As many gardeners joke, winter is November and December, and January-February is already a foretaste of spring. Indeed, the daylight is slowly increasing, the streets are again filled with sonorous little blue-eyed songs, and flower growers are already eager to start the sowing company.5 bright summers to be sown in early February
As practice shows, the optimal month for sowing most ornamental crops is March. Nevertheless, there are a number of flowering plants, the sowing of which is recommended as early as possible - in late January-early February, otherwise it takes too long to wait for their flowering. What annual flowers I sow for seedlings in January-February, I will tell in the article.
All these flowers belong to crops with a long growing season. Usually their seedlings "swing" for a very long time in germination and need more time to start than most other flowers, so it is important not to be late with sowing such flowers.
1. Eustoma (lisianthus)
Inimitable annual with flowers, which, in half-growth, are easily confused with a rose. For the earliest flowering, this charming flower is recommended to be sown almost in December. But the beginning of February is an equally favorable time to start sowing it. In this case, the beginning of flowering of most varieties begins closer to the end of July.Eustoma.
Later, it is better not to plant eustoma, since lisianthus has a very long period of budding. In this case, the buds will begin to bloom only in the fall. And if the autumn time is rainy, delicate flowers will suffer very much from the rain.
Features of sowing eustoma seeds for seedlings
Largest eustoma seeds are comparable to small petunia seeds, but, fortunately, they are most often sold in granules, which greatly facilitates sowing. Like most gardeners, I prefer to lay out small coated seeds with a damp toothpick. Before that, I try to level the soil as much as possible in the landing tank and remove large pieces of peat. After the surface of the substrate becomes smooth and homogeneous, in a checkerboard pattern with a dry toothpick I make tiny holes two centimeters apart, into which I carefully place the seeds, I do not fall asleep on top of the granules.
Due to a small deepening, with subsequent moistening from the spray gun, the small seeds do not spread out over the surface, but remain in the places reserved for them. Due to the fact that at first the eustoma seedlings grow very slowly, the arrangement of seeds at a distance from each other in a checkerboard pattern in the future will help to avoid unnecessary picking.
It is best that the seeds of lisianthus germinate in the light, so it is advisable to immediately place the containers with crops under the phytolamp. Until the pellet shell is completely dissolved, it is advisable to spray the crops from the sprayer as often as possible or pipette directly onto each seed.
Germination of seeds at a temperature of 20-25 degrees takes 1-2 weeks. Seeds of eustoma are very small with narrow elongated cotyledons. The first months of lisianthus grow so slowly that sometimes it seems as if the plants do stand still. A noticeable jump in the development of eustomas with subsequent rapid growth usually occurs by June, when the plants are ready for planting in a permanent place.
The best varieties of eustoma
At first, I grew exceptionally tall eustomas. But, despite all their beauty, such varieties have several disadvantages. For example, they practically do not scrub, and the stems are not too persistent and therefore require garter, delicate petals suffer greatly from rain. In the flower garden, tall eustomas find it difficult to find partners, since eustomas, like roses, overshadow the neighbors with their royal appearance. For this reason, tall eustomas are flowers grown mainly for cutting into bouquets.
Fortunately, you can find dwarf eustom varieties for sale in containers. The height of these plants does not exceed 20 centimeters, the bushes readily branch, and with the onset of cold weather they are easy to place on the windowsill to continue to admire the charming roses.
Theoretically, eustomas can winter in the apartment, but in my case the attempt was unsuccessful due to the invasion of the spider mite. Of the dwarf eustomas, I liked the varieties most of all. Rosie with double flowers of various colors, as well as non-double bicolor eustomas Carmen (white petals with a purple border) and a hybrid Sapphire pink rimhaving white flowers with a pale pink border.
Read more about growing eustoma in the material Eustoma - growing the queen of bouquets.
Continuation of the list of summers that should be sown for seedlings in early February, see the next page.