No matter how modest a country or personal plot may be, there is always a place for cucumbers. Experienced housewives will definitely choose the time to spin several jars of their cucumbers for the winter. Indeed, do not buy them in supermarkets at a crazy price, when with minimal care and compliance with agricultural technology, you can grow an excellent crop? At the same time, only organic fertilizers can be used as top dressing. What they are, how to cook them at home and competently apply, you will learn from this article.5 effective organic top dressing for cucumbers
1. Wood ash
The ash contains a lot of phosphorus and potassium, which is necessary for the development of a strong root system and green mass. In addition to the basic elements, the ash contains about 30 more useful compounds, including magnesium and manganese. Sodium, which is also part of it, serves as a catalyst for better absorption of beneficial substances by plants. Most potassium in the ashes of young shoots, hardwoods, foliage. Spruce ash is rich in calcium, and oak ash is rich in phosphorus.
Attention! In a bonfire, the ash of which will be used for fertilizer, newspapers, plastic, painted wooden fragments should not come across.
Feeding with ash is carried out during the period of growth and fruiting of cucumbers. Water the plants with ash infusion every 2 weeks. The technique of its preparation is very simple.
- Prepared firewood, pruned branches, vines, foliage and tops are stacked in a barrel and carefully burned. In open space, they will burn faster, but there is a risk of fire from flying sparks, and half the valuable raw materials will be blown away by the wind during cooling.
- It is better to store ash in tanks or drawers with lids. It is not worth collecting it in sealed bags or cans, condensation may form, and the fertilizer will lose most of its useful properties.
- For watering use an ash solution and a decoction. They differ in cooking technique. The solution is immediately ready for use, diluted immediately before watering at the rate of 1.5 cups of ash per bucket of water. The broth is prepared with boiling water, you can boil the mixture for an additional 30 minutes. The proportion of water and ash is 3: 1, the resulting mixture is diluted in the ratio of 3 cups of the mixture to a bucket of water. It is used for watering and spraying from leaf pests.
In the ash solution, the seeds of cucumbers are soaked before planting to increase immunity and improve germination. When planting, the ash is mixed with the ground and added to the bottom of the hole. Sometimes, for a longer action, plants are poured into the basal zone 2 tbsp. tablespoons of fertilizer, and then, in the usual mode, are watering.Wood ash is used for watering and spraying from leaf pests
2. Mullein and bird droppings
Using this type of organic dressing gives an excellent result. Cow manure can be bred in water right away, the bird must “burn out”, it is very aggressive and plants are watered with its solution very carefully, in a 1:10 ratio. To make the mixture suitable for consumption, the raw material is poured with water and allowed to ferment for several days in sunny weather.
Read more about the use of chicken droppings on beds in the article How and why to use chicken droppings?
Chicken droppings or mullein are made only under the root of the bush, getting on the leaves should be avoided. Cucumbers respond well to the alternation of ash and dung. Such fertilizers do not affect the taste and smell of ripe fruits, especially when the lashes are tied to the trellis. Such top dressing for cucumbers is used when growing both in a greenhouse and in open ground.
Important! Pig manure is not used. It has a high percentage of ammonia compounds that burn the root system. It is permissible to prepare weak solutions only after 2 to 3 years of being in a compost pit mixed with mullein.
This means for feeding cucumbers is used no more than 3 times per season. Yeast stimulates growth, increases resistance to fungal infections, contributes to the normal development of leaves, strengthens the root system of plants.
Yeast is used in 2 versions: as root watering and external spraying. Immediately you need to tune in to the fact that the smell of this undoubtedly useful solution is specific. It will have to be stored only in tightly closed containers or cooked in batches.
The mixture will require 0.5 kg of yeast, 3 liters of water and 60 g. Sahara. If cooked without weights, then sugar is taken a little more than half a glass. It is best to use fresh baker's yeast, the effect on instant and granular ones will be much weaker.
Such an organic fertilizer is infused for cucumbers in a warm place for 3 days with regular stirring. The jar cannot be closed; it must have free air access.
Watering is carried out with a yeast solution in the ratio of 1 cup of the mixture per bucket of water. The norm for 1 bush is 0.5 liters.
When spraying the leaves of cucumbers, the concentration and consumption rate are similar.
Yeast is used in 2 versions: as root watering and external spraying.
An alternative to yeast feeding can be bread tincture from 1 loaf per bucket. To stimulate growth, deter pests and increase the number of ovaries, 10 ml are added to the liquid. iodine. It is aged for a week, before watering it is divorced in water in a ratio of 1: 3. The bread crumb is pre-filtered.
4. Onion peel
Throwing it away is an inadmissible luxury. Not only does rinsing with a decoction of the husk returns color and elasticity to the hair, heals the scalp. It contains a list of elements necessary for the good growth and development of cucumber bushes. The tool strengthens plants, serves as a prophylaxis against diseases and pests.
The infusion is prepared in a cold way through fermentation. For 5 liters of water, 20 grams is enough. dry onion skins. The infusion time is 5 days. Suitable for watering and spraying once every 14 days.
For a decoction, you need to withstand 1.5 liters of water with a handful of husk for 7-9 minutes over low heat. Then add 3 parts of water, watered or sprayed at the rate of 2 liters. on 1 plant.
5. Herbal infusions
Do not neglect to put aside the grown burdock, mowed around a section of grass, an agave. From the green mass, an excellent organic fertilizer is obtained for cucumbers and other fruit and ornamental plants. To do this, the herbs are crushed, tightly placed in a barrel, filling it with a third, and topped up to the top with water.
The mixture will reach the desired condition after 10 days. But you can’t use pure herbal infusion to fertilize cucumbers. It must be diluted with water for irrigation. I recommend a ratio of approximately 1:10. Watering frequency - 1 time per week.
The lack of individual nutrients is easy to track by changing the shape and color of cucumber leaves.
For more information on how to make and use organic fertilizer from grass, see the article Preparing Green Fertilizer, or How to Love Weeds.
Organic Fertilizer Application Rules
The lack of individual elements is easy to track by changing the shape and color of the leaves of cucumbers. It is worth considering that the foliar top dressing gives the fastest effect when fertilizers are sprayed over the surface of the bush. But basal organic feeding for cucumbers retain their effect longer, acting gradually and are better absorbed.
Nitrogen dressing is necessary if seedlings start to turn yellow or in young plants there is a massive loss of leaves, lethargy of the lashes.
At nitrogen deficiency the fastest way to replenish it will be a solution of 3 liters of water and 0.5 tsp. ammonia. The dosage should be observed exactly, a stronger concentration will harm the cucumbers. The ground part of the bush and the soil around the roots are moistened from the spray gun.
It is worth considering:
- nitrogen deficiency organic supplements such as bird droppings, manure, grass infusion will also make up for;
- potassium deficiency eliminate additional watering with infusion of ash;
- required level phosphorus restore by spraying cucumbers with ash broth;
- At calcium deficiency in the soil and a strong level of acidity, an infusion of eggshells will help. It is prepared at the rate of 3 tbsp. tablespoons of crushed raw materials to 10 liters. water. For complex feeding it is combined with a mixture of waste from peeling potatoes, carrots and bananas. They are rammed into a barrel on 1/3 and topped up with water. The infusion is aged for a week, is introduced at the root.
To understand the disadvantages of which elements cucumbers suffer, our article will help. What does cucumbers lack?
For cucumbers, plentiful watering is very important, especially during the formation of ovaries and fruit growth. It can be combined with top dressing.
For the assimilation to take place to the full, the plant needs a certain amount of time. Therefore, it makes no sense to feed every day. It is better to follow the sequence, for example, today - feeding with ash, in two weeks - with mullein, and in two more - with infusion of onion husks.
Dear readers! Organic fertilizers are literally nearby, you just need to show a little patience in their preparation, and then the crop will be plentiful, environmentally friendly and very tasty. At the same time, remember that organic fertilizers for cucumbers, if necessary, can be successfully alternated with mineral ones.