Decorative gigantic trees have always been underestimated in garden design. In small and medium-sized areas, far from everyone can afford to plant a tree only "for beauty", and in large areas trees often leave just a backdrop. Performing very important functions in garden design, the decorative types of trees deserve much more respect and attention. With the right choice, they will not only set focal points or give the long-awaited shadow, but will also bring the necessary harmony to the design of the garden. And the best types of trees from among the favorites of modern design will become a true star and the main decoration of the site.The best deciduous decorative trees.
The role of decorative trees in garden design
Ornamental trees and shrubs are an essential component of a complete garden design. Together they create the frame of the garden and skeletal planting - that basis of design that will not lose its decorativeness throughout the year and for decades to provide the garden project with stability and attractiveness. And while the role of decorative shrubs as soloists in hedges, borders, and groups is never disputed, decorative wood (those that are larger) often suffer from the status of "excess" - that luxurious design element, without which it would be quite (seemingly) possible get along.
This trend has passed only compact conifers and evergreens that lend themselves to curly haircuts. “Landscape” and large decorative tree species are sacrificed in favor of much more practical fruit trees and large berry bushes or hazel trees. The fact that trees do not produce crops does not mean that they are not important. Indeed, in fact, if you look, decorative woody plants are much more functional than their fruit counterparts.
The first and main advantage of decorative trees is that they require little or no maintenance, being satisfied with a minimum of procedures. And at the same time every year they become more beautiful and spectacular. They are consistently attractive, unshakable in their role in the design of the garden, do not depend on a successful or unsuccessful combination of weather conditions and always fulfill the functions assigned to them. While compact conifers and topiaries require care almost more than beautiful blossoming stars, and decorative trees of a "bigger format" are certainly and constantly beautiful without any hassle.
Today's selection of plants can satisfy even the most demanding needs. But to take the right step and find a tree that will truly become the pride of the garden for decades is still not so simple. The high cost of large plants makes many grow trees from small seedlings, sacrificing decades in favor of saving both money and effort.
You need to choose the trees, being guided by large-sized plants and adult plants, taking into account what your candidate will become in decades and how it will develop. The place, the style of architecture of the plot and the house, the shading function, the nature of the zoning of the garden, the dominant lines and silhouettes, the necessary effect on the effect on space - all these factors must be taken into account among the "objective" criteria.
In ornamental trees, there are five main characteristics by which they are selected:
- variety and beauty of leaf shape;
- general silhouette and density of the crown;
- ability to bloom beautifully;
- autumn color;
- bark and its texture or color.
The variety of ornamental species is so great that a suitable plant can be found even for the most modest in size areas. Giants who will help to recreate the park and palace atmosphere, “middle peasants” with beautiful silhouettes that play the role of a family tree or elegant decoration, compact plants that can find a place even at the flower garden - there is plenty to choose from.
The best of decorative trees dump foliage for the winter, which allows them to arrange a real garden show with changing colors from young spring foliage to a strict summer outfit and a bright autumn cover.A hedge of an ordinary hornbeam.
List of decorative trees interesting for landscape design
Today, plants with a bright crown shape, unusual color, and picturesque contours are especially popular. Recent gardening favorites rightly include:
- common hornbeam, whose best compact varieties up to 10 m high are adorned with a strict cone-pyramidal crown, are suitable not only for hedges, but also for bright single lots, and their ability to grow in the shade, in partial shade, and in the sun is completely unique;
- dwarf and undersized varieties white ashable to reveal beauty in secluded lighting. It conquers with a saturated, bright color of leaves with a pyramidal or rounded crown, fragrant flowering and autumn orange parade;
- European beech - one of the most powerful ornamental trees, whose new compact varieties with purple leaves, weeping branches or a pyramidal crown become a dark-colored magnet for looks and set a strict mood for the whole design;
- medium-sized wood forms dogwoodwhich, when forming, is not a shrub, but a tree will please with a beautiful pattern of branches in a rounded crown, spectacular bark, bright flowering and fruiting;
- all varieties of decorative cherries from sakura before finely sawed cherries, with a huge selection of terry varieties and unique pink flowers that turn branches before the leaves open into dense pink clouds;
- compact varieties rock oak with variegated leaves or ordinary giant forms, famous for the beauty of the bending of branches, dark bark, curly leaves and a stunning tier of the crown;
- romantic miracle - beaver, better known as the "golden rain" and famous not only for its complex leaves, but also for the hanging golden tassels of inflorescences;
- expanding in width, unstoppable, but limited to only 4-5 m height vinegar tree with its carved leaves, in some varieties reminiscent of ferns, flashing in autumn with a red-orange fire, with red candles of inflorescences and unusual fruitfulness;
- compact, up to 5-8 m varieties false robinia with a transparent crown, twisting twigs, an amazing bark, hard-cirrus leaves and hanging droplets of inflorescences, which offer varieties of varieties with unusual spiral twisted branches or golden foliage;
- re-returning varieties mountain ash columnar or pyramidal shape with unique curly leaves, a thin silhouette, an elegant crown and bright bunches of red fruits that are tied after lace shields of inflorescences;
- starting a new garden career and perfectly moldable heart-shaped linden with its thick, heart-shaped foliage, elegant yellow-green flowering and stunningly strong aroma;
- hybrid varieties mountain elm with a weeping form and as if hanging in all directions crown, massive leaves, dark smooth bark and the effect of a green cascade.
Among the favorites of recent years, vividly declared themselves at landscape exhibitions, include other plants.
See the top five in the deciduous decorative tree category on the next page.