Sweet pepper came to Europe in the 15th century from South America and was so liked by Europeans that today, for example, in Hungary there is even a museum dedicated exclusively to pepper. This vegetable is extremely rich in vitamins and minerals, which makes it an indispensable product of a healthy diet. In this article I want to talk about my experience in growing bell pepper in open ground. And about why I manage to get good harvests of this vegetable every year.Pepper in the open ground - my 5 secrets of a large crop
Any pepper is good for the body, but the most useful substances in red pepper are as ripe as possible.
1. Do not dive seedlings
First of all, for a good harvest you need good, healthy seedlings. Pepper seeds usually peck for a very long time. Therefore, I first soak them in the water from the melted snow. In such water there are fewer or almost no salts that would prevent the seeds from hatching. And I begin to do this in February.
It is known that pepper roots are not able to regenerate well, and it is difficult to tolerate picking. Therefore, I decided not to dive it at all, and immediately planted seeds that hatch in a permanent pot. And the more I do not touch my pepper until it is disembarked in the garden, I only water it, feed it and do not forget to temper it.
Read more about caring for pepper seedlings in the article Growing pepper seedlings.
2. Landing site - sunny, but protected from heat and wind
In May, I plant seedlings of pepper in the garden, directly into the open ground. Pepper does not like deepening when planting, and you need to be very careful with the roots, it is very sensitive to damage.
I live in the south, and spring comes early, the possibility of frost in May is doubtful. In the more northern regions, planting pepper in open ground, you need to focus on the third decade of May. It is advisable to prepare warm beds for pepper and be able to cover them in case of return frosts.
But I choose a sunny place for him, on the one hand, and on the other hand, so that there is a kind of protective screen (in my case, corn plays the role of a screen). If a strong wind blows or the midday heat comes, my pepper is protected.
I make narrow beds of 45 cm, and the aisles are huge 1 meter or more.
The distance between the plants in the garden is at least 50 cm. I have a plot on the hill and garden too. Therefore, my peppers "bathe" in the sun (but, again, corn protects them from the sun at noon).The main thing that you need to remember about growing pepper - he needs a lot of water!
3. A lot of water
A few years ago I moved to live in a village, before that I had always been a city dweller. And somehow I come to a neighbor (an elderly grandmother) to visit to look at the garden, find out what’s what she’s got to, learn from the experience, so to speak. My attention was attracted by pepper, which grew right on the bed in the open ground, and it was just huge!
Hefty peppercorns poured right before our eyes and were even larger than in the store. I'm asking:
- And what do you feed them with?
- Yes, nothing, water.
“Well, does he need something from fertilizers?”
“No,” the grandmother says. - Only water. Water needs a very, very much ...
And, as my subsequent experience showed, this is the main thing that you need to remember about growing pepper - it needs a lot of water! Remembering what my neighbor grandmother said, I water peppers abundantly every day, always with warm water, at least 10 liters per meter of garden beds.
4. Proper feeding
At the same time, I still feed my sweet pepper. Not particularly much. The first time I fertilize when planting seedlings on a bed - for this I add 1 tbsp to each well. a spoonful of mineral fertilizers and ½ tbsp. tablespoons of ash.
Fresh manure and peat are not suitable as pepper for fertilizers. It does not tolerate excess nitrogen and mineral fertilizers.
Ash contains a lot of useful minerals. You can write about the benefits of ash and its rich composition for a long time, and it is not for nothing that ash is called "stove gold". But most importantly, it contains a lot of potassium. And he is very fond of all nightshade, including peppers.
Throughout the summer, while peppers are being poured, I fertilize them with ash once every 10 days. For this, I dissolve the ash in water, so it is better absorbed. For 10 liters of water I take 1 cup of ash. For better dissolution, let stand for a couple of days and water this pepper with root infusion without diluting it. I water abundantly.
My soil is loamy. Ash can be applied in dry form, right under the bush. And then spill it well. But the solution is somehow more reliable. After such top dressing, the pepper begins to bloom and new peppers are massively tied.Throughout the summer, while peppers are being poured, I water them with ash solution once every 10 days
A couple of times a season I use complex mineral fertilizers, but very little - 1 tbsp. spoon under each bush.
And once (at the very beginning of the season) I pour my pepper with yeast water so that the green mass grows faster. To prepare yeast water, I dilute 100 g of fresh yeast in 5 liters of water, add a little sugar or syrup from the old jam and let it stand in the sun for several days. And then I dilute the resulting solution with water 1:10 and water it under a bush. I pour a little of this solution, per liter - no more.
Yeast top dressing is a good fertilizer, but it removes potassium from the soil, which is so necessary for pepper. Therefore, the next top dressing in ten days will be ash to return potassium back to the soil.
A couple of times during the season, I water my pepper with iodine water. Iodine stimulates growth and protects the plant from disease. It increases the immunity of the plant, promotes the absorption of nitrogen by the plant, and ultimately affects a good harvest.
To prepare iodine water, I dissolve only 1 drop of iodine (ordinary, bought in a pharmacy) in 3 liters of water and water this bush under the root with this solution. Also a little - I pour 1 liter, not more. After all, if you overdose with iodine, then the plant can be harmed, and it can even die. After such top dressing, pepper should be shed properly with ordinary water.
With the same solution, foliar top dressing can be carried out by spraying the plant along the leaf.
From top dressing, perhaps all.As the plant grows and the fruit pours, I tie the pepper to a stick dug in the ground.
5. I tie peppers necessarily
As the plant grows and the fruit pours, I tie the pepper to a stick dug in the ground, otherwise it begins to bend under its own weight. You can do this the same way as with tomatoes, gently hilling every bush.
Also read our article on the 12 most delicious sweet pepper varieties and hybrids I have grown.
Dear readers! As my experience shows, for the successful cultivation of Bulgarian pepper in the open field, you do not need as much as it might seem at first glance. The main thing is healthy seedlings, a lot of sun and water, protection from wind and heat. Perhaps you have your secrets of growing pepper in the beds, share your experience in the comments to the article!