My first garden was created in the Khabarovsk Territory, in rather severe climatic and not very successful local conditions. He taught me a lot. I wanted a lush garden blooming from spring to autumn, and the plants wanted, first of all, to survive in these conditions. Not everyone succeeded, the most persistent ones remained, providing flowering from the beginning of May until noticeable frosts. In this article I will talk about spring perennials, which turned out to be the most frost-resistant.The most frost-resistant spring perennials in my garden.
Strange Far Eastern Spring
Spring, in the understanding usual for the middle band, is not in the Khabarovsk Territory. In April, there may no longer be snow; it has melted, but the frozen ground thaws until May. Grass doesn't even show. There are no green buds, let alone leaves, in sight. Dry, bare earth, bare trees and dust.
Here on this bare ground in early May, the first bulbous ones make my way: plump leaves of scrub, narrow straws of crocuses, a couple of leaves of snowdrops, the first flowers appear. This touching picture lasts five days.
After this, the sprint race begins: by the end of the first week of May, the top layer of the earth warms up, it becomes warm and sometimes even hot, early tulips, late blooming crocuses, scylls and kandyks begin to climb at a terrible speed. Blossom and bloom in a week. Although at this time there are return frosts and snow. However, in my memory, there were frosts on June 30.
Following are the remaining types of tulips, and only they are able to withstand flowering for four weeks in non-hot and calm weather (all species - from early to late).
As tulips bloom, dwarf irises bloom and bloom in different places, thick-leaved frangipani, Siberian brunner, arabis, rejected primrose, decorative bows, cypress euphorbia, lungwort.
All this blooming madness occurs against the background of other plants rushing to live - for 3-5 days, honeysuckle, cherries, plums, bird cherry flourish, leaves bloom on almost all trees within a week. Grass climbs with terrible power and speed. Quickly, in 5-7 days, apple trees, pears, lilacs flourish, and that's it - spring is over. Pollination insects work from dawn to dusk, otherwise you may not have time.When tulips bloom, there are often frosts and snow in the Khabarovsk Territory.
Frost-resistant bulbous perennials
All these spring perennials are more or less comfortable on dry soil, which freezes less, does not crack and does not tear roots to plants. Small-bulbous plants grow better on raised beds, tulips are buried in a dry place to the depth where they feel comfortable (I plant 15 centimeters, I dig 25-30 cm). None of these plants have ever harbored.
But with daffodils and muscari it didn’t work: the maximum that the strong bulbs of the autumn planting are capable of blooming once, already in the next winter they will die. I buried bulbs in the fall regularly in different places for about 7 years in a row, I really wanted daffodils and muscari. But no way.
Spells stable everywhere. Snowdrops pokripnichalis with the choice of place (I dragged the dividers throughout the site) and settled on the southwestern side of the honeysuckle.
Crocuses, and scyls and kandyki agreed to grow only in the driest and sunniest places, and then mostly species. Large-flowered crocuses fall in 2-3 years. Moreover, crocuses took root near daylilies, covering everything around with its abundant foliage, and Scylls and Kandyks - in those places where a lot of foliage blew in the fall.Scilla (scilla) are stable everywhere.
FROM tulips In the first years I rushed about like with a written bag: I dug, dried, dug back in the fall. Then I got perennial tulips that I don’t need to dig out every year. And a year later, I stopped digging and planting all this overgrown economy every year, observing tulips - to whom this is bad and who is not.
In dry sunny places everyone was fine! Still, the summer in Komsomolsk-on-Amur is sunny and hot, the earth warms up well. Therefore, at first I switched to digging in a year or two, and then - only for capricious people or if they have grown greatly.
Necessary reservation: the plot is frankly dry, huge poplars grow nearby, sucking water like pumps. More or less humid places are occupied by beds. I tried to plant tulips there. So there they are uncomfortable, if you do not dig up - they die.
Over time, I came to the conclusion that tulips do not have to be dug up annually.
Read also our article All about varieties of tulips - classes, groups and varieties.
Decorative bows grow and bloom without whims and grow well: giant, karatavsky, blue, slime.
The giant is beautiful and monumental in flowering, but requires "covering of the legs" - the leaves begin to dry long before flowering and decorativeness is not added.
It is advisable to plant Karatavsky next to plants that have spreading foliage - after flowering, the leaves will die and there will be no trace. Blue is very well planted with a thick border, along the contour of the garden, for example. Yes, and the slime in this capacity is not bad. In addition, they are quite edible. And within the bounds of decency and designated space, you can keep them by pulling out for food. All bows also fit dry places.
Luke Moli and Ostrovsky did not take root - it is cold to them.
The giant onion (Allium giganteum) is beautiful and monumental in bloom.
Read also our article. Time to plant an allaria - choosing a place, varieties and partners for decorative bows.
Frost-resistant grassy perennials
Brunner aggressive - all segments of the root, simply thrown to the ground, take root. But even the most wild and uncivilized species are remarkably good with bright blue “forget-me-not” flowers and rough, heart-shaped foliage.
In the literature there is a mention that surprised me that Brunner is hygrophilous. I did not give her such happiness, because even in dry partial shade without watering, it grows in three years so that weeds break through her bushes only the most malicious. By July, her leaves begin to dry out and it is better to cut them so as not to spoil the view - in two weeks she will grow a new green rug.
In addition, Brunner survives and blooms in places where even the grass does not grow much - in a dry and shaded place, under old poplars, for example. I was not at all sorry for such a place, and Brunner with her rough leaves covered the entire area provided to her. Varietal brunners are more moody.
Badanas I love for thoroughness - they sit in one place, not rampaging and not weeding, plump leaves are stacked tightly and firmly hold even after the first frosts. Bronze first with edges, and then whole. And their flower stalks are plump with tight-fitting flowers - a kind of seriousness among the spring frivolity. Again, they calmly tolerate dry penumbra, of which I have a lot.
Planting material Lungworms I was looking for two years - everything somehow did not add up. And then the bush showed up under the plum tree, and further concerns were only with transplanting to the necessary sites - seedlings sprouted in various places.
Lungwort attracts with colorful flowers (corollas change color with age), variegated foliage and a general cheerful look. The leaves are decorative all season. She didn’t really like the dry shadow - it grew and bloomed weakly. But in a wet shady place she showed herself in all its glory. Fresh young leaves can be crushed into a salad. The whole plant has healing properties.
Ephemeroid primrose Siebold lives in a dry place in the sun as well as arabis. Moreover, one of the arabis climbed into a Canadian park rose (not a covering one) and cohabits well with her.
And in a completely dry, sunny and protected place from the north settled euphorbia cypress. He, like the Lungwort, also after a while begins to sprout in the most unexpected places. Such cute Christmas trees can be grown with a rug or in individual jackets - how much space will be left for him.Brunner (above) and frankincense (below) in my garden.
Frost-resistant rhizome perennials
Undersized irises in dry places they also grow remarkably, and even regularly occurring "black frosts" (lowering the temperature to -20 degrees in the absence of snow) do not cause them much harm. What can not be said about tall.
After suffering with tall, I did not want to plant and low. But then I saw a jacket with friends in the country and caught fire. Not for nothing: the tiny little delochki turned into lush flowering bushes just two years later, and a year later I handed out the dividends to my friends, without sacrificing decorativeness.
Read also our article 8 of the best ornamental shrubs blooming in spring.
P.S. A bit about sad things: stonecrops none took root, varietal anemones also. Dropped out Eranthis and Hyacinths.
Despite this, the whole May site pleases with flowering and passes the baton to summer perennials. Based on the fact that June is already summer. Even if with frost. It's just such a summer.