Nitrofoska belongs to the category of complex complex fertilizers. It has a balanced composition of mineral components. Nitrofoska is able to fully satisfy the demands of various cultures in nutrients during their active growth and development. Often this fertilizer is used to increase seed germination, to accelerate vegetative processes, to increase the number of full ovaries. It is convenient to use and easy to store. We will talk about the features of using nitrophoska in growing garden and flower crops in this article.Nitrofoska is a mineral fertilizer for plants.
Nitrofoski application on different types of soils
Nitrophosque is best used on neutral or slightly acidic soils. It is appropriate to introduce nitrophosphate on peaty, sandy, boggy, and clay soils. Keep in mind, however, that when applying on sandy soils, the nitrogen component of the fertilizer can be actively washed out, therefore, it is recommended to apply fertilizer on such soils either in spring (at the same time as digging the soil), or by adding to the holes during planting, but not in the autumn period. On peat and clay soils, on the contrary, it is better to introduce nitrophosphate precisely in the autumn period.The use of nitrofoski.
General rules for feeding
There are a number of important nitrophosic rules to consider. For example, when fertilizing perennial crops, it is better to apply this fertilizer in a dry state, but it is well-loosened and moistened in advance.
It is appropriate to use nitrofoski in rainy periods. When applying nitrophoska in the autumn period under digging the soil, in the area where planting is planned in the spring, it should not be introduced in the spring. And of course, given the nitrogen content in the nitrophos, fertilizing perennial plants should be carried out only in the spring, in order to avoid activation of growth processes and a decrease in winter hardiness.
The use of nitrofoski when growing seedlings
It is appropriate to use nitrophoska when growing seedlings, when plants underdevelop. It is advisable to feed weak seedlings 5-7 days after the picking. Top dressing should be carried out only with nitrofos dissolved in water in the amount of 14-16 g per liter of water, this amount is enough for 45-55 plants.
You can feed the underdeveloped seedlings again with nitrofos at the same time as they are planted in the soil by adding literally 10 granules of this fertilizer to each well, be sure to mix well with moist soil so that the roots do not touch the granules, otherwise this can cause burns on the roots, worsening the condition of the plants.
Features of the use of nitrofoski for garden crops
When growing potatoes
Typically, on potatoes, nitrophosphate is applied directly to the wells when tubers are planted. You can safely pour in each well a tablespoon (no peas!) Of nitrophosphate, and then carefully mix the fertilizer with the soil.
If you plant a large number of potato tubers, then to significantly save time, it is better to introduce nitrophoska in the autumn or early spring periods, under the first digging of the soil, in the amount of 75 g per square meter.
When growing cabbage
As we have already specified, it is better to add nitric phosphate sulfate, which promotes the formation of proteins, under cabbage. The first feeding of cabbage with nitrofos can be carried out during the growing of seedlings of this culture, for which you can dissolve 9-11 g of fertilizer in a liter of water and feed the seedlings a week after picking.
You can re-feed cabbage when transplanting seedlings, but only if no nitrofosk was added to this area either in spring or autumn. In each well when planting seedlings in a permanent place, you can add a teaspoon of nitrophoska (without a pot!) And mix thoroughly with moist soil.
Sometimes gardeners use a special mixture, which consists of compost of plant origin, wood ash and this fertilizer. Usually, a teaspoon of wood ash and the same amount of nitrophoska are needed per kilogram of compost.
After transplanting seedlings, if fertilizer was not added to the hole, you can feed the plants with a nitrophose after 14-16 days. For these purposes, nitrophosk is dissolved in water in an amount of 50 g per bucket with the addition of 150 g of wood ash to the resulting composition. This increases the immunity of plants, helping to increase resistance to various diseases. This amount can be spent on 2-3 square meters of soil occupied by cabbage.
Repeated dressing can be done after two weeks and another one - after 16-17 days. When carrying out these top dressings, the dose of fertilizer should not exceed 25 g per bucket of water, the norm is also 2-3 square meters of soil occupied under cabbage. When growing early and medium varieties of cabbage, a third top dressing is not advisable.Nitrofosku used in the cultivation of cabbage.
When growing cucumbers
Interestingly, nitrophoska can increase the yield of cucumber plants by 18-22%. Due to the fact that nitrogen is present in it, cucumber plants respond to the full-fledged development of the vegetative mass. Potassium helps to improve the taste of cucumber plants, and phosphorus, due to the fact that it stimulates the development of fiber, favorably affects the increase in juiciness and density of fruits.
Typically, nitrophosphate is brought to the site, which is planned to be taken by the cucumber plants ahead of time, that is, in the autumn period for digging the soil in the amount of 25 g per square meter. After planting cucumber seedlings on the site, after two or three days, you can fertilize the nitrofos dissolved in water, for this you need to dissolve 35 g of fertilizer in a bucket of water and spend 0.5 l for each plant.
When growing garlic
Garlic (both winter and spring) is fed with nitrophos in the spring. Usually, urea is introduced first, and after 14-15 days, nitrophos. During this period, you can make nitrophosk dissolved in water in the amount of 25 g per bucket of water. About 3.5 liters of this solution are consumed per square meter of soil occupied under garlic, that is, a bucket of solution goes to about three square meters of soil occupied under garlic.
When growing raspberries
Given that raspberries are very demanding on the composition of the soil and respond well to the introduction of complex fertilizers, it should be fed with a nitrophos every year in spring. The amount of fertilizer should be 40-45 g per square meter of soil occupied by raspberries. You can feed ordinary raspberries in the spring, and also immediately after the harvest. The introduction of nitrophoska under this plant is best done by deepening the granules into the soil simultaneously with loosening the soil on raspberries. The use of nitrofoska on raspberries in the autumn is unacceptable, as well as the introduction of nitrophoska in the holes when planting raspberry seedlings, if planting is carried out in the autumn.
When growing strawberries
Nitrofosku under garden strawberries is acceptable to bring in the spring and summer. It is allowed to introduce nitrophoska into the wells when planting garden strawberries in August, provided that it is thoroughly mixed with moistened soil. When planting garden strawberries, literally 5-6 granules of fertilizer can be introduced into each hole, mixing them with the ground so that the roots do not touch the granules. The rest of the dressing on garden strawberries must be carried out simultaneously with abundant watering.
When nitrofoski is added to the wells during planting, the initial top dressing in spring time can be omitted, and fertilizers should be applied during the flowering period, before the formation of the ovary begins. The third top dressing can be carried out immediately after harvesting the entire harvest of garden strawberries. The amount of nitrophoska during feeding should be no more than 30 g, which must be dissolved in a bucket of water, this amount is enough for about 20 plants.Nitrofoska is the best fertilizer for garden strawberries.
When growing apple trees
Nitrophosque under the apple tree and other fruit plants are introduced in the spring. It is appropriate to use nitrophoska also at the end of flowering at the beginning of the formation of the ovary. It is permissible to apply nitrophoska in dry form, but if you want to get a quick effect from its application, it is better to pre-dissolve the granules in water in an amount of 45 g per bucket. Under each apple tree you need to make about three buckets of this solution or 135 g of fertilizer. If the apple trees are older than five years old and grafted onto a vigorous stock, then the dose can be increased to 160 g per plant.
The use of nitrofoski when growing flower crops
For decorative flower plants, it is appropriate to apply sulfate nitrophosphate, in view of its calcium content, which, as we have already indicated, increases the overall attractiveness of plants, increases the number of buds, flowers, increases their brightness and prolongs the life of leaf blades.
Nitrofoska can be used both on perennial flower crops and on summers. Fertilizing is permissible in the holes when planting bulbs and seedlings in the spring. Dry nitrofoska is usually not used; a solution of 25 g of nitrofoska is prepared in a bucket of water. For one well, 100 g of solution is needed when planting bulbs, when planting seedlings - 150 g of solution.
Letniki can be fed with a solution before flowering (200 g per plant), perennial flower crops that finish flowering in the first half of summer can be fed with the same amount of nitrophos at the end of flowering.