Garden

Strawberries - New Varieties

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Strawberry, or, as it is more correctly called, strawberry garden is a berry crop that occupies the top lines of popularity and the largest areas occupied under the berry. Growing strawberries is quite simple, it comes into fruiting quickly, and if you grow it according to the rules and do not keep it for more than three to four years, each time changing the area occupied under it, the yields will be high, and the berries will be truly dessert.

Strawberry pineapple, or strawberry.

Given the high demand for berries and seedlings, breeders are intensively engaged in the cultivation of new, larger and practically perfect strawberry varieties. Currently, there are 93 strawberry varieties in the State Register of Breeding Achievements, the very first of which was included in the State Register for a long time, in 1959, this is a variety "Beauty of Zagorje". This variety is good, but new varieties bred in the last five years are distinguished by more tasty and large berries, they have increased immunity and give higher yields.

Over the past five years (from 2013 to 2017), the following strawberry varieties were included in the State Register: "Alyonushka", "Anna", "Balba", "Baron Solemacher", "Vima Kimberly", "VimaKsima", "Viola", " Geyser, Duet, Zaluchevskaya, Zolotinka, Yoshkarolinka, Early Crimean, Crimean remontant, Crimean 87, Xanor, Kubata, Lyubava, Marma, Nellie, Rikla, Honey and Uniol.

Strawberry varieties of super early and early ripening.

Strawberry "Balba", this variety is zoned in the North Caucasus region. The variety is characterized by an early ripening period and lack of maintenance. The plant is vigorous, hemispherical. Mustache is quite small, they are large and slightly pubescent. Leaflets are quite large, dark green in color. Peduncles are located on the same level with leaf blades. Strawberry berries have a cylindrical shape, red color, their mass varies from 20 to 38 g. In each berry up to 6.6% of sugars, about a percent of acid and up to 66 mg% of ascorbic acid. The taste of light red pulp is very pleasant. Productivity of about 250 centners per hectare. The variety is drought tolerant and winter-hardy.

Strawberry "Baron Solemacher"It is a repairing variety of an early ripening period. The plant is medium-sized, slightly sprawling. Medium leaf blades, light green in color. Peduncles are located below the leaf blades. The berries are not very large, their weight is about four grams, they have a conical shape and red color. Each berry contains up to 7.7% sugars, about a percent acid and up to 82.3 mg% ascorbic acid. The taste of red strawberry pulp is quite pleasant. Productivity reaches 83.5 centners per hectare. The variety is ideal for private sites.

Strawberry "Viola", zoned in the Volga-Vyatka region, characterized by an early ripening period and the lack of maintenance. The bush is small, but rather sprawling. Mustache of medium length, pale red color. Medium leaf blades, green. Peduncles are located just above the level of leaf blades. The berries are conical in shape and weigh up to 17 grams. Each berry contains up to 6.5% sugars, one and a half percent acids and up to 70 mg% ascorbic acid. The scarlet pulp of strawberries has a great taste. Productivity reaches 72 centners per hectare. The variety is winter-hardy, but resistance to drought is average.

Berries of wild strawberry, grade "Baron Solemacher".

Strawberry Zolotinka, this is an early maturing variety characterized by maintainability. The variety is ideal for cultivation on personal plots. The plant is vertical, characterized by medium growth strength. A definite plus is the lack of a mustache. Leaf blades of medium size, green in color. Peduncles are placed above the level of leaf blades. The berries have a conical shape and white-yellow color, the mass of berries is rather modest - about two grams. In strawberries, up to 8% sugars, about a percent of acids, and up to 82.5 mg% of ascorbic acid. The taste of berries is very pleasant. Despite the more than modest mass of berries, the yield per hectare is very high and reaches 76 centners. The variety is winter-hardy, drought-resistant, heat-resistant.

Strawberry "Yoshkarolinka", differs in early ripening, sprawling and medium leafy bush. Mustache is quite small, they are small. Leaflets of medium size, light green in color. Peduncles are located at the level of leaf blades. Berries have a conical shape and a mass of about eight grams. Their color is red. In each berry, up to 10.2% of sugars and about one and a half percent of acids. The taste is quite pleasant, but the acid is felt. The flesh of the berry has an orange-red color, it is quite juicy. Yields per hectare are good, reaching 193 centners. The variety is winter-hardy and drought tolerant.

Strawberry "Crimean early", the variety is zoned in the North Caucasus region and is characterized by an early ripening period, as well as a lack of maintenance. Plants have a hemispherical shape, give an average number of whiskers and form quite large leaf blades of green color. Peduncles are placed on the same level with leaf blades. Ripe strawberries are diamond-shaped, scarlet in color and reach a mass of 11 g. Each berry contains up to 7.7% sugars, a little more than a percent of acids and up to 125 mg% of ascorbic acid. The taste of berries is quite pleasant, the aroma is felt. Productivity reaches 111 centners per hectare. The variety is winter-hardy and drought tolerant.

Berries of wild strawberry, grade "Zolotinka"

Strawberry "Crimean remontant", this variety is zoned in the North Caucasus region, it is characterized by an early ripening period and maintainability. The plant is direct growing, gives a lot of thick mustache and forms medium-sized leaf blades of dark green color. Peduncles are located just below the level of leaf blades. Ripe berries have a wide-stupid conical shape and scarlet color. The weight of each berry varies from 7.0 to 32 g. In each berry, up to 6.7% of sugars and a little more than one percent acid. The taste is pleasant, the tasting score is 4.2 points. The yield of the variety reaches 110 centners per hectare. The variety is distinguished by high winter hardiness and drought resistance.

Strawberry Xanor, this variety is zoned in the North Caucasus region, it is characterized by an early period of ripeness and a lack of remontance. Plants of a variety of medium growth power and spherical shape form an average number of whiskers and medium-sized leaf blades of dark green color. Peduncles are located just below the level of leaf blades. Completely ripe strawberries are cylindrical in shape, scarlet in color and mass ranging from 15.5 to 34 grams. Each berry contains up to 6.2% sugars, about one percent acid and up to 69 mg% vitamin C. The taste of the berries is quite pleasant (4.4 points). Productivity is good, with a hectare reaches 203 centners. The variety is winter-hardy and heat-resistant.

Strawberry "Lyubava", super-early ripeness, sprawling and medium-sized, forming an average number of whiskers and medium, green, leaf blades. Peduncles placed at the level of leaflets. Completely ripe berries have a diamond shape and scarlet color. The mass of berries varies from 5.0 to 20 g. In each berry, up to 6.3% of sugars, about a percent of acids and up to 86 mg% of ascorbic acid. The taste of berries is quite pleasant (4.6 points). Nutritional yield reaches 207 centners per hectare. Winter hardiness is high, but drought tolerance is average.

Berry of wild strawberry, grade "Lyubava".

Strawberry Marma, zoned in the North Caucasus region, is characterized by an early period of ripeness and a lack of maintenance. The plant is characterized by active growth and a spherical shape. The variety forms weakly whiskers, forms medium-sized dark green leaf blades and peduncles, located above the level of leaflets. Ripe strawberries are tapered and scarlet in color. The mass of berries varies from 18 to 43 g. Each berry has up to 6% sugar, a little more than a percent acid and up to 68 mg% vitamin C. The taste of light pink and juicy pulp is pleasant. The maximum yield of the variety reaches 200 centners per hectare. The variety is characterized by high drought tolerance, but its heat resistance is average.

Strawberry Rickla, this variety is zoned in the North Caucasus region and is characterized by an early ripening period and the lack of maintenance. The plant is medium-sized, has a spherical shape, forms an average number of whiskers and medium-sized leaf blades of light green color. Peduncles placed at the level of leaflets. Berries in full ripeness have a conical shape and scarlet color. The mass of berries varies from 19 to 38 g. Each berry contains up to 7% sugar, about a percent acid and up to 64 mg% vitamin C. The taste of light pink pulp is pleasant. The maximum yield on good soil reaches 175 centners per hectare. The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and heat resistance.

Strawberry Uniol, this variety is zoned in the North Caucasus region, it is characterized by an early ripening period and the lack of maintenance. The plant is low, forms an average number of whiskers and medium-sized green leaf blades. Peduncles are placed at the same height with leaf blades. When fully ripened, strawberries are conical and scarlet in color. The mass of berries varies from 11 to 32 grams. Each berry has up to 8% sugars, about 0.7% acids and up to 78 mg% vitamin C. The taste of dark red, juicy pulp of berries is very pleasant, refreshing, sweet and sour. Taste is evaluated by tasters at 4.9 points out of five possible. Berries are beautiful both in fresh form and are suitable for a variety of types of processing, including wine. The maximum yield on nutritious soil reaches 150 centners per hectare. The variety is winter-hardy, heat-resistant, but its drought tolerance is average.

Strawberry varieties of medium and medium ripening.

Strawberry "Alyonushka", this variety is zoned in the West Siberian region. The variety is characterized by an average ripening period and a lack of maintenance. The plant is powerful, sprawling, highly leafy. The length of the mustache is average and there are quite a lot of them. Medium leaf blades, slightly wrinkled, green. Peduncles are located below the level of leaf blades, have a rare pubescence. The berries are spherical, red. In berries, up to 6.5% sugars, about 0.7% acids and up to 42 mg% ascorbic acid. The mass of berries ranges from 7 to 21 grams, and the yield reaches 101 centners per hectare. The taste of berries is pleasant, although the acid is felt. The variety is heat-resistant and winter-hardy.

Strawberry "Anna", the variety is zoned in the West Siberian region. This variety has an average ripening period and excellent taste. There is no repair. The plant is medium in size, quite compact. Mustache of medium length, their number is numerous. The wrinkling of leaf blades is strongly expressed, they are quite large, green in color. Inflorescences are located below the level of leaf blades. The mass of berries ranges from 7 to 19.2 grams. The shape of the berries is ovoid, color orange-red. Each berry contains up to 6.0% sugars, about a percent of acid, and up to 35.5 mg% of vitamin C. The taste of whitish pulp of strawberries is dessert. The berries are beautiful both in fresh form and are suitable for a variety of types of processing, including wine. Productivity varieties a little more than a hundred centners per hectare. The variety is winter-hardy and drought-resistant.

Strawberry "Wima Kimberly", this variety is zoned in the Central region, characterized by an average period of ripeness and lack of remontance. The plant is very powerful, sprawling strong. Mustache of medium size, red color. Leaflets are rather large, light green. Peduncles are placed at the level of leaf blades. The berries have a conical shape, orange-red color. Each berry contains up to ten percent sugar. The mass of berries ranges from 18 to 36 grams, and the yield reaches 152 centners per hectare. The taste is very pleasant, is rated for the highest score. The variety is drought tolerant and winter-hardy.

Berries of wild strawberry, grade "Vima Kimberly"

Strawberry "Geyser", this variety is zoned in the Volga-Vyatka region and has an average ripening period, as well as a lack of maintenance. Spreading plant, medium growth. Mustache in a small amount, downy. Leaf blades are often large, green. Inflorescences are located on the same level as leaf blades. The mass of berries varies from 7.0 to 17.6 grams; they are completely ripe and have a blunt shape and red color. The strawberry pulp is quite pleasant in taste, orange-red. Each berry contains up to 5.5% sugars, about a percent acid and up to 54 mg% ascorbic acid. The yield per hectare is about 47 centners. The grade is resistant to freezing temperatures.

Strawberry "Duet", zoned in the West Siberian region, has a mid-early ripening period and lack of remontance. The bush is medium-sized and very compact. Mustache of medium size, their number is large. Leaf blades of green color, quite even. Inflorescences are located below the level of leaf blades. Completely ripe berries have a conical shape, dark red color and a noticeable luster on the surface. The mass of strawberries varies from 9 to 17.5 grams, the yield reaches 65 centners per hectare. Each berry contains up to 5% sugars, about a percent of acids, and up to 65 mg% of ascorbic acid. The dark red flesh of the berry is very tasty and quite juicy. The berries are beautiful both in fresh form and are suitable for a variety of types of processing, including wine. The variety is winter-hardy and drought tolerant.

Strawberry "Zaluchevskaya", this variety is zoned in the West Siberian region, characterized by a mid-early period of ripeness and a lack of remontance. The plant is oriented vertically, has compact dimensions. Mustache with pronounced anthocyanin coloration. Leaf blades are medium, greenish. Peduncles are placed above the level of leaf blades. The mass of berries varies from 6.0 to 14.8 grams, they have an ovoid shape and red color. The flesh of the berries is quite tasty, light red in color. Each berry contains up to 5% sugars, one percent acid and up to 81.2 mg% ascorbic acid. The yield of this variety reaches 104 centners per hectare. The grade is resistant to frost.

Strawberry "Crimean 87", the variety is zoned in the North Caucasus region and is characterized by a mid-early ripeness and lack of maintenance. The bush has a hemispherical shape, gives a very large number of whiskers and large, green, leaf blades. Peduncles are placed above the level of leaf blades. Completely ripe berries are heart-shaped and scarlet in color. The mass of strawberries reaches 11.8 grams. Each berry contains up to 6.5% sugars, a little over one percent acid and up to 11.8 mg% ascorbic acid. The taste of berries is very pleasant, dessert. Productivity of the variety reaches 167 centners per hectare. The variety is winter-hardy and drought tolerant.

Berries of wild strawberry, grade "Honey"

Strawberry Honey, this variety is zoned in the North Caucasus region and the Central region, has a mid-early ripening period and a lack of maintenance. The plants are quite powerful, oriented vertically, form a medium-sized mustache and fairly large leaf blades of dark green color. Peduncles are located below the leaf blades. Berries at full maturity have a conical shape and a dark red color. Juicy, red scarlet flesh has a pleasant taste, but devoid of aroma. The mass of berries varies from 15.9 to 20.3 grams, and the average yield is about 106 centners per hectare. Each berry contains up to 5.8% of sugars, about a percent of acids and up to 67 mg% of vitamin C. The variety is winter-hardy, resistant to drought and heat.

Strawberry varieties of medium late and late ripening.

Strawberry "Wima Xima", this variety is zoned in the Central region, it is characterized by a medium-late ripening period and the lack of maintenance. The plants are quite powerful, slightly sprawling. There are a lot of mustaches, they are green in color with anthocyanin tan. Leaflets are very large, dark green. Peduncles are placed at the level of leaf blades. The berries are rounded and dark red in color. The taste of berries is pleasant, dessert, they contain up to ten percent sugar. The mass of berries ranges from 18 to 32 g, and the yield reaches 145 centners per hectare. Berries are beautiful both in fresh form and are suitable for a variety of types of processing, including wine. The variety is quite winter-hardy, but it is almost unstable to drought.

Berries of wild strawberry, grade "Wima Xima"

Strawberry Kubata, this variety is zoned in the Central region, it is characterized by a late ripening period and the lack of maintenance. This variety is ideal for freezing, it retains its shape and taste after defrosting. Plants of the variety of medium growth strength, have a sprawling shape, give few whiskers and form very large, dark green colored leaf blades. Inflorescences are located above the level of leaflets. Completely ripe strawberries are usually conical, scarlet in color, their flesh is very dense, contains little juice, but has a pleasant taste (4.6 points). The maximum yield of this variety per hectare is about 135 centners, with the mass of berries varying from 18 to 25 grams. Each berry contains up to 7.5% sugars, about one percent acid and up to 69 mg% ascorbic acid. The variety is winter-hardy and drought tolerant.

Strawberry "Nellie", this variety is zoned in the North Caucasus region, characterized by a medium-late ripening period and lack of maintenance. The plants are quite sprawling, have a medium-sized mustache and also medium-sized leaf blades of a dark green color. Peduncles are located at the same height as the leaves. Ripe berries have a blunt shape, red color and reach a mass of 32 g. Each berry has up to 6% sugars, a little more than a percent of acids and up to 42 mg% of vitamin C. The taste of orange-red strawberry pulp is pleasant, sweet and sour (4, 7 points). The maximum yield reaches 64 centners per hectare. The variety is winter-hardy, heat-resistant and drought-resistant, and is also characterized by increased resistance to diseases and pests.

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