Arbours entwined with greenery, climbing roses on supports, hanging wisteria brushes - such paintings can inspire any gardener to numerous labor exploits for the glory of vertical landscaping. And stopping us is very difficult, and sometimes impossible. My persistent attempts to grow decorative perennial creepers in the Khabarovsk Territory looked approximately like this. Fortunately, there were enough vertical surfaces, variously oriented to the cardinal points. Which of the plants turned out to be the most frost-resistant, I will tell in the article.The most frost-resistant vines in my garden.
Five-leaf maiden grapes
For example, the wall of a house. She directly asks to be decorated with something green. Near the wall was planted five-leaf maiden (Parthenocissus quinquefolia), which I have not met either in the city or in the summer cottages and, out of naivety, decided that I should babysit it.
Planted at the northwest wall of the house. In the first year he gave a weak growth, even to the wall, to my disappointment, there was nothing to hang. Wintered, covered with dry foliage. In the second year he gave two lashes of approximately two meter length. I attributed the relatively weak growth to the severity of the climate and the short growing season.
For winter, she took off the wall and carefully covered with dry foliage. And in the third year, taking advantage of my spring confusion, the lashes lying on the ground rushed from all the kidneys with vertical shoots. By the end of summer, the wall was covered with greenery at half height. To remove all this was no longer possible, and I left everything as it is.
Then the natural green expansion began: the lashes climbed from all the buds, up, to the sides, crawled along the ground, taking root and growing everywhere where I did not have time to cut and pull them out. The harsh conditions didn’t interfere with the girl’s grapes, the lashes hanging on a support on the wall of the house were perfectly tolerated by 30-degree frosts with wind and 40-degree ones without wind.
He reached the roof of the house in the 4th year, and he decided where to grow further. I generously shared bundles of shoots with all my friends and acquaintances, planted girl’s grapes along the fence, near the garage and outbuildings, and still in the fall, huge heaps of cut branches had to be burned. Because if you leave a piece, it will grow.
The indisputable advantages of the plant include a large volume of beautiful dark leaves, not susceptible to any diseases, acquiring an amazing red-burgundy color on the sunny side in autumn.
When the grapes climbed onto the western wall, he began to bloom and bear fruit. The flowers are inconspicuous, and the berries are blue, medium-sized, with burgundy fall foliage in perfect harmony. And one more thing: an array of dark large leaves serves as a wonderful background for decorative perennials.
After several years of cultivation, I learned that, as a young man, this grape is somewhat thoughtful, active growth begins from the 3-4th year.
Five-leafed girl's grape (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Read also our article My varieties of girl's grapes - decorative and obedient.
Hop ordinary (Humulus lupulus) I can refer to decorative lianas only conditionally. He, of course, is extremely tenacious (underground). In a relatively short growing season, it is able to grow numerous 5-meter long lashes, cover a significant area, bloom with fragrant flowers and tie very attractive and healthy fruits.
But with high humidity, he suffers from fungal diseases. In addition, its juices suck and its leaves burst, despite their roughness, various pests decisively expelled from cultivated plants: from spider mites, aphids and thrips to scoops and sawflies. Harass them in this green mass - you can’t save the poison.
That is, hops did not please me, but created a huge layer of problems, being a hotbed of garden wrecking.
Common Hop (Humulus lupulus)
See also our detailed article on the plant. Hops are a healthy plant, not a weed.
Beautiful flowering vines that can tolerate severe Far Eastern winters - the cat cried. I found this out by persistent burial of non-local planting material. Of clematis survived clematis tangutus (Clematis tangutica), clematis straight (Clematis recta) and his purple shape.
Almost every winter the aerial part was frosted, and they were restored from the root. But they recovered regularly and even grew wide, increasing the diameter of the bush. I did not notice pests and diseases on them.
Clematis straight grows straight relatively plump stems up to 1.5 m from the root in a bunch, in the middle of summer it is covered with a cloud of small fragrant flowers.
In the purple form, very beautiful dark leaves are set off by white flowers, noticeably less plentiful.
Clematis of Tangut is all tender, airy and weightless. He has literally threadlike stems up to 3 m, the most elegant yellow bell flowers, openwork fluffy coplodia.
Out of ignorance, she planted the Tangut clematis (grown from seeds) 3 meters from the girl’s grape. While the clematis was growing, it took effect, the grapes mastered these three meters and turned into a kind of mesalliance: the powerful dark green foliage of the grapes is highlighted with delicate yellow bells. Clematis foliage in a riot of grape greenery was not visible.
This option, as well as a combination of glossy foliage with fluffy clouds of fertility seemed interesting to me, and I left everything as it is. Unfortunately, the mesalliance turned out to be unsustainable - after three years, the grapes strangled their partner.Clematis straight (Clematis recta). Clematis tangutica
From the winding honeysuckles for some time near the western wall, where in the winter it swept more than a meter of snow, I lived Telman's honeysuckle (Lonicera tellmanniana), but more than three two-meter shoots did not grow and looked somehow sorry. It bloomed a little, with flavourless bright yellow-orange flowers, respectively, and fruits, bright red balls in a green wrapper, there was a cat crying.
Apparently, all the forces were sent to survive. For the winter, I removed it from its support, wrapped it up, in the summer I mulched a lot. Did not help.Telman's honeysuckle (Lonicera tellmanniana).
Calistegia fluffy (Calystegia pubescens), terry uniform - as with hops, it's easier to get than to get. Solid little white roots grow very actively, and in the spring a brush of shoots grows, braiding everything that comes in handy. During the summer it rises by 2-2.5 meters and covers part of the fence on the south side.
The best support for her is a lattice of thin rails, a plastic mesh with large cells. At acquaintances in the country, half of the fencing made of mesh-netting is braided with calistegia: both the mesh is not visible and the plant is good, because in the open, it blooms very plentifully.
It blooms from mid-summer with large pink fragrant, slightly tousled double flowers to frosts. Faded flowers noticeably reduce decorativeness; they have to be plucked regularly. She is not sick, and nobody eats it.
That's all the beautiful flowering survivors. Well, roses are still climbing.Calistegia fluffy (Calystegia pubescens), terry form.
Climbing frost-resistant roses
Rose "New Dawn"
I first appeared New Dawn (New Dawn). And it fully confirmed all the declared characteristics, especially the pricklyness of the shoots. To remove its shoots from a support, to shelter for the winter, and then to open and hang it again - a kind of hard labor.
Since it willingly blooms on the shoots of the current year, capable of growing up to 1.5 m per season, after two years of torment, I switched to a short winter pruning of the bush. She seemed to only feel better: in the spring she briskly begins to grow from all the upper buds and in July blooms with semi-double pink flowers with a delicate smell.
Blossoms and grows shoots to noticeable frosts. No treatment required. If it weren’t for pricklyness, she wouldn’t have a price.Rose "New Dawn" (New Dawn).
Another rose "Flammentants" (Flammentanz) was able to winter with good shelter shoots. Since it blooms once and profusely on last year's shoots, I had to learn how to save them. The biggest problem is not to break when sheltering.
Dry wintering in the Khabarovsk Territory is not a problem: as everything froze in early November, it only thaws by April. Moreover, it does not melt wet, since the earth is frozen, but from above, under the sun, and is blown away by the wind.
The rose throws the whips up to 2.5 m, blooms in July with terry red-raspberry roses very abundantly. The foliage is dark green glossy, the spines are noticeably smaller than that of New Dawn, and it has never been required to be treated either, although gnawed leaves were sometimes found.Rose "Flammentanz" (Flammentanz).
And, what really surprised and pleased me is the rose Naemah (Nahema) In the first year after spring planting, seeing its flowering and breathing in the fragrance, I was already ready to build a personal greenhouse over it. Not needed. She is quite comfortable with an air-dry shelter and a half-meter layer of snow on top.
Amazing rose: begins to bloom in June on overwintered shoots, giving out delicate pink buds with a strong delicate aroma with tassels.
In complete dissolution shows the middle, and the smell becomes stronger. Blossoms all summer in waves on all growing shoots. The pricklyness is even smaller than that of the “Flammentants”. In a blown sunny place (and I gave the best to her!), No treatment is required. Difficulties only with shelter - thick shoots are difficult to bend. And still it is necessary to fix so that a thick layer of snow does not break them. However, this rose is not worth such an effort.
Rose "Nahema" (Nahema).
Also read our article on the 10 best large rose-climers.
Decorative creepers that can't stand our winters
Now about the sad. Survived one or two wintering with a light shelter roses: climbing "Lagoon", canadian semi-flat "Prairie Joy " and "William Baffin. "
From two attempts to grow honeysuckle honeysuckle, not one was crowned with success.
Clematis large-flowered, pieces 6 different, mainly the 3rd trim groups - did not survive.
Wood pliers (male form) did not survive the winter without shelter.
Dear readers! The labor heroism of Siberian gardeners who shelter everything valuable for the winter, from fruit trees and grapes to roses and lilies, deserves the highest praise. But to cover the entire site, maybe someone can afford it, but I have not met such. And the bright and magnificent summer flowering to enthusiasts living in cold regions, I want especially strongly! I would be glad if my experience in growing decorative vines in the Khabarovsk Territory is useful to the readers of Botanychki!