Often, when we see a beautiful flower, we instinctively bend over to feel its fragrance. All fragrant flowers can be divided into two large groups: nocturnal (pollinated by nocturnal butterflies) and diurnal, whose pollinators are mainly bees. Both groups of plants are important for the flower grower and designer, because we often stroll through the garden during the day and relax in our favorite places with the evening. The fragrance of our favorite flowers never puts us. In this article, we will talk about the most fragrant flowers that will please with their smell, mainly in the daytime.
10 flowers that will fill the garden with unique aromas
Read also our material 5 year-olds who are fragrant in the evening and at night.
As you know, the smell of a flower has a chemical nature, it appears as a result of the formation of essential oils in the petals of inflorescences, which are felt at a certain distance during evaporation. Each flower has a unique aroma, since it is formed by a unique combination of various chemical elements. First of all, the smell serves to attract pollinating insects with a very delicate sense of smell. But this does not stop us from enjoying their magnificent and unique fragrance.
The natural form of petunias has a very strong pleasant smell, which intensifies in the evening, but it is also noticeably noticeable during the day. The fragrance of petunia is very similar to the aroma of its closest relative - fragrant tobacco.Violet varieties have the strongest smell among terry petunias.
The first varieties of petunias, close to wild species, had the same intense smell, but in the process of complex breeding work on the selection of original colors in many hybrids, the pleasant aroma was partially lost, and sometimes even completely.
As a rule, the most fragrant are the flowers of hybrids of purple color. But inflorescences of a coloring not traditional for petunias - red or yellow - usually do not smell at all. And a similar pattern can be seen in both simple and terry varieties.
Recently, breeders began to make efforts not only to return the old aroma to petunias, but also to make it more original. The most remarkable fragrance is distinguished by such novelties of recent years as petunia. Easy wave silver - whose smell is very reminiscent of expensive perfumes with vanilla notes, and it does not at all look like the usual "petunia". Hybrid Amore Myo Orange fill the air with a fragrance reminiscent of the smell of jasmine. And here is a hybrid petunia Evening Sensation even won the prestigious award for a unique honey aroma with notes of hyacinth and rose.
Read more about the variety of petunias in the article How not to get confused in the varieties of petunias and choose the right one.
2. Sweet pea
The name of this flower suggests a pleasant aroma, but not all varieties managed to keep it after the work of breeders to improve their appearance.Sweet peas "Old Spice Senator" - a beautiful and fragrant variety.
Modern sweet pea has very beautiful wavy inflorescences resembling elegant ruffles. By color, they are often two-tone with a very interesting dark coating on lighter petals. However, the most fragrant should be sought among simple and medium-sized flowers.
When choosing a variety, also note that perennial sweet peas (rank) are odorless. One of the few modern varieties that, with an unusual appearance, managed to preserve the aroma, is peas Old Spice Senator.
The main scope of application of sweet peas is decoration of vertical surfaces. But among modern varieties, compact bush options for flower beds and flowerpots can also be found. In addition, this plant is also often used as a floristic material, since inflorescences can stand in bouquets for up to two weeks.
This stunted annual forms a rug covered with medium-sized inflorescences, which are most often pure white, or represent various shades of a lilac palette. More recently, the color scheme of alissum varieties was supplemented with a new color - light pink with a peach tint Еster Bonnet Peach.White alissum aroma most strongly, its smell can be felt even at a distance
Modern varieties of alissum have not only unusual shades of petals, but also larger flowers, which are approximately two times larger than the usual "folk" alissum. Nevertheless, hybrid alissum is inferior to the latter in terms of aroma, and many new varieties do not smell so intense, and some are completely odorless.
In particular, the hybrid Wonderland deep purple with very expressive inflorescences of the ink color, it smells absolutely nothing. Therefore, the very strong honey aroma that instantly immerses us in the summer and attracts many insects is worth looking for in old varieties.
It has been noted that the alissum aroma is white in color most of all; its smell can be felt even at a distance. Lilac varieties smell weaker, and in their aroma there are tart notes.
4. Reseda fragrant
This flower has a very original, but completely inexpressive appearance - a loose inflorescence of yellowish-green flowers. The main advantage of Reseda is its unique pleasant aroma.The main advantage of Reseda is its unique pleasant aroma.
The smell of the plant is slightly similar to violet, but it has a slight bitter note, like wormwood. Sometimes the fragrance of Reseda is compared with an expensive French perfume.
The smell of Reseda cannot be called strong, and it is felt only if it is in close proximity to inflorescences. But in many ways, such a feature can be attributed to the pluses of the flower, since the reseda can be safely put in the house, and even a bedroom can be perfumed with a bouquet. Unlike such strongly-smelling plants as lily or mock orange, this will not lead to any unpleasant consequences.
In the culture of the Resed, it is unpretentious, and with this annual you can break too colorful flower beds, adding them severity and unusual aroma.
This pretty annual is very much loved by perfumers, and it is often used to make perfumes, along with such kings of aromas as rose, jasmine and lily of the valley.The heliotrope is very much loved by perfumers, and it is often used to make perfumes.
Bees and flocks of colorful butterflies will become mandatory visitors to the curtain with heliotrope, so this bush will always be "live" and interesting for observation.
Gelitrop has dark purple corymbose inflorescences, consisting of medium-sized flowers, the main advantage of which is a strong honey-vanilla aroma.
This plant is unpretentious, and in a temperate climate it is grown in seedlings as a heat-loving annual. For maximum effect, the heliotrope is planted in groups. The landing site should be sunny or slightly shady. The heliotrope is also popular in container culture. In this case, it will be easy to bring it to the premises for wintering, and propagate by cuttings with the onset of spring.
6. Tuberose (Polyantes tuberosus)
Today, not every grower is familiar with the name of this plant, but this was not always the case. Previously, this exotic flower with a strong heady aroma was incredibly popular in noble estates.Due to its spectacular appearance and strong fragrance, tuberose is popular all over the world.
The mention of tuberose can be found in the works of Gorky, Kuprin, as well as in poems of poets of that time. In particular, in Zhukovsky we find the following lines: "There are pearl lilies of the valley, There are pink bushes, Tulip, fragrant daffodil And tuberose is a pure emblem of beauty."
Due to its spectacular appearance and strong fragrance, tuberose is popular all over the world. For example, in many countries of the East, the local name of the flower translates as "queen of aromas." In ancient times, in some countries there was a ban on unmarried girls walking in places where tuberose was planted, as it was believed that its smell causes attraction and erotic fantasies. What is the smell of tuberose?
It is not easy to describe this fragrance, because it is very rich and multifaceted. In it you can catch notes of exotic fruits, ginger and oriental lilies, also in the aroma there are creamy and honey notes.
The smell of tuberose is very strong, tart and heady, and to some it may seem too intrusive. In this regard, tuberose has both ardent admirers and opponents. In any case, you can try to plant this plant in the garden and determine your attitude to this controversial flower.
Most often, polyanthes planting material is found on sale The pearl ("Pearl"), which is distinguished by terry snow-white, waxy flowers, reaching a diameter of 5-6 centimeters.
In agricultural technology, tuberose is a bit like gladiolus. Corms are planted for germination indoors around April. But for early flowering, you can plant much earlier. Best corms germinate in the dark. In the open ground, plants are planted in mid-May.
For tuberose, the sunniest place in the garden is suitable. In addition to the standard, the plant will still require special care. Before the first autumn frosts, polyantes are dug up and stored in a room with a temperature of 10-15 degrees.
Depending on the class, lilies can have both an incredibly strong fragrance and no aroma at all. So, eastern, or oriental lilies characterized by the strongest, sweet, thick and spicy aroma.Bombini Lily - OT hybrids of lilies do not have such an intrusive and stuffy smell as the Oriental ones.
This specific smell is not to everyone's taste, and often it is perceived as "stuffy" and intrusive. Longflorums, or long-flowered lilies also characterized by a pronounced fragrance, which is felt for tens of meters. Tubular (Orleans) lilies do not smell much weaker than oriental and long-flowered, but have slightly different notes of fragrance.
Hybrids obtained with the participation of oriental lilies have largely inherited the characteristics of the aroma and have a rather strong smell.LO hybrids (the result of crossing long-flowered and oriental lilies) exude a finer aroma compared to oriental varieties.
OT hybrids (a hybrid of oriental and tubular lilies) saturate the air with a moderately pronounced pleasant aroma. Asiatic Lilies ideal for those who find the lily smell intrusive, as their inflorescences are odorless. Hybrids, which appeared as a result of crossing the species of long-flowered lilies with Asians, are distinguished by a subtle delicate aroma.
Special group of lilies Martagon, or Curly lily It has a tangible smell, which in intensity is much inferior to oriental. In general, their aroma can be described as "sweet-tart", while, depending on the variety, Martagons can smell differently.
A lily in the garden and a bouquet of lilies in the room produce completely different impressions. Even the most fragrant oriental lily, planted in the far corner of the garden, will not cause a sensation of stuffy cloying and obsession. Therefore, if you are sensitive to odors, then too fragrant lilies should be planted in limited quantities and at a distance from places of rest.
Read more about growing lilies in the article Lilies - choosing a place and planting in the garden.
Rose is a godsend for the perfumer and one of the first plants that was used by man to obtain essential oil. The most intense smell of roses becomes in the morning. The most open roses smell most of all, since the goal of the plant is to attract pollinating insects.Most of all, the fragrance of roses is felt in the morning.
Pink aroma can be described as sweet, warm, delicate with a fruity note. When we say that something smells like a rose, then everyone can clearly imagine what kind of smell it is.
Most species and varieties of roses have a fragrance, but it is far from always classic pink. Very often there are roses with an unusual aroma, for example, lemon, hyacinth, banana, musky, violet, vanilla and so on. Some varieties combine several unusual notes in their aroma at once.
In percentage terms, only 20% of roses have a strong fragrance, and 25% of the varieties are practically odorless, the remaining varieties have a medium-intensity aroma. Therefore, if it is important for you to enjoy the aroma of a rose, it is better to refuse a spontaneous purchase, and first study the characteristics of the attracted variety.
Typically, specialized sites have detailed information about each variety, including a description of the intensity and shade of the smell. Moreover, both strongly smelling and devoid of aroma varieties can be found in any group of roses (shrubby, flowerbed, climbing).
An exception is the growing roses of the English breeder David Austin, which were purposefully selected according to the principle of the presence of aroma, therefore there are absolutely no smelling varieties in this series. Among Austin roses you can find really amazing shades of aroma, such as wormwood, cloves, the smell of good tea or expensive soap.
This plant smells not only flowers, but also foliage. The aroma of lavender is associated with the presence of a large number of essential oils in the aerial part of the plant, which in turn are rich in volatile, having a specific aroma.Narrow-leaved lavender winters with us very well without additional shelter.
Initially phytoncides are produced by a plant to deter insect pests, but people have learned to benefit from these substances using fragrant plants for their own purposes. In particular, the smell of lavender by most people is perceived as very pleasant.
Therefore, in the southern regions, this flower is grown literally on an industrial scale due to the high demand for raw materials in the perfumery and cosmetics industries.
It is believed that the smell of this plant improves mood, fights insomnia, eliminates fears and alleviates headaches. In addition to aromatherapy, lavender has a purely practical application in the household, in particular, its aroma can repel mosquitoes and moths and is used to disinfect rooms.
For a long time it was believed that lavender does not winter well in the middle lane. But it is not so. Broadleaf lavender is indeed a very thermophilic plant that can only be grown as an annual. But another type of lavender - narrow-leaved - winters very well without additional shelter.
Also, as a decorative plant in the gardens, a hybrid of two types of lavender, called lavender, is used. This flower is more resistant to diseases and pests, and also has sufficient winter hardiness and winters well in our climate.
In the garden for lavender, open sunny places are suitable. This plant is drought tolerant and unpretentious. It is easy to grow from seeds or propagate by dividing the bush. Flowering lavender continues throughout the summer.
How to grow lavender in the garden, read in article 7 simple rules for gorgeous lavender.
The well-recognized aroma of iris is very pleasant, is popular among perfumers and is extremely loved by women. Meanwhile, in addition to the classic aroma, characteristic of the most common "grandmother's" purple irises, this flower has a rich palette of aromas.Most purple varieties have a classic aroma of iris.
For example, there are often varieties with aromas of sweets: vanilla, honey, caramel and even chocolate (variety Copatonic) Some varieties have a floral smell, in which at the same time a slight bitterness or tart citrus notes are distinctly felt.
As a rule, the smell of iris has a very complex composition, combining several components at once, and then the aroma can be described as floral-caramel or honey with bitterness and so on.
The smell of each varietal iris is unique, and it does not always correlate with the color of the flower. For example, grades Copatonic and Stopthe music have a very similar red-brown color. But with respect to the smell, the first smells sweet with chocolate, and the second has a caramel-citrus smell.
However, it was also noted that irises with a predominance of yellow shades of the petal most often have distinct lemon notes, and flowers with a dominant violet color scheme smell classic, but there are also exceptions to this rule.
It is noteworthy that often the most interesting original notes appear in the aroma of iris in the first days after the opening of the bud, after which the smell can be replaced by a classic iris.
In order for irises to please with their flowers with a magical aroma, it is necessary to plant them in sunny places, as the tubers should be well warmed up.
Other perennials with a strong pleasant aroma: lily of the valley, peony, cloves, phlox, violet, etc.