per hectare. Average productivity varies from 290 to 380 centners per hectare. The ripening of bulbs before harvesting is 80%, after ripening about 94-95%. Bulbs of this variety are suitable for storage. Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.

Bulb onions Ampex, this late maturity variety. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass of each varies from 92 to 118 g. The surface scales are yellow in color, and the inner ones are white. There are three to four pieces of fully dried flakes. The taste of juicy peninsular scales. The maximum yield of the variety was noted in the Stavropol Territory, it amounted to 377 centners per hectare. Average productivity varies from 290 to 320 centners per hectare. Before harvesting, the maturity of the bulbs is 91-93%, after ripening it reaches full. Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.

Bulb onions Arsenal, this is a medium-late ripening variety. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 93 to 138 g. The surface scales are red in color, and the inner ones are pink-red. The number of dried scales varies from three to four. The taste of juicy peninsular scales. The maximum yield of the variety was recorded in the Stavropol Territory, where it amounted to 549 centners per hectare, the average yield varies from 270 to 365 centners per hectare. Before harvesting, the maturity of the bulbs is about 90%, after ripening it reaches 96%. The variety is suitable for long-term storage. Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.

Bulb onions Zoe F1is a hybrid of mid-late ripeness. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 93 to 118 g. The surface, dry scales are brown in color, the inner ones are white. A large number of dry scales - six or seven pieces. The taste of juicy onion flakes is peninsular. The maximum yield of this hybrid was noted in the Volgograd region and amounted to 1110 centners per hectare, the average yield varies from 250 to 490 centners per hectare. Before harvesting, the maturity of the bulbs is 88%, after ripening it reaches full. Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus and Lower Volga regions

Bulb onions Capricorn F1is a hybrid of early ripeness. The shape of the bulb is broadly obovate, its mass varies from 105 to 128 g. The surface scales are colored brown, and the inner ones are usually white. There can be two or three dried scales. The taste of the inner, juicy scales is sweet, so the hybrid is ideal for salads and fresh consumption. The maximum yield of the hybrid was noted in the Stavropol Territory, where it amounted to 425 centners per hectare, the average yield ranges from 230 to 360 centners per hectare. Before harvesting, maturation reaches 88%, after ripening it reaches 97%. Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.

Bulb onions ClassicThis is a medium ripening variety. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 93 to 118 g. The surface scales are brown in color, internal, juicy - whitish-green. The number of dried scales is three or four. The taste of juicy scales is usually peninsular. The maximum yield of the variety reaches 472 centners per hectare and is noted in the Stavropol Territory, the average yield varies from 270 to 380 centners per hectare. Before harvesting, maturation is 84%; after ripening, it reaches 91%. Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.

Bulb onions Manifix, a variety of late ripeness. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 93 to 118 g. The surface scales are colored dark yellow, the inner ones are snow-white. The amount of dried scales is three or four pieces. The taste of juicy scales is peninsular. The maximum yield of the variety was recorded in the Stavropol Territory and amounted to 444 centners per hectare. Average productivity varies from 280 to 380 centners per hectare. The ripening of the bulbs before harvesting is 79-81%, after ripening about 96%. Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.

Onion Zoe F1 Onions Classic

Bulb onions Margot, a variety of medium early ripeness. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 83 to 127 g. The surface scales are colored dark yellow, the inner ones are snow-white. The number of dried scales can be three or four pieces. The taste of juicy peninsular scales. The maximum yield of the variety was noted in the Stavropol Territory and amounted to 463 centners per hectare, and the average varies from 195 to 300 centners per hectare. Before harvesting, the maturation of tubers is 92%, after ripening it approaches 97%. Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.

Bulb onions MarieThis is an early ripening variety. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 83 to 105 g. The surface scales are light yellow in color, the inner ones are usually snow-white. The number of dry scales varies from three to four. The taste of juicy scales of this variety is semi-sharp, the variety is suitable for salads and main dishes. The maximum yield was recorded in the Stavropol Territory, where it amounted to 493 centners per hectare, the average yield varies from 230 to 430 centners per hectare. Before harvesting, the bulbs ripen by 85-86%, after ripening, the degree of maturation reaches 96%. Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.

Bulb onions Primo, early grade. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 82 to 118 g. The surface scales are usually yellow, the inner ones are snow-white. The number of dry scales can vary from three to five pieces. Juicy scales taste peninsular. The maximum yield per hectare was noted in the Rostov region, where it amounted to 303 centners per hectare, the average yield of the variety varies from 230 to 280 centners per hectare. Before harvesting, ripening is about 86%, after additional ripening it approaches full. Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.

Bulb onions Samantha F1, this is a mid-early ripening hybrid. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 93 to 108 g. The surface scales are brown in color, the inner ones are white-green. The number of completely dried scales is very large - up to seven pieces. The taste of internal scales is peninsular. The maximum yield was recorded in the Volgograd region, where it amounted to 522 centners per hectare, the average varies between 285 - 360 centners per hectare. Before harvesting, the ripening of the bulbs is 85%, in the process of ripening, it rises to 97%. Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus and Lower Volga regions.

Bulb onions Yalta White, a variety of early ripeness. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 73 to 98 g. The surface scales are painted white, and the inner ones are white-green. The number of dry scales is small, only two. The taste of juicy scales, pleasant, peninsular. The maximum yield of the variety was recorded in the Stavropol Territory, where it amounted to 550 centners per hectare, the average yield varies from 243 to 290 centners per hectare. Before harvesting, the bulbs ripen by 89-91%; after additional ripening, the ripening of the variety is usually complete. Recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.

Onion Margot Onion Samantha F1 Onion Yalta white

Varieties and hybrids of onions for the Middle Volga region

The seventh region, the Middle Volga, here among onion novelties only a hybrid was found Medallion F1.

Bulb onions Medallion F1is a hybrid of medium maturity. The shape of the bulb is round, the mass varies from 73 to 89 g. The surface, dry, scales are brown, the inside is white-green. The number of dried scales is four. The taste of juicy scales in this hybrid is semi-sharp. The maximum yield of the hybrid was recorded in the Moscow region, it amounted to 510 centners per hectare. The average yield varies from 170 to 320 centners. Before harvesting, the ripening of the bulbs is not very high and amounts to 67-68%, after ripening it approaches or is complete. Recommended for cultivation in the Central, Central Black Earth, Middle Volga and East Siberian regions.

Onion Medallion F1

Varieties and hybrids of onions for the Lower Volga region

The eighth region, the Lower Volga, from the new varieties here are: Airoso F1, Campero F1 and Rosa Di Ferenze.

Bulb onions Airoso F1is a hybrid of medium maturity. The shape of the bulb is broadly egg-shaped, the mass varies from 105 to 128 g. The surface scales are usually brownish, internal, juicy - white-green. The amount of fully dried scales is usually three. Juicy scales have a semi-sharp taste. The maximum yield of the hybrid was noted in the Volgograd region and amounted to 1400 centners per hectare. The average yield varies greatly depending on the care and soil fertility and ranges from 385 to 760 centners per hectare. Before harvesting, maturation reaches 91%; after additional ripening, it is always complete. Recommended for cultivation in the Lower Volga region.

Bulb onions Campero F1, this is a mid-late ripening hybrid. The shape of the bulb is wide-obovate. Bulb mass can vary greatly - from 85 to 155 g. Dried scales are painted in dark brown color, internal - in white-green. The amount of dry scales is small, only three pieces. The taste of the inner, juicy peninsular scales. The maximum yield of the hybrid was recorded in the Volgograd region and amounted to 1068 centners per hectare, the average yield varies from 360 to 565 centners per hectare. Before harvesting, bulb maturation reaches 89%, after additional ripening it is complete. Recommended for cultivation in the Lower Volga region.

Bulb onions Rosa Di FerenzeThis is a medium ripening variety. The shape of the bulb is widely obovate, the mass varies from 85 to 155 g. The surface scales are red, the inner ones are pink-red. There are very few dried scales, only two pieces. The taste of juicy inner scales is peninsular. The maximum yield was recorded in the Volgograd region, it amounted to 1299 centners per hectare, the average yield is much lower and varies from 280 to 400 centners per hectare. Before harvesting the bulbs, the maturation is about 90%, after additional ripening it is full. Recommended for cultivation in the Lower Volga region.

Onions Campero F1 Onions Rosa Di Ferenc

Varieties and hybrids of onions for the Far Eastern region

The Twelfth Region, Far Eastern, there is one new product - a variety Red Yakut.

Bulb onions Red Yakut, can be grown both in annual culture and in biennial culture. The variety is distinguished by a late ripening period. The surface scales are dark red, the inside is pink-red. The average number of dry scales is three or four pieces. The taste of juicy scales is usually peninsular. The maximum yield was recorded in the Volgograd region, it is 1040 centners per hectare, the average yield varies from 320 to 425 centners per hectare. Before harvesting the bulbs, their maturity is 84-85%, after additional ripening reaches full. Recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth, North Caucasus, Lower Volga and Far Eastern regions.

Onions Red Yakut

All of these varieties and hybrids of onions can be easily obtained in the form of seeds or onion sets. Subject to all the subtleties of growing this culture, you can achieve maximum yields.

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