The life of many plants does not begin easily. The giant Saguaro is no exception. He makes his way out of a small seed, which by good chance fell into the right soil, under the canopy of a tree or shrubbery. After heavy rains, a sprout is beaten out of the grain, which in 25-30 years will reach a height of about a meter. Well, this plant can already be called a cactus. After 50 years, the Saguaro cactus reaches adulthood and blooms for the first time with beautiful white flowers that bloom only at night. Upon reaching five meters in height, lateral processes are formed at the cactus. Adult plants reach a height of up to 15 meters, weigh up to 6-8 tons and live up to 150 years. It is also interesting that 80% of these giants are composed of water, with their impressive weight - it’s just a real well of water in the desert.Saguaro or Giant Carnegia (Saguaro)
The first ten years of his life, Saguaro spends in the shade of a tree or shrub, which serve as a small cactus protection from the winds, give a shadow on hot sunny days. And the nutrient medium under the roots of the tree supports the life of Saguaro. With the growth of the cactus, the tree that protects it dies. The fact is that the cactus is too actively sucking water from poor soil, and almost nothing remains for the tree or shrub - patron. Saguaro absorbs water so effectively that it can even burst from an excess of water. Because of this, new sprouts also appear after the rain. The tops of the cactus are covered with special whitish hairs that protect the plant from heat, if you remove this coating, the temperature will increase by 5 degrees! Another oddity of Saguaro is the drying of the plant from the inside.
Giants Saguaro do not know the lack of visitors. Many birds hide from predators and bad weather, hollowing a hollow in the soft core of a cactus. Despite sharp needles, birds such as the golden woodpecker and small dark woodpecker arrange their nests in the cactus. Over time, feathered guests leave their shelters, and other birds, for example, an elf detective, the world's smallest owl, as well as various lizards, settle in their place in the cactus voids. Desert animals use cactus fruits as food. And at the same time they spread the seeds of the Saguaro cactus throughout the desert. The fruits of Saguaro can be harvested only after obtaining permission from the leaders of some Indian tribes. Indians make traditional sweetish thick syrup from these fruits.Saguaro, or Giant Carnegia (Saguaro)
Saguaro Cacti are an integral part of the desert landscapes of southwestern America, a symbol of the Sonora Desert, which stretched from Mexico to the southern borders of Arizona. To prevent the disappearance of these proud giants, the Saguaro National Park was created.