Cucumber is one of the most beloved garden cultures of our summer residents. However, not all and not always manage to get a really good crop. And although the cultivation of cucumbers requires regular attention and care, there is a small secret, which will significantly increase their productivity. It's about pinching cucumbers. For what, how and when to pinch cucumbers, we will tell in the article.Pinching cucumbers, or How to increase the yield at times
Why pinch cucumbers
Cucumbers are heat-loving plants, therefore, for their full growth, heat, sunlight and air are necessary. Do not forget about watering and top dressing. At the same time, an important point in the agricultural technology of cucumbers is their formation, or type of growth.
There are two options for growing cucumbers:
- when the plant spreads on the ground;
- when the plant is tied up and it grows vertically up.
The second method is more effective, it allows you to get a larger crop, cucumbers - beautifully shaped, without crumpled yellow barrels in places of contact with the ground. We’ll talk about him.
It is best to choose varieties and hybrids of cucumbers for vertical cultivation with limited growth of lateral shoots. If you like a certain variety with side shoots, then you will have to work harder on its formation.
The distance between the seedlings of cucumbers depends on the branching of the bush.
Here are some good, proven hybrids of cucumbers for maximum yield when grown vertically: German F1, Monisia F1, Impresso F1, Marinda F1, Furor F1.At the beginning of summer, cucumbers have already grown and you can do their garter and formation, and, accordingly, pinching
Benefits of Pinching Cucumbers
One of the main problems when growing cucumbers is their thickening due to side shoots. It would seem that this is bad, more shoots - more room for ovary, more cucumbers. But it’s just the opposite.
Due to the great thickening, the plant loses its strength, is not aired, the fruits do not receive enough sunlight, which leads to low productivity and diseases.
To avoid the thickening of cucumbers and use such an agricultural technique as pinching. In addition, it is an opportunity to form a plant for a larger crop and improve the quality of the fruit.
The main advantages of pinching cucumbers:
- Early pinching contributes to the development of the root system.
- When pinching the shoots and removing yellowed leaves in the lower part of the stem, the plant is subsequently well ventilated, which prevents the formation of root rot and disease.
- Pinching helps the plant retain strength for further growth and the formation of more fruits.
- Actively served juice up, cucumbers ripen faster.
- When the bush thickens, the cucumbers begin to turn yellow, pinching allows this to be avoided.
- With the correct formation of stems, the plant is well ventilated and receives enough light.
- The formation of the bush will allow you to plant more plants on the same area, which makes it possible to collect more cucumbers.
When to start pinching cucumbers
In the spring, we sowed or planted our cucumbers - seeds or seedlings. Seedlings should not be overexposed in greenhouse conditions, because the plant has less stress when transplanted into the ground. The appearance of 1-2 real leaves is enough.
After transplanting, the seedlings mulched the ground in order to retain moisture in it and get rid of the emergence of weeds. At first, depending on the soil, cucumbers are watered daily. With drying of the soil, lack of moisture, the leaves of cucumbers noticeably darken, the edges of the leaves are sharpened.
In early summer, plants have already grown and you can do their garter and formation, and, accordingly, pinching.Pinching the ovaries and lateral shoots of cucumbers, we remove them at a height of 30-40 cm from the ground.
How to pinch cucumbers
On grown plants, fruits are tied, and shoots appear in the axils of the leaves.
We remove the ovaries and lateral shoots at a height of 30-40 cm from the ground, leave the leaves. It is necessary to remove (pinch) immediately, do not wait until the shoots are extended. It’s a pity to harvest the first cucumbers, I want to quickly get a crop, but it will pay off later.
The fact is that at the beginning of growth, the root system of a cucumber is very superficial. If you leave the first shoots and ovaries, then instead of strengthening the root system, especially if the soil is dense, the plant spends energy on stretching the stems. At the same time, the undeveloped root system cannot sufficiently provide the cucumber with food and water.
At the next stage of growth in the sinuses of 3-5 leaves, leave the ovaries, and pinch the side shoots. This is approximately the next 30-40 cm. We leave the cucumbers on the main stem.
Above we also leave the ovaries, and pinch the shoots after the formation of the first leaf on them.
With the subsequent growth of cucumbers on each tier of 3-5 leaves in height on the shoots, we leave already 2 leaves and ovaries, above - 3 leaves, then - 4 and so on.
When the cucumber ceases to grow up, the stem is fixed at the top of the trellis and allow it to grow freely down. When the distance to the ground is about 1 meter, pinch the top.
Removing the extra mustache reduces the moisture consumption of the plant.
If the upper shoots begin to obscure the lower, you should pinch a few sinuses.
In the process of cucumber growth, we gradually bring the plant to one main stem, cutting off the side shoots.In the process of cucumber growth, we gradually bring the plant to one main stem, cutting off the side shoots.
We remove yellow, diseased and too large leaves during the growth process.
Having harvested at the bottom of the plant, you can deepen the root. We clear the hole and fill the bottom of the stem with compost and earth. This contributes to the emergence of new lateral roots, which enhances the growth and fruiting of the cucumber.
Stepsons are removed with a sharp secateurs in dry weather. Only small stumps of 5-7 mm remain.
After trimming, the injured cucumbers are well watered with warm, preferably standing water of 20-26 degrees. Avoid watering directly cut areas on the plant so as not to cause decay. Half an hour after watering, loosen the soil, you can add fertilizing.
And don't forget the most important rule of a large crop of cucumbers: Harvest a plentiful harvest on time, preventing cucumbers from ripening. This stimulates the emergence of new ovaries and the correct distribution of sap flow.
Have a good and tasty harvest!